God, jealous of its exclusive right to receive the honor and obey Him, wants Him to be regarded as one God, so as to be expressed by the people of His own holiness.
Hallow the Name of God, it means fear Him, it is also personally submitted the glory and character of deep faith.
Proudly celebrated the liturgy reveals His glory and the perfect way enhances His majesty.
Leviticus 1 – 7
And the Lord called Moses, and spoke to him from the tabernacle of the testimony, saying: 2 Speak to the children of Israel, and you shall say to them: The man among you that shall offer to the Lord a sacrifice of the cattle, that is, offering victims of oxen and sheep: 3 If his offering be a holocaust, and of the herd, he shall offer a male without blemish, at the door of the testimony, to make the Lord favourable to him. 4 And he shall put his hand upon the head of the victim: and it shall be acceptable, and help to its expiation. 5 And he shall immolate the calf before the Lord: and the priests the sons of Aaron shall offer the blood thereof, pouring it round about the altar, which is before the door of the tabernacle. 6 And when they have flayed the victim, they shall cut the joints into pieces: 7 And shall put fire on the altar, having before laid in order a pile of wood. 8 And they shall lay the parts that are cut out in order thereupon: to wit, the head, and all things that cleave to the liver; 9 the entrails and feet being washed with water. And the priest shall burn them upon the altar for a holocaust, and a sweet savour to the Lord. 10 And if the offering be of the flocks,
a holocaust of sheep or of goats, he shall offer a male without blemish. 11 And he shall immolate it at the side of the altar that looks to the north, before the Lord: but the sons of Aaron shall pour the blood thereof upon the altar round about. 12 And they shall divide the joints, the head, and all that cleave to the liver: and shall lay them upon the wood, under which the fire is to be put. 13 But the entrails and the feet they shall wash with water. And the priest shall offer it all and burn it all upon the altar for a holocaust, and most sweet savour to the Lord. 14 But if the oblation of a holocaust to the Lord be of birds, of turtles, or of young pigeons: 15 The priest shall offer it at the altar: and twisting back the neck, and breaking the place of the wound, he shall make the blood run down upon the brim of the altar. 16 But the crop of the throat, and the feathers he shall cast beside the altar at the east side, in the place where the ashes are wont to be poured out. 17 And he shall break the pinions thereof, and shall not cut, nor divide it with a knife: and shall burn it upon the altar, putting fire under the wood. It is a holocaust and oblation of most sweet savour to the Lord.
[A holocaust… That is, a whole burnt offering (olokauston), so called, because the whole victim was consumed with fire; and given in such manner to God as wholly to evaporate, as it were, for his honour and glory; without having any part of it reserved for the use of man. The other sacrifices in the Old Testament were either offerings for sin, or peace offerings: and these latter again were either offered in thanksgiving for blessings received; or by way of prayer for new favours or graces. So that sacrifices were then offered to God for four different ends or intentions, answerable to the different obligations which man has to God: 1. By way of adoration, homage, praise, and glory due to his divine majesty. 2. By way of thanksgiving for all benefits received from him. 3. By way of confessing and craving pardon for sins. 4. By way of prayer and petition for grace and relief in all necessities. In the New Law we have but one sacrifice, viz., that of the body and blood of Christ: but this one sacrifice of the New Testament perfectly answers all these four ends; and both priest and people, as often as it is celebrated, ought to join in offering it up for these four ends. (Challoner)]
When any one shall offer an oblation of sacrifice to the Lord, his offering shall be of fine flour: and he shall pour oil upon it, and put frankincense, 2 and shall bring it to the sons of Aaron the priests. And one of them shall take a handful of the flour and oil, and all the frankincense; and shall put it a memorial upon the altar for a most sweet savour to the Lord. 3 And the remnant of the sacrifice shall be Aaron’s, and his sons’, holy of holies of the offerings of the Lord. 4 But when you offer a sacrifice baked in the oven of flour, to wit, loaves without leaven, tempered with oil, and unleavened wafers, anointed with oil:
5 If your oblation be from the frying pan, of flour tempered with oil, and without leaven:
6 You shall divide it into little pieces, and shall pour oil upon it. 7 And if the sacrifice be from the gridiron, in like manner the flour shall be tempered with oil. 8 And when you offer it to the Lord, you shall deliver it to the hands of the priest. 9 And when he has offered it, he shall take a memorial out of the sacrifice, and burn it upon the altar for a sweet savour to the Lord. 10 And whatsoever is left, shall be Aaron’s, and his sons’: holy of holies of the offerings of the Lord. 11 Every oblation that is offered to the Lord shall be made without leaven: neither shall any leaven or honey be burnt in the sacrifice to the Lord. 12 You shall offer only the firstfruits of them and gifts: but they shall not be put upon the altar, for
a savour of sweetness. 13 Whatsoever sacrifice you offer, you shall season it with salt: neither shall you take away the salt of the covenant of your God from your sacrifice. In all your oblations you shall offer salt. 14 But if you offer a gift of the firstfruits of your corn to the Lord, of the ears yet green, you shall dry it at the fire, and break it small like meal; and so shall you offer your firstfruits to the Lord: 15 Pouring oil upon it and putting on frankincense, because it is the oblation of the Lord. 16 Whereof the priest shall burn for
a memorial of the gift, part of the corn broken small and of the oil, and all the frankincense.
