III. HOLY – GOD sanctifies, shares His holiness.

18 Jun
Torah inside of the former Glockengasse synago...

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The holiness and devotion to God.
Giving the liturgical – cultical rules and revealing in this way His holiness, God has reserved the some space for Himselves
(eg. shrines), people (like the priests and prophets), items (eg. clothing), time (eg. the Sabbath). All of this was devoted to God in a specially set rituals, and thus excluded from normal use (eg. life of priests was governed by the very detailed regulations).
Sanctity of these things is different because of the degree of relationship with God.
The holiness of the people, things, etc. is not the same kind as the holiness of God.
Holiness is not achieved automatically, as a result of contact with God, but it is the result of free decision of God, in accordance with His law and according to the rites laid down by Him.

Holy people.
Selected from among the nations, Israel became the special property of God. Led unexplained love, God is alive and walking among His people, is revealed to them.
To sanctify the people, the Lord announces the law; power of the people lies not in the armed legions and clever diplomacy, but by faith in Yahweh. It is He who gives the people of invincible confidence.


Exodus 33, 12 – 17
12 And Moses said to the Lord: You command me to lead forth this people; and you do not let me know whom you will send with me, especially whereas you have said: I know you by name, and you have found favour in my sight. 13 If therefore I have found favour in your sight, show me your face, that I may know you, and may find grace before your eyes: look upon your people this nation. 14 And the Lord said: My face shall go before you, and I will give you rest. 15 And Moses said: If you yourself do not go before, bring us not out of this place. 16 For how shall we be able to know, I and your people, that we have found grace in your sight, unless you walk with us, that we may be glorified by all people that dwell upon the earth? 17 And the Lord said to Moses: This word also, which you have spoken, will I do; for you have found grace before me, and you I have known by name.

[I know thee by name… In the language of the scriptures, God is said to know such as he approves and loves: and to know by name, those whom he favours in a most singular manner, as he did his servant Moses. (Challoner)]

Leviticus 11, 31
31 All these are unclean. He that touches their carcasses shall be unclean until the evening.

Leviticus 15, 4 – 27
4 Every bed on which he sleeps, shall be unclean, and every place on which he sits. 5 If any man touch his bed, he shall wash his clothes and being washed with water, he shall be unclean until the evening. 6 If a man sit where that man has sitten, he also shall wash his clothes: and being washed with water, shall be unclean until the evening. 7 He that touches his flesh, shall wash his clothes: and being himself washed with water shall be unclean until the evening. 8 If such a man cast his spittle upon him that is clean, he shall wash his clothes: and being washed with water, he shall be unclean until the evening.
9 The saddle on which he has sitten shall be unclean. 10 And whatsoever has been under him that has the issue of seed, shall be unclean until the evening. He that carries any of these things, shall wash his clothes: and being washed with water, he shall be unclean until the evening. 11 Every person whom such a one shall touch, not having washed his hands before, shall wash his clothes: and being washed with water, shall be unclean until the evening. 12 If he touch a vessel of earth, it shall be broken: but if a vessel of wood, it shall be washed with water. 13 If he who suffers this disease be healed, he shall number seven days after his cleansing: and having washed his clothes, and all his body in living water, he shall be clean. 14 And on the eighth day he shall take two turtles, or two young pigeons, and he shall come before the Lord, to the door of the tabernacle of the testimony, and shall give them to the priest. 15 Who shall offer one for sin, and the other for a holocaust: and he shall pray for him before the Lord, that he may be cleansed of the issue of his seed. 16 The man from whom the seed of copulation goes out, shall wash all his body with water: and he shall be unclean until the evening. 17 The garment or skin that he wears, he shall wash with water: and it shall be unclean until the evening. 18 The woman, with whom he copulates, shall be washed with water: and shall be unclean until the evening. 19 The woman, who at the return of the month, has her issue of blood, shall be separated seven days. 20 Every one that touches her, shall be unclean until the evening. 21 And everything that she sleeps on, or that she sits on in the days of her separation, shall be defiled. 22 He that touches her bed shall wash his clothes: and being himself washed with water, shall be unclean until the evening. 23 Whosoever shall touch any vessel on which she sits, shall wash his clothes: and himself being washed with water, shall be defiled until the evening. 24 If a man copulates with her in the time of her flowers, he shall be unclean seven days: and every bed on which he shall sleep, shall be defiled. 25 The woman that has still issue of blood many days out of her ordinary time, or that ceases not to flow after the monthly courses, as long as she is subject to this disease, shall be unclean, in the same manner as if she were in her flowers. 26 Every bed on which she sleeps, and every vessel on which she sits, shall be defiled. 27 Whosoever touches them shall wash his clothes: and himself being washed with water, shall be unclean until the evening.