[* Holy of holies… That is, most holy, as being dedicated to God, and set aside by his ordinance for the use of his priests. (Challoner)
* Without leaven or honey… No leaven nor honey was to be used in the sacrifice offered to God; to signify that we are to exclude from the pure worship of the gospel, all double dealing and affection to carnal pleasures. (Challoner)
* Salt… In every sacrifice salt was to be used, which is an emblem of wisdom and discretion, without which none of our performances are agreeable to God. (Challoner)]
And if his oblation be a sacrifice of peace offerings, and he will offer of the herd, whether male or female: he shall offer them without blemish before the Lord. 2 And he shall lay his hand upon the head of his victim, which shall be slain in the entry of the tabernacle of the testimony: and the sons of Aaron the priests shall pour the blood round about upon the altar. 3 And they shall offer of the sacrifice of peace offerings, for an oblation to the Lord: the fat that covers the entrails, and all the fat that is within, 4 the two kidneys with the fat wherewith the flanks are covered, and the caul of the liver with the two little kidneys.
5 And they shall burn them upon the altar, for a holocaust, putting fire under the wood: for an oblation of most sweet savour to the Lord. 6 But if his oblation and the sacrifice of peace offering be of the flock, whether he offer male or female, they shall be without blemish. 7 If he offer a lamb before the Lord: 8 He shall put his hand upon the head of the victim. And it shall be slain in the entry of the tabernacle of the testimony: and the sons of Aaron shall pour the blood thereof round about upon the altar. 9 And they shall offer of the victim of peace offerings, a sacrifice to the Lord: the fat and the whole rump, 10 with the kidneys, and the fat that covers the belly and all the vitals and both the little kidneys, with the fat that is about the flanks, and the caul of the liver with the little kidneys. 11 And the priest shall burn them upon the altar, for the food of the fire, and of the oblation of the Lord. 12 If his offering be a goat, and he offer it to the Lord: 13 He shall put his hand upon the head thereof: and shall immolate it in the entry of the tabernacle of the testimony. And the sons of Aaron shall pour the blood thereof round about upon the altar. 14 And they shall take of it for the food of the Lord’s fire, the fat that covers the belly, and that covers all the vital parts: 15 The two little kidneys with the caul that is upon them which is by the flanks, and the fat of the liver with the little kidneys. 16 And the priest shall burn them upon the altar, for the food of the fire, and of a most sweet savour. All the fat shall be the Lord’s. 17 By
a perpetual law for your generations, and in all your habitations: neither blood nor fat shall you eat at all.
[* Peace offerings… Peace, in the scripture language, signifies happiness, welfare or prosperity; in a word, all kind of blessings. Such sacrifices, therefore, as were offered either on occasion of blessings received, or to obtain new favours, were called pacific or peace offerings. In these, some part of the victim was consumed with fire on the altar of God; other parts were eaten by the priests and by the persons for whom the sacrifice was offered. (Challoner)
* Fat… It is meant of the fat, which by the prescription of the law was to be offered on God’s altar; not of the fat of meat, such as we commonly eat. (Challoner)]
And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 2 Say to the children of Israel: The soul that sins through ignorance, and does anything concerning any of the commandments of the Lord, which he commanded not to be done: 3 If the priest that is anointed shall sin, making the people to offend, he shall offer to the Lord for his sin a calf without blemish. 4 And he shall bring it to the door of the testimony before the Lord: and shall put his hand upon the head thereof, and shall sacrifice it to the Lord. 5 He shall take also of the blood of the calf: and carry it into the tabernacle of the testimony. 6 And having dipped his finger in the blood, he shall sprinkle with it seven times before the Lord, before the veil of the sanctuary. 7 And he shall put some of the same blood upon the horns of the altar of the sweet incense most acceptable to the Lord, which is in the tabernacle of the testimony. And he shall pour all the rest of the blood at the foot of the altar of holocaust in the entry of the tabernacle. 8 And he shall take off the fat of the calf for the sin offering, as well that which covers the entrails, as all the inwards: 9 The two little kidneys, and the caul that is upon them, which is by the flanks, and the fat of the liver with the little kidneys: 10 As it is taken off from the calf of the sacrifice of peace offerings. And he shall burn them upon the altar of holocaust. 11 But the skin and all the flesh with the head and the feet and the bowels and the dung: 12 And the rest of the body, he shall carry forth without the camp into a clean place where the ashes are wont to be poured out: and he shall burn them upon a pile of wood. They shall be burnt in the place where the ashes are poured out. 13 And if all the multitude of Israel shall be ignorant, and through ignorance shall do that which is against the commandment of the Lord, 14 and afterwards shall understand their sin: they shall offer for their sin a calf, and shall bring it to the door of the tabernacle. 15 And the ancients of the people shall put their hands upon the head thereof before the Lord. And the calf being immolated in the sight of the Lord: 16 The priest that is anointed shall carry of the blood into the tabernacle of the testimony. 17 And shall dip his finger in it and sprinkle it seven times before the veil.
18 And he shall put of the same blood on the horns of the altar that is before the Lord, in the tabernacle of the testimony. And the rest of the blood he shall pour at the foot of the altar of holocaust, which is at the door of the tabernacle of the testimony. 19 And all the fat thereof he shall take off, and shall burn it upon the altar: 20 Doing so with this calf, as he did also with that before. And the priest praying for them, the Lord will be merciful unto them. 21 But the calf itself he shall carry forth without the camp, and shall burn it as he did the former calf: because it is for the sin of the multitude. 22 If a prince shall sin, and through ignorance do any one of the things that the law of the Lord forbids, 23 and afterwards shall come to know his sin: he shall offer a buck goat without blemish,
a sacrifice to the Lord. 24 And he shall put his hand upon the head thereof: and when he has immolated it in the place where the holocaust is wont to be slain before the Lord, because it is for sin, 25 the priest shall dip his finger in the blood of the victim for sin, touching therewith the horns of the altar of holocaust, and pouring out the rest at the foot thereof. 26 But the fat he shall burn upon it, as is wont to be done with the victims of peace offerings. And the priest shall pray for him, and for his sin: and it shall be forgiven him.