Leviticus 16, 1 – 16
And the Lord spoke to Moses, after the death of the two sons of Aaron when they were slain upon their offering strange fire: 2 And he commanded him, saying: Speak to Aaron your brother, that he enter not at all into the sanctuary, which is within the veil before the propitiatory, with which the ark is covered, lest he die, (for I will appear in a cloud over the oracle), 3 unless he first do these things. He shall offer a calf for sin, and a ram for a holocaust. 4 He shall be vested with a linen tunick: he shall cover his nakedness with linen breeches: he shall be girded with a linen girdle, and he shall put a linen mitre upon his head. For these are holy vestments: all which he shall put on, after he is washed. 5 And he shall receive from the whole multitude of the children of Israel two buck goats for sin, and one ram for a holocaust. 6 And when he has offered the cattle and prayed for himself and for his own house: 7 He shall make the two buck goats to stand before the Lord in the door of the tabernacle of the testimony. 8 And casting lots upon them both, one to be offered to the Lord, and the other to be the emissary goat: 9 That whose lot fell to be offered to the Lord, he shall offer for sin. 10 But that whose lot was to be the emissary goat, he shall present before the Lord, that he may pour prayers upon him, and let him go into the wilderness. 11 After these things are duly celebrated, he shall offer the calf: and praying for himself and for his own house, he shall immolate it. 12 And taking the censer, which he has filled with the burning coals of the altar, and taking up with his hands the compounded perfume for incense, he shall go in within the veil into the holy place: 13 That when the perfumes are put upon the fire, the cloud and vapour thereof may cover the oracle, which is over the testimony, and he may not die. 14 He shall take also of the blood of the calf, and sprinkle with his finger seven times towards the propitiatory to the east.
15 And when he has killed the buck goat for the sin of the people, he shall carry in the blood thereof within the veil, as he was commanded to do with the blood of the calf, that he may sprinkle it over against the oracle: 16 And may expiate the sanctuary from the uncleanness of the children of Israel, and from their transgressions, and all their sins. According to this rite shall he do to the tabernacle of the testimony, which is fixed among them in the midst of the filth of their habitation.

[Enter not… No one but the high priest, and he but once a year, could enter into the sanctuary; to signify that no one could enter into the sanctuary of heaven, till Christ our high priest opened it by his passion. Hebrews 10:8. (Challoner)]

Leviticus 21
The Lord said also to Moses: Speak to the priests the sons of Aaron, and you shall say for them: Let not a priest incur an uncleanness at the death of his citizens. 2 But only for his kin, such as are near in blood: that is to say, for his father and for his mother, and for his son, and for his daughter, for his brother also: 3 And for a maiden sister, who has had no husband. 4 But not even for the prince of his people shall he do anything that may make him unclean. 5 Neither shall they shave their head, nor their beard, nor make incisions in their flesh. 6 They shall be holy to their God, and shall not profane his name. For they offer the burnt offering of the Lord, and the bread of their God: and therefore they shall be holy. 7 They shall not take to wife a harlot or a vile prostitute, nor one that has been put away from her husband: because they are consecrated to their God, 8 and offer the loaves of proposition. Let them therefore be holy because I also am holy: the Lord, who sanctify them. 9 If the daughter of a priest be taken in whoredom and dishonour the name of her father, she shall be burnt with fire. 10 The high priest, that is to say, the priest who is the greatest among his brethren, upon whose head the oil of unction has been poured; and whose hands have been consecrated for the priesthood; and who has been vested with the holy vestments. He shall not uncover his head: he shall not rend his garments. 11 Nor shall he go in at all to any dead person: not even for his father, or his mother, shall he be defiled. 12 Neither shall he go out of the holy places, lest he defile the sanctuary of the Lord: because the oil of the holy unction of his God is upon him. I am the Lord. 13 He shall take
a virgin unto his wife. 14 But a widow or one that is divorced, or defiled, or a harlot, he shall not take: but a maid of his own people. 15 He shall not mingle the stock of his kindred with the common people of this nation: for I am the Lord who sanctify him. 16 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 17 Say to Aaron: Whosoever of your seed throughout their families, has a blemish, he shall not offer bread to his God. 18 Neither shall he approach to minister to him: If he be blind; if he be lame; if he have a little, or a great, or a crooked nose; 19 if his foot, or if his hand be broken; 20 if he be crookbacked; or blear eyed; or have a pearl in his eye, or a continual scab, or a dry scurf in his body, or a rupture.
21 Whosoever of the seed of Aaron the priest has a blemish: he shall not approach to offer sacrifices to the Lord, nor bread to his God. 22 He shall eat nevertheless of the loaves that are offered in the sanctuary. 23 Yet so that he enter not within the veil, nor approach to the altar: because he has a blemish, and he must not defile my sanctuary. I am the Lord who sanctify them. 24 Moses, therefore spoke to Aaron, and to his sons and to all Israel, all the things that had been commanded him.