27 And if any one of the people of the land shall sin through ignorance, doing any of those things that by the law of the Lord are forbidden, and offending, 28 and shall come to know his sin: he shall offer a she goat without blemish. 29 And he shall put his hand upon the head of the victim that is for sin: and shall immolate it in the place of the holocaust. 30 And the priest shall take of the blood with his finger, and shall touch the horns of the altar of holocaust: and shall pour out the rest at the foot thereof. 31 But taking off all the fat, as is wont to be taken away of the victims of peace offerings, he shall burn it upon the altar, for
a sweet savour to the Lord: and he shall pray for him, and it shall be forgiven him. 32 But if he offer of the flock a victim for his sin, to wit, an ewe without blemish: 33 He shall put his hand upon the head thereof, and shall immolate it in the place where the victims of holocausts are wont to be slain. 34 And the priest shall take of the blood thereof with his finger, and shall touch the horns of the altar of holocaust: and the rest he shall pour out at the foot thereof. 35 All the fat also he shall take off, as the fat of the ram that is offered for peace offerings is wont to be taken away: and shall burn it upon the altar, for a burnt sacrifice of the Lord. And he shall pray for him and his sin, and it shall be forgiven him.
[* Ignorance… To be ignorant of what we are bound to know is sinful; and for such culpable ignorance, these sacrifices, prescribed in this and the following chapter, were appointed. (Challoner)
* The blood… As the figure of the blood of Christ shed for the remission of our sins, and carried by him into the sanctuary of heaven. (Challoner)]
If any one sin, and hear the voice of one swearing, and is a witness either because he himself has seen, or is privy to it: if he do not utter it, he shall bear his iniquity.
2 Whosoever touches any unclean thing, either that which has been killed by a beast, or died of itself, or any other creeping thing: and forgets his uncleanness, he is guilty, and has offended. 3 And if he touch anything of the uncleanness of man, according to any uncleanness wherewith he is wont to be defiled: and having forgotten it, come afterwards to know it, he shall be guilty of an offence. 4 The person that swears, and utters with his lips, that he would do either evil or good, and binds the same with an oath, and his word: and having forgotten it afterwards understands his offence, 5 let him do penance for his sin: 6 And offer of the flocks an ewe lamb, or a she goat, and the priest shall pray for him and for his sin. 7 But if he be not able to offer a beast, let him offer two turtles, or two young pigeons to the Lord, one for sin, and the other for a holocaust, 8 and he shall give them to the priest: who shall offer the first for sin, and twist back the head of it to the little pinions, so that it stick to the neck, and be not altogether broken off. 9 And of its blood he shall sprinkle the side of the altar: and whatever is left, he shall let it drop at the bottom thereof, because it is for sin. 10 And the other he shall burn for a holocaust, as is wont to be done. And the priest shall pray for him, and for his sin, and it shall be forgiven him. 11 And if his hand be not able to offer two turtles, or two young pigeons, he shall offer for his sin the tenth part of an ephi of flour. He shall not put oil upon it, nor put any frankincense thereon, because it is for sin. 12 And he shall deliver it to the priest, who shall take
a handful thereof, and shall burn it upon the altar for a memorial of him that offered it:
13 Praying for him and making atonement. But the part that is left, he himself shall have for a gift. 14 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 15 If any one shall sin through mistake, transgressing the ceremonies in those things that are sacrificed to the Lord, he shall offer for his offence a ram without blemish out of the flocks, that may be bought for two sicles, according to the weight of the sanctuary. 16 And he shall make good the damage itself which he has done, and shall add the fifth part besides, delivering it to the priest, who shall pray for him, offering the ram: and it shall be forgiven him. 17 If any one sin through ignorance, and do one of those things which by the law of the Lord are forbidden, and being guilty of sin, understand his iniquity: 18 He shall offer of the flocks a ram without blemish to the priest, according to the measure and estimation of the sin. And the priest shall pray for him, because he did it ignorantly: And it shall be forgiven him, 19 because by mistake he trespassed against the Lord.
The Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 2 Whosoever shall sin, and despising the Lord, shall deny to his neighbour the thing delivered to his keeping, which was committed to his trust; or shall by force extort anything, or commit oppression; 3 or shall find a thing lost, and denying it, shall also swear falsely, or shall do any other of the many things, wherein men are wont to sin: 4 Being convicted of the offence, he shall restore 5 all that he would have gotten by fraud, in the principal, and the fifth part besides, to the owner, whom he wronged. 6 Moreover for his sin he shall offer a ram without blemish out of the flock: and shall give it to the priest, according to the estimation and measure of the offence. 7 And he shall pray for him before the Lord: and he shall have forgiveness for everything in doing of which he has sinned. 8 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 9 Command Aaron and his sons: This is the law of a holocaust. It shall be burnt upon the altar, all night until morning: the fire shall be of the same altar. 10 The priest shall be vested with the tunick and the linen breeches; and he shall take up the ashes of that which the devouring fire has burnt: and putting them beside the altar, 11 shall put off his former vestments, and being clothed with others, shall carry them forth without the camp, and shall cause them to be consumed to dust in a very clean place. 12 And the fire on the altar shall always burn, and the priest shall feed it, putting wood on it every day in the morning: and laying on the holocaust, shall burn thereupon the fat of the peace offerings. 13 This is the perpetual fire which shall never go out on the altar. 14 This is the law of the sacrifice and libations, which the children of Aaron shall offer before the Lord, and before the altar. 15 The priest shall take a handful of the flour that is tempered with oil, and all the frankincense that is put upon the flour: and he shall burn on the altar for a memorial of most sweet odour to the Lord. 16 And the part of the flour that is left, Aaron and his sons shall eat, without leaven: and he shall eat it in the holy place of the court of the tabernacle. 17 And therefore it shall not be leavened, because part thereof is offered for the burnt sacrifice of the Lord. It shall be most holy, as that which is offered for sin and for trespass. 18 The males only of the race of Aaron shall eat it. It shall be an ordinance everlasting in your generations concerning the sacrifices of the Lord: Every one that touches them shall be sanctified. 19 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 20 This is the oblation of Aaron, and of his sons, which they must offer to the Lord, in the day of their anointing. They shall offer the tenth part of an ephi of flour for a perpetual sacrifice, half of it in the morning, and half of it in the evening. 21 It shall be tempered with oil, and shall be fried in a frying pan. 22 And the priest that rightfully succeeds his father, shall offer it hot, for a most sweet odour to the Lord: and it shall he wholly burnt on the altar. 23 For every sacrifice of the priest shall be consumed with fire: neither shall any man eat thereof. 24 And the Lord spoke to Moses. saying: 25 Say to Aaron and his sons: This is the law of the victim for sin. In the place where the holocaust is offered, it shall be immolated before the Lord. It is holy of holies. 26 The priest that offers it, shall eat it in a holy place, in the court of the tabernacle. 27 Whatsoever shall touch the flesh thereof, shall be sanctified. If a garment be sprinkled with the blood thereof, it shall be washed in a holy place. 28 And the earthen vessel, wherein it was sodden, shall be broken: but if the vessel be of brass, it shall be scoured, and washed with water. 29 Every male of the priestly race shall eat of the flesh thereof, because it is holy of holies. 30 For the victim that is slain for sin, the blood of which is carried into the tabernacle of the testimony to make atonement in the sanctuary, shall not be eaten, but shall be burnt with fire.
[The perpetual fire… This fire came from heaven (Leviticus 9:24), and was always kept burning on the altar, as a figure of the heavenly fire of divine love, which ought to be always burning in the heart of a Christian. (Challoner)]
This also is the law of the sacrifice for a trespass: it is most holy. 2 Therefore where the holocaust is immolated, the victim also for a trespass shall be slain: the blood thereof shall be poured round about the altar. 3 They shall offer thereof the rump and the fat that covers the entrails: 4 The two little kidneys, and the fat which is by the flanks, and the caul of the liver with the little kidneys. 5 And the priest shall burn them upon the altar: it is the burnt sacrifice of the Lord for a trespass. 6 Every male of the priestly race, shall eat this flesh in a holy place, because it is most holy. 7 As the sacrifice for sin is offered, so is also that for a trespass: the same shall be the law of both these sacrifices. It shall belong to the priest that offers it. 8 The priest that offers the victim of holocaust, shall have the skin thereof. 9 And every sacrifice of flour that is baked in the oven, and whatsoever is dressed on the gridiron, or in the frying pan, shall be the priest’s that offers it. 10 Whether they be tempered with oil, or dry, all the sons of Aaron shall have one as much as another. 11 This is the law of the sacrifice of peace offerings that is offered to the Lord. 12 If the oblation be for thanksgiving, they shall offer loaves without leaven tempered with oil, and unleavened wafers anointed with oil, and fine flour fried, and cakes tempered and mingled with oil.
13 Moreover loaves of leavened bread with the sacrifice of thanks, which is offered for peace offerings: 14 Of which one shall be offered to the Lord for firstfruits, and shall be the priest’s that shall pour out the blood of the victim. 15 And the flesh of it shall be eaten the same day: neither shall any of it remain until the morning. 16 If any man by vow, or of his own accord offer a sacrifice, it shall in like manner be eaten the same day. And if any of it remain until the morrow, it is lawful to eat it. 17 But whatsoever shall be found on the third day shall be consumed with fire. 18 If any man eat of the flesh of the victim of peace offerings on the third day, the oblation shall be of no effect: neither shall it profit the offerer. Yea rather, whatsoever soul shall defile itself with such meat, shall be guilty of transgression. 19 The flesh that has touched any unclean thing, shall not be eaten: but shall be burnt with fire. He that is clean shall eat of it. 20 If any one that is defiled shall eat of the flesh of the sacrifice of peace offerings, which is offered to the Lord, he shall be cut off from his people. 21 And he that has touched the uncleanness of man, or of beast, or of anything that can defile, and shall eat of such kind of flesh: shall be cut off from his people. 22 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 23 Say to the children of Israel: The fat of a sheep, and of an ox, and of a goat you shall not eat. 24 The fat of a carcass that has died of itself, and of
a beast that was caught by another beast, you shall have for divers uses. 25 If any man eat the fat that should be offered for the burnt sacrifice of the Lord, he shall perish out of his people. 26 Moreover you shall not eat the blood of any creature whatsoever, whether of birds or beasts. 27 Every one that eats blood, shall perish from among the people. 28 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 29 Speak to the children of Israel, saying: He that offers
a victim of peace offerings to the Lord, let him offer therewith a sacrifice also, that is, the libations thereof. 30 He shall hold in his hands the fat of the victim, and the breast. And when he has offered and consecrated both to the Lord, he shall deliver them to the priest, 31 who shall burn the fat upon the altar. But the breast shall be Aaron’s and his sons’.