[An uncleanness… Viz., such as was contracted in laying out the dead body, or touching it; or in going into the house, or assisting at the funeral, etc. (Challoner)]

Leviticus 23, 31 – 33
31 You shall do no work therefore on that day: it shall be an everlasting ordinance unto you in all your generations, and dwellings. 32 It is a sabbath of rest, and you shall afflict your souls beginning on the ninth day of the month. From evening until evening you shall celebrate your sabbaths. 33 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: (34)

Numbers 4, 1. 20
1 And the Lord spoke to Moses, and Aaron, saying: (2)
20 Let not others by any curiosity see the things that are in the sanctuary before they be wrapped up, otherwise they shall die.

Deuteronomy 7, 1 – 6
1 When the Lord your God shall have brought you into the land, which you are going in to possess, and shall have destroyed many nations before you, the Hethite, and the Gergezite, and the Amorrhite, and the Chanaanite, and the Pherezite, and the Hevite, and the Jebusite, seven nations much more numerous than you are, and stronger than you: 2 And the Lord your God shall have delivered them to you, you shall utterly destroy them. You shall make no league with them, nor show mercy to them: 3 Neither shall you make marriages with them. You shall not give your daughter to his son, nor take his daughter for your son: 4 For she will turn away your son from following me, that he may rather serve strange gods, and the wrath of the Lord will be kindled, and will quickly destroy you. 5 But thus rather shall you deal with them: Destroy their altars, and break their statues, and cut down their groves, and burn their graven things. 6 Because you are a holy people to the Lord your God. The Lord your God has chosen you, to be his peculiar people of all peoples that are upon the earth.

Job 15, 15
15 Behold among his saints none is unchangeable, and the heavens are not pure in his sight.

Isaiah 7, 9
9 And the head of Ephraim is Samaria, and the head of Samaria is the son of Romelia. If you will not believe, you shall not continue.

Isaiah 41, 14 – 20
14 Fear not, you worm of Jacob, you that are dead of Israel: I have helped you, says the Lord: and your Redeemer the Holy One of Israel. 15 I have made you as a new thrashing wain, with teeth like a saw: you shall thrash the mountains, and break them in pieces: and shall make the hills as chaff. 16 You shall fan them, and the wind shall carry them away, and the whirlwind shall scatter them: and you shall rejoice in the Lord, in the Holy One of Israel you shall be joyful. 17 The needy and the poor seek for waters, and there are none: their tongue has been dry with thirst. I the Lord will hear them, I the God of Israel will not forsake them. 18 I will open rivers in the high hills, and fountains in the midst of the plains: I will turn the desert into pools of waters, and the impassable land into streams of waters. 19 I will plant in the wilderness the cedar, and the thorn, and the myrtle, and the olive tree: I will set in the desert the fir tree, the elm, and the box tree together: 20 That they may see and know, and consider, and understand together that the hand of the Lord has done this, and the Holy One of Israel has created it.

Isaiah 43, 3 – 14
3 For I am the Lord your God, the Holy One of Israel, your Saviour: I have given Egypt for your atonement, Ethiopia and Saba for you. 4 Since you became honourable in my eyes, you are glorious: I have loved you, and I will give men for you, and people for your life.
5 Fear not, for I am with you: I will bring your seed from the east, and gather you from the west. 6 I will say to the north: Give up: and to the south: Keep not back: bring my sons from afar, and my daughters from the ends of the earth. 7 And every one that calls upon my name, I have created him for my glory. I have formed him, and made him. 8 Bring forth the people that are blind, and have eyes: that are deaf, and have ears. 9 All the nations are assembled together, and the tribes are gathered: who among you can declare this, and shall make us hear the former things? Let them bring forth their witnesses, let them be justified, and hear, and say: It is truth. 10 You are my witnesses, says the Lord, and my servant whom I have chosen: that you may know, and believe me, and understand that I myself am. Before me there was no God formed, and after me there shall be none.
11 I am, I am the Lord: and there is no saviour besides me. 12 I have declared, and have saved. I have made it heard, and there was no strange one among you. You are my witnesses, says the Lord, and I am God. 13 And from the beginning I am the same, and there is none that can deliver out of my hind: I will work, and who shall turn it away?
14 Thus says the Lord your redeemer, the Holy One of Israel: For your sake I sent to Babylon, and have brought down all their bars, and the Chaldeans glorying in their ships.