32 The right shoulder also of the victim, of peace offerings shall fall to the priest for firstfruits. 33 He among the sons of Aaron, that offers the blood, and the fat: he shall have the right shoulder also for his portion. 34 For the breast that is elevated and the shoulder that is separated I have taken of the children of Israel, from off their victims of peace offerings: and have given them to Aaron the priest, and to his sons, by a law for ever, from all the people of Israel. 35 This is the anointing of Aaron and his sons, in the ceremonies of the Lord, in the day when Moses offered them, that they might do the office of priesthood, 36 and the things that the Lord commanded to be given them by the children of Israel, by a perpetual observance in their generations. 37 This is the law of holocaust, and of the sacrifice for sin, and for trespass, and for consecration, and the victims of peace offerings: 38 Which the Lord appointed to Moses in mount Sinai, when he commanded the children of Israel, that they should offer their oblations to the Lord in the desert of Sinai.
[Trespass… Trespasses, for which these offerings were to be made, were lesser offences than those for which the sin offerings were appointed. (Challoner)]
Leviticus 9, 6 – 23
6 Moses said: This is the word, which the Lord has commanded. Do it, and his glory will appear to you. 7 And he said to Aaron: Approach to the altar, and offer sacrifice for your sin. Offer the holocaust, and pray for yourself and for the people: and when you have slain the people’s victim, pray for them, as the Lord has commanded. 8 And forthwith Aaron, approaching to the altar, immolated the calf for his sin. 9 And his sons brought him the blood of it: and he dipped his finger therein, and touched the horns of the altar, and poured the rest at the foot thereof. 10 And the fat, and the little kidneys, and the caul of the liver, which are for sin, he burnt upon the altar, as the Lord had commanded Moses. 11 But the flesh and skins thereof he burnt with fire without the camp. 12 He immolated also the victim of holocaust: and his sons brought him the blood thereof, which he poured round about on the altar. 13 And the victim being cut into pieces, they brought to him the head and all the members: all which he burnt with fire upon the altar. 14 Having first washed the entrails and the feet with water. 15 Then offering for the sin of the people, he slew the he goat: and expiating the altar, 16 he offered the holocaust. 17 Adding in the sacrifice the libations, which are offered withal, and burning them upon the altar, besides the ceremonies of the morning holocaust. 18 He immolated also the bullock and the ram, and peace offerings of the people: and his sons brought him the blood, which he poured upon the altar round about. 19 The fat also of the bullock, and the rump of the ram, and the two little kidneys with their fat, and the caul of the liver, 20 they put upon the breasts. And after the fat was burnt upon the altar, 21 Aaron separated their breasts, and the right shoulders, elevating them before the Lord, as Moses had commanded. 22 And stretching forth his hands to the people, he blessed them. And so the victims for sin, and the holocausts, and the peace offerings being finished, he came down. 23 And Moses and Aaron went into the tabernacle of the testimony, and afterwards came forth and blessed the people. And the glory of the Lord appeared to all the multitude.
Leviticus 10, 1 nn
nd Nadab and Abiu, the sons of Aaron, taking their censers, put fire therein, and incense on it, offering before the Lord strange fire: which was not commanded them. 2 And fire coming out from the Lord destroyed them: and they died before the Lord. 3 And Moses said to Aaron: This is what the Lord has spoken. I will be sanctified in them that approach to me: and I will be glorified in the sight of all the people. And when Aaron heard this, he held his peace.
Leviticus 12 – 15
And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 2 Speak to the children of Israel, and you shall say to them: If a woman having received seed shall bear a man child, she shall be unclean seven days, according to the days of separation of her flowers. 3 And on the eighth day the infant shall be circumcised: 4 But she shall remain three and thirty days in the blood of her purification. She shall touch no holy thing: neither shall she enter into the sanctuary, until the days of her purification, be fulfilled. 5 But if she shall bear a maid child, she shall be unclean two weeks, according to the custom of her monthly courses. And she shall remain in the blood of her purification sixty-six days. 6 And when the days of her purification are expired, for a son, or for a daughter, she shall bring to the door of the tabernacle of the testimony, a lamb of a year old for a holocaust, and a young pigeon or a turtle for sin: and shall deliver them to the priest. 7 Who shall offer them before the Lord, and shall pray for her: and so she shall be cleansed from the issue of her blood. This is the law for her that bears a man child or a maid child. 8 And if her hand find not sufficiency, and she is not able to offer a lamb, she shall take two turtles, or two young pigeons, one for a holocaust, and another for sin: and the priest shall pray for her, and so she shall be cleansed.
And the Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying: 2 The man in whose skin or flesh shall arise a different colour or a blister, or as it were something shining, that is the stroke of the leprosy, shall be brought to Aaron the priest, or any or of his sons. 3 And if he see the leprosy in his skin, and the hair turned white and the place where the leprosy appears lower than the skin and the rest of the flesh: it is the stroke of the leprosy, and upon his judgment he shall be separated. But if there be a shining whiteness in the skin, and not lower than the other flesh, and the hair be of the former colour, the priest shall shut him up seven days. 5 And the seventh day he shall look on him: and if the leprosy be grown no farther, and has not spread itself in the skin, he shall shut him up again other seven days.
6 And on the seventh day, he shall look on him. If the leprosy be somewhat obscure, and not spread in the skin, he shall declare him clean, because it is but a scab: and the man shall wash his clothes, and shall be clean. 7 But, if the leprosy grow again, after he was seen by the priest and restored to cleanness, he shall be brought to him: 8 And shall be condemned of uncleanness. 9 If the stroke of the leprosy be in a man, he shall be brought to the priest: 10 And he shall view him. And when there shall be a white colour in the skin, and it shall have changed the look of the hair, and the living flesh itself shall appear: 11 It shall be judged an inveterate leprosy, and grown into the skin. The priest therefore shall declare him unclean: and shall not shut him up, because he is evidently unclean. 12 But if the leprosy spring out running about in the skin, and cover all the skin from the head to the feet, whatsoever falls under the sight of the eyes: 13 The priest shall view him, and shall judge that the leprosy which he has is very clean: because it is all turned into whiteness, and therefore the man shall be clean. 14 But when the live flesh shall appear in him:
15 Then by the judgment of the priest he shall be defiled, and shall be reckoned among the unclean. For live flesh, if it be spotted with leprosy, is unclean. 16 And if again it be turned into whiteness, and cover all the man: 17 The priest shall view him, and shall judge him to be clean. 18 When also there has been an ulcer in the flesh and the skin, and it has been healed: 19 And in the place of the ulcer, there appears a white scar, or somewhat red, the man shall be brought to the priest. 20 And when he shall see the place of the leprosy lower than the other flesh, and the hair turned white: he shall declare him unclean, for the plague of leprosy is broken out in the ulcer. 21 But if the hair be of the former colour, and the scar somewhat obscure, and be not lower than the flesh that is near it: he shall shut him up seven days. 22 And if it spread, he shall judge him to have the leprosy: 23 But if it stay in its place, it is but the scar of an ulcer: and the man shall be clean. 24 The flesh also and skin that has been burnt, and after it is healed has a white or a red scar: 25 The priest shall view it, and if he see it turned white, and the place thereof is lower than the other skin: he shall declare him unclean, because the evil of leprosy is broken out in the scar. 26 But if the colour of the hair be not changed, nor the blemish lower than the other flesh, and the appearance of the leprosy be somewhat obscure: he shall shut him up seven days, 27 and on the seventh day he shall view him. If the leprosy be grown farther in the skin, he shall declare him unclean. 28 But if the whiteness stay in its place, and be not very clear, it is the sore of a burning: and therefore he shall be cleansed, because it is only the scar of
a burning. 29 If the leprosy break out in the head or the beard of a man or woman, the priest shall see them, 30 and if the place be lower than the other flesh, and the hair yellow, and thinner than usual: he shall declare them unclean, because it is the leprosy of the head and the beard; 31 but if he perceive the place of the spot is equal with the flesh that is near it, and the hair black: he shall shut him up seven days, 32 and on the seventh day he shall look upon it. If the spot be not grown, and the hair keep its colour, and the place of the blemish be even with the other flesh: 33 The man shall be shaven all but the place of the spot: and he shall be shut up other seven days. 34 If on the seventh day the evil seem to have stayed in its place, and not lower than the other flesh, he shall cleanse him: and his clothes being washed he shall be clean. 35 But if after his cleansing the spot spread again in the skin: 36 He shall seek no more whether the hair be turned yellow, because he is evidently unclean. 37 But if the spot be stayed, and the hair be black, let him know that the man is healed: and let him confidently pronounce him clean. 38 If a whiteness appear in the skin of a man or a woman, 39 the priest shall view them. If he find that a darkish whiteness shines in the skin, let him know that it is not the leprosy, but a white blemish, and that the man is clean. 40 The man whose hair falls off from his head, he is bald and clean: 41 And if the hair fall from his forehead, he is bald before and clean. 42 But if in the bald head or in the bald forehead there be risen a white or reddish colour: 43 And the priest perceive this, he shall condemn him undoubtedly of leprosy which is risen in the bald part. 44 Now whosoever shall be defiled with the leprosy, and is separated by the judgment of the priest: 45 Shall have his clothes hanging loose, his head bare, his mouth covered with a cloth: and he shall cry out that he is defiled and unclean. 46 All the time that he is a leper and unclean he shall dwell alone without the camp. 47 A woollen or linen garment that shall have the leprosy 48 in the warp, and the woof: or skin, or whatsoever is made of a skin: 49 If it be infected with a white or red spot, it shall be accounted the leprosy, and shall be shown to the priest. 50 And he shall look upon it and shall shut it up seven days. 51 And on the seventh day when he looks on it again, if he find that it is grown, it is a fixed leprosy. He shall judge the garment unclean, and everything wherein it shall be found. 52 And therefore it shall be burnt with fire. 53 But if he see that it is not grown, 54 he shall give orders, and they shall wash that part wherein the leprosy is: and he shall shut it up other seven days. 55 And when he shall see that the former colour is not returned, nor yet the leprosy spread, he shall judge it unclean: and shall burn it with fire, for the leprosy has taken hold of the outside of the garment, or through the whole. 56 But if the place of the leprosy be somewhat dark, after the garment is washed, he shall tear it off, and divide it from that which is sound. 57 And if after this there appear in those places that before were without spot, a flying and wandering leprosy: it must be burnt with fire. 58 If it cease, he shall wash with water the parts that are pure, the second time: and they shall be clean.