Isaiah 49, 7
7 Thus says the Lord the redeemer of Israel, his Holy One, to the soul that is despised, to the nation that is abhorred, to the servant of rulers: Kings shall see, and princes shall rise up, and adore for the Lord’s sake, because he is faithful, and for the Holy One of Israel, who has chosen you.

Isaiah 54, 1 – 5
1 Give praise, O you barren, that bear not: sing forth praise, and make a joyful noise, you that did not travail with child: for many are the children of the desolate, more than of her that has a husband, says the Lord. 2 Enlarge the place of your tent, and stretch out the skins of your tabernacles, spare not: lengthen your cords, and strengthen your stakes. 3 For you shall pass on to the right hand, and to the left: and your seed shall inherit the Gentiles, and shall inhabit the desolate cities. 4 Fear not, for you shall not be confounded, nor blush: for you shall not be put to shame, because you shall forget the shame of your youth, and shall remember no more the reproach of your widowhood. 5 For he that made you shall rule over you, the Lord of hosts is his name: and your Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel, shall be called the God of all the earth.

Isaiah 60, 9 – 14
9 For, the islands wait for me, and the ships of the sea in the beginning: that I may bring your sons from afar: their silver, and their gold with them, to the name of the Lord your God, and to the Holy One of Israel, because he has glorified you. 10 And the children of strangers shall build up your walls, and their kings shall minister to you: for in my wrath have I struck you, and in my reconciliation have I had mercy upon you. 11 And your gates shall be open continually: they shall not be shut day nor night, that the strength of the Gentiles may be brought to you, and their kings may be brought. 12 For the nation and the kingdom that will not serve you, shall perish: and the Gentiles shall be wasted with desolation. 13 The glory of Libanus shall come to you, the fir tree, and the box tree, and the pine tree together, to beautify the place of my sanctuary: and I will glorify the place of my feet. 14 And the children of them that afflict you, shall come bowing down to you, and all that slandered you shall worship the steps of your feet, and shall call you the city of the Lord, the Sion of the Holy One of Israel.

Ezekiel 1, 1 – 28
1 Now it came to pass in the thirtieth year, in the fourth month, on the fifth day of the month, when I was in the midst of the captives by the river Chobar, the heavens were opened, and I saw the visions of God. 2 On the fifth day of the month, the same was the fifth year of the captivity of King Joachin, 3 the word of the Lord came to Ezechiel the priest the son of Buzi in the land of the Chaldeans, by the river Chobar: and the hand of the Lord was there upon him. 4 And I saw, and behold a whirlwind came out of the north: and a great cloud, and a fire infolding it, and brightness was about it: and out of the midst thereof, that is, out of the midst of the fire, as it were the resemblance of amber: 5 And in the midst thereof the likeness of four living creatures: and this was their appearance: there was the likeness of a man in them. 6 Every one had four faces, and every one four wings.
7 Their feet were straight feet, and the sole of their foot was like the sole of a calf’s foot, and they sparkled like the appearance of glowing brass. 8 And they had the hands of a man under their wings on their four sides: and they had faces, and wings on the four sides,
9 and the wings of one were joined to the wings of another. They turned not when they went: but every one went straight forward. 10 And as for the likeness of their faces: there was the face of a man, and the face of a lion on the right side of all the four: and the face of an ox, on the left side of all the four: and the face of an eagle over all the four. 11 And their faces, and their wings were stretched upward: two wings of every one were joined, and two covered their bodies: 12 And every one of them went straight forward: whither the impulse of the spirit was to go, thither they went: and they turned not when they went. 13 And as for the likeness of the living creatures, their appearance was like that of burning coals of fire, and like the appearance of lamps. This was the vision running to and fro in the midst of the living creatures, a bright fire, and lightning going forth from the fire. 14 And the living creatures ran and returned like flashes of lightning. 15 Now as I beheld the living creatures, there appeared upon the earth by the living creatures one wheel with four faces. 16 And the appearance of the wheels, and the work of them was like the appearance of the sea: and the four had all one likeness: and their appearance and their work was as it were a wheel in the midst of a wheel. 17 When they went, they went by their four parts: and they turned not when they went. 18 The wheels had also a size, and a height, and a dreadful appearance: and the whole body was full of eyes round about all the four. 19 And, when the living creatures went, the wheels also went together by them: and when the living creatures were lifted up from the earth, the wheels also were lifted up with them.
20 Whithersoever the spirit went, thither as the spirit went the wheels also were lifted up withal, and followed it: for the spirit of life was in the wheels. 21 When those went these went, and when those stood these stood, and when those were lifted up from the earth, the wheels were lifted up together, and followed them: for the spirit of life was in the wheels. 22 And over the heads of the living creatures was the likeness of the firmament, the appearance of crystal terrible to behold, and stretched out over their heads above. 23 And under the firmament were their wings straight, the one toward the other, every one with two wings covered his body, and the other was covered in like manner. 24 And I heard the noise of their wings, like the noise of many waters, as it were the voice of the most high God: when they walked, it was like the voice of a multitude, like the noise of an army, and when they stood, their wings were let down. 25 For when a voice came from above the firmament, that was over their heads, they stood, and let down their wings. 26 And above the firmament that was over their heads, was the likeness of a throne, as the appearance of the sapphire stone, and upon the likeness of the throne, was the likeness of the appearance of a man above upon it. 27 And I saw as it were the resemblance of amber as the appearance of fire within it round about: from his loins and upward, and from his loins downward, I saw as it were the resemblance of fire shining round about. 28 As the appearance of the rainbow when it is in a cloud on a rainy day: this was the appearance of the brightness round about.

[* The thirtieth year… Either of the age of Ezechiel; or, as others will have it, from the solemn covenant made in the eighteenth year of the reign of Josias. 2 Kings 23. (Challoner)
* Living creatures… Cherubims (as appears from Sirach 49:10) represented to the prophet under these mysterious shapes, as supporting the throne of God, and as it were drawing his chariot. All this chapter appeared so obscure, and so full of mysteries to the ancient Hebrews, that, as we learn from St. Jerome (Ep. ad Paulin.), they suffered none to read it before they were thirty years old. (Challoner)
* When they went, they went by their four parts… That is, indifferently to any of their sides either forward or backward: to the right or to the left. (Challoner)]

Ezekiel 20, 12 – 24
12 Moreover I gave them also my sabbaths, to be a sign between me and them: and that they might know that I am the Lord that sanctify them. 13 But the house of Israel provoked me in the desert: they walked not in my statutes, and they cast away my judgments, which if a man do he shall live in them: and they grievously violated my sabbaths. I said therefore that I would pour out my indignation upon them in the desert, and would consume them. 14 But I spared them for the sake of my name, lest it should be profaned before the nations, from which I brought them out, in their sight. 15 So I lifted up my hand over them in the desert, not to bring them into the land which I had given them flowing with milk and honey, the best of all lands. 16 Because they cast off my judgments, and walked not in my statutes, and violated my sabbaths: for their heart went after idols. 17 Yet my eye spared them, so that I destroyed them not: neither did I consume them in the desert.
18 And I said to their children in the wilderness: Walk not in the statutes of your fathers, and observe not their judgments, nor be defiled with their idols: 19 I am the Lord your God: walk in my statutes, and observe my judgments, and do them. 20 And sanctify my sabbaths, that they may be a sign between me and you: and that you may know that I am the Lord your God. 21 But their children provoked me, they walked not in my commandments, nor observed my judgments to do them: which if a man do, he shall live in them: and they violated my sabbaths: and I threatened to pour out my indignation upon them, and to accomplish my wrath in them in the desert. 22 But I turned away my hand, and wrought for my name’s sake, that it might not be violated before the nations, out of which I brought them forth in their sight. 23 Again I lifted up my hand upon them in the wilderness, to disperse them among the nations, and scatter them through the countries: 24 Because they had not done my judgments, and had cast off my statutes, and had violated my sabbaths, and their eyes had been after the idols of their fathers.

Hosea 11, 9
9 I will not execute the fierceness of my wrath: I will not return to destroy Ephraim: because I am God, and not man: the holy one in the midst of you, and I will not enter into the city.


Your Love O' Lord


– Bible.
– Dictionary of Biblical Theology, p.974 – 975th.
– Internet.

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