59 This is the law touching the leprosy of any woollen or linen garment, either in the warp or woof, or anything of skins: how it ought to be cleaned, or pronounced unclean.
And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 2 This is the rite of a leper, when he is to be cleansed. He shall be brought to the priest: 3 Who going out of the camp, when he shall find that the leprosy is cleansed, 4 shall command him that is to be purified, to offer for himself two living sparrows, which it is lawful to eat, and cedar wood, and scarlet, and hyssop.
5 And he shall command one of the sparrows to be immolated in an earthen vessel over living waters. 6 But the other that is alive, he shall dip, with the cedar wood, and the scarlet and the hyssop, in the blood of the sparrow that is immolated: 7 Wherewith he shall sprinkle him that is to be cleansed seven times, that he may be rightly purified. And he shall let go the living sparrow, that it may fly into the field. 8 And when the man has washed his clothes, he shall shave all the hair of his body, and shall be washed with water: and being purified he shall enter into the camp, yet so that he tarry without his own tent seven days. 9 And on the seventh day he shall shave the hair of his head, and his beard and his eyebrows, and the hair of all his body. And having washed again his clothes, and his body, 10 on the eighth day, he shall take two lambs without blemish, and an ewe of a year old without blemish, and three tenths of flour tempered with oil for a sacrifice, and
a sextary of oil apart. 11 And when the priest that purifies the man, has presented him, and all these things before the Lord, at the door of the tabernacle of the testimony: 12 He shall take a lamb, and offer it for a trespass offering with the sextary of oil. And having offered all before the Lord, 13 he shall immolate the lamb, where the victim for sin is wont to be immolated, and the holocaust, that is, in the holy place. For as that which is for sin, so also the victim for a trespass offering pertains to the priest: it is holy of holies. 14 And the priest taking of the blood of the victim that was immolated for trespass, shall put it upon the tip of the right ear of him that is cleansed, and upon the thumb of his right hand and the great toe of his right foot. 15 And he shall pour of the sextary of oil into his own left hand, 16 and shall dip his right finger in it, and sprinkle it before the Lord seven times. 17 And the rest of the oil in his left hand, he shall pour upon the tip of the right ear of him that is cleansed, and upon the thumb of his right hand and the great toe of his right foot, and upon the blood that was shed for trespass: 18 And upon his head. 19 And he shall pray for him before the Lord, and shall offer the sacrifice for sin. Then shall he immolate the holocaust. 20 And put it on the altar with the libations thereof: and the man shall be rightly cleansed. 21 But if he be poor, and his hand cannot find the things aforesaid: he shall take a lamb for an offering for trespass, that the priest may pray for him, and a tenth part of flour tempered with oil for
a sacrifice, and a sextary of oil: 22 And two turtles or two young pigeons, of which one may be for sin, and the other for a holocaust. 23 And he shall offer them on the eighth day of his purification to the priest, at the door of the tabernacle of the testimony before the Lord.
24 And the priest receiving the lamb for trespass, and the sextary of oil, shall elevate them together. 25 And the lamb being immolated, he shall put of the blood thereof upon the tip of the right ear of him that is cleansed, and upon the thumb of his right hand, and the great toe of his right foot. 26 But he shall pour part of the oil into his own left hand, 27 and dipping the finger of his right hand in it, he shall sprinkle it seven times before the Lord.
28 And he shall touch the tip of the right ear of him that is cleansed, and the thumb of his right hand and the great toe of his right foot, in the place of the blood that was shed for trespass. 29 And the other part of the oil that is in his left hand, he shall pour upon the head of the purified person, that he may appease the Lord for him. 30 And he shall offer
a turtle, or young pigeon: 31 One for trespass, and the other for a holocaust, with their libations. 32 This is the sacrifice of a leper, that is not able to have all things that appertain to his cleansing. 33 And the Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying: 34 When you shall come into the land of Chanaan, which I will give you for a possession, if there be the plague or leprosy in a house: 35 He whose house it is, shall go and tell the priest, saying: It seems to me, that there is the plague of leprosy in my house, 36 and he shall command, that they carry forth all things out of the house, before he go into it, and see whether it have the leprosy, let all things become unclean that are in the house. And afterwards he shall go in to view the leprosy of the house. 37 And if he see in the walls thereof as it were little dints, disfigured with paleness or redness, and lower than all he rest: 38 He shall go out of the door of the house, and forthwith shut it up seven days, 39 and returning on the seventh day, he shall look upon it. If he find that the leprosy is spread, 40 he shall command, that the stones wherein the leprosy is, be taken out, and cast without the city into an unclean place: 41 And that the house be scraped on the inside round about, and the dust of the scrapings be scattered without the city into an unclean place: 42 And that other stones be laid in the place of them that were taken away, and the house be plastered with other mortar. 43 But if after the stones be taken out, and the dust scraped off, and it be plastered with other earth. 44 The priest going in perceive that the leprosy is returned, and the walls full of spots, it is a lasting leprosy, and the house is unclean. 45 And they shall destroy it forthwith, and shall cast the stones and timber thereof, and all the dust without the town into an unclean place. 46 He that enters into the house when it is shut, shall be unclean until evening, 47 and he that sleeps in it, and eats anything, shall wash his clothes. 48 But if the priest going in perceive that the leprosy is not spread in the house, after it was plastered again, he shall purify it, it being cured. 49 And for the purification thereof he shall take two sparrows, and cedar wood, and scarlet, and hyssop. 50 And having immolated one sparrow in an earthen vessel, over living waters, 51 he shall take the cedar wood, and the hyssop, and the scarlet, and the living sparrow, and shall dip all in the blood of the sparrow that is immolated, and in the living water: and he shall sprinkle the house seven times.
52 And shall purify it as well with the blood of the sparrow, as with the living water, and with the living sparrow, and with the cedar wood, and the hyssop, and the scarlet. 53 And when he has let go the sparrow to fly freely away into the field, he shall pray for the house: and it shall be rightly cleansed. 54 This is the law of every kind of leprosy and stroke. 55 Of the leprosy of garments and houses, 56 of a scar and of blisters breaking out of a shining spot, and when the colours are diversely changed: 57 That it may be known when a thing is clean or unclean.
[* Living waters… That is, waters taken from a spring, brook, or river. (Challoner)
* A sextary… Hebrew log: a measure of liquids, which was the twelfth part of a hin; and held about as much as six eggs. (Challoner)
* Taking of the blood, etc… These ceremonies used in the cleansing of a leper, were mysterious and very significative. The sprinkling seven times with the blood of the little bird, the washing himself and his clothes, the shaving his hair and his beard, signify the means which are to be used in the reconciliation of a sinner, and the steps by which he is to return to God, viz., by the repeated application of the blood of Christ: the washing his conscience with the waters of compunction: and retrenching all vanities and superfluities, by employing all that is over and above what is necessary in alms deeds. The sin offering, and the holocaust or burnt offering, which he was to offer at his cleansing, signify the sacrifice of a contrite and humble heart, and that of adoration in spirit and truth, with gratitude and thankfulness, for the forgiveness of sins, with which we are ever to appear before the Almighty. The touching the right ear, the thumb of the right hand, and the great toe of the right foot, first with the blood of the victim, and then with the remainder of the oil, which had been sprinkled seven times before the Lord, signify the application of the blood of Christ, and the unction of the sevenfold grace of the Holy Ghost; to the sinner’s right ear, that he may duly hearken to and obey the law of God; and to his right hand and foot, that the works of his hands, and all the steps or affections of his soul, signified by the feet, may be rightly directed to God. (Challoner)]
Leviticus 22, 31 nn
31 Keep my commandments, and do them. I am the Lord. 32 Profane not my holy name, that I may be sanctified in the midst of the children of Israel. I am the Lord who sanctify you: 33 And who brought you out of the land of Egypt, that I might be your God. I am the Lord.
Deuteronomy 20, 12
12 But if they will not make peace, and shall begin war against you, you shall besiege it.
1 Samuel 2, 17
17 Wherefore the sin of the young men was exceeding great before the Lord: because they withdrew men from the sacrifice of the Lord.
1 Samuel 3, 11 nn
11 And the Lord said to Samuel: Behold I do a thing in Israel: and whosoever shall hear it, both his ears shall tingle. 12 In that day I will raise up against Heli all the things I have spoken concerning his house: I will begin, and I will make an end. 13 For I have foretold unto him, that I will judge his house for ever, for iniquity, because he knew that his sons did wickedly, and did not chastise them.
1 Kings 8, 10 nn
10 And it came to pass, when the priests had come out of the sanctuary, that a cloud filled the house of the Lord, 11 and the priests could not stand to minister because of the cloud: for the glory of the Lord had filled the house of the Lord. 12 Then Solomon said: The Lord said that he would dwell in a cloud.
Psalm 99, 3 – 9
3 Let them give praise to your great name: for it is terrible and holy: 4 And the king’s honour loves judgment. You have prepared directions: you have done judgment and justice in Jacob. 5 Exalt the Lord our God, and adore his footstool, for it is holy. 6 Moses and Aaron among his priests: and Samuel among them that call upon his name. They called upon the Lord, and he heard them: 7 He spoke to them in the pillar of the cloud. They kept his testimonies, and the commandment which he gave them. 8 You heard them, O Lord our God: you were a merciful God to them, and taking vengeance on all their inventions.
9 Exalt the Lord our God, and adore at his holy mountain: for the Lord our God is holy.
[* Loves judgment… Requires discretion. — Ibid. (Challoner)
* Directions… Most right and just laws to direct men. (Challoner)
* Adore his footstool… The ark of the covenant was called, in the Old Testament, God’s footstool: over which he was understood to sit, on his propitiatory, or mercy seat, as on
a throne, between the wings of the cherubims, in the sanctuary: to which the children of Israel paid a great veneration. But as this psalm evidently relates to Christ, and the New Testament, where the ark has no place, the holy fathers understand this text, of the worship paid by the Church to the body and blood of Christ in the sacred mysteries: inasmuch as the humanity of Christ is, as it were, the footstool of the divinity. So
St. Ambrose, L. 3. De Spiritu Sancto, c. 12. And St. Augustine upon this psalm. (Challoner)
* Moses and Aaron among his priests… By this it is evident, that Moses also was a priest, and indeed the chief priest, inasmuch as he consecrated Aaron, and offered sacrifice for him. Leviticus 8. So that his pre-eminence over Aaron makes nothing for lay church headship. (Challoner)
* All their inventions… that is, all the enterprises of their enemies against them, as in the case of Core, Dathan, and Abiron. (Challoner)]
Isaiah 8, 13
13 Sanctify the Lord of hosts himself: and let him be your fear, and let him be your dread.
LEDNICA - Bless the Lord (Psalm 34) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jHX3hW-43S0&playnext=1&list=PLE2515475E868E53B