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[English] Holy – Summary.

12 Feb
Česky: Klášter svaté Kateřiny pod horou Sinaj ...

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Finally, has completed another slogan: “The Saint” –

- More Love More Power - Christian Worship song  http://www.youtube.com/watch?NR=1&feature=endscreen&v=hJcmHqjtLmU

Some verses from the Bible can be repeated. No adjustment was made, just in case not to lose any cut. There are a lot of signatures, and each of them is priceless, because otherwise every God speaks, in this case can be done by the passage of the Word.

If someone decides to read the whole text, you might want to do it twice, the first time except for footnotes (highlighted in gray) to focus on the real content, and then the order to draw attention to the footnotes. But this is only a suggestion, always self-reading technology will probably be better.

Do not be a worry if you fail to understand everything *, even if you completely fail to “pick up the text,” because yours reading it will NOT be indifferent. God is above it all. But if someone wanted / needed to clarify, it’s best to ask a priest (even if it will be possible only when the confession).

“Productive” reading,

Orifiell.

—— * There are various reasons for misinterpretation of the Bible. One of these is that biblical language is the language of allegory, metaphor, etc. The stylistic means of expression. For example, when talking about Israel, in fact, in the Old Testament, this refers to that of the nation chosen by God. However, in the New Testament, the “chosen people” are the people who have been baptized. Therefore, when talking about Shabbat observance, this must refer to Sunday, and more specifically to the time interval lasting from vespers on Saturday until the end of Sunday (especially Sunday).

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BIBLE

Exodus 3, 14 14 God said to Moses: I AM WHO AM. He said: Thus shall you say to the children of Israel: HE WHO IS, has sent me to you.

Exodus 19, 3 – 20 3 And Moses went up to God; and the Lord called unto him from the mountain, and said: Thus shall you say to the house of Jacob, and tell the children of Israel: 4 You have seen what I have done to the Egyptians, how I have carried you upon the wings of eagles, and have taken you to myself. 5 If therefore you will hear my voice, and keep my covenant, you shall be my peculiar possession above all people: for all the earth is mine. 6 And you shall be to me a priestly kingdom, and a holy nation. These are the words you shall speak to the children of Israel. 7 Moses came; and calling together the elders of the people, he declared all the words which the Lord had commanded. 8 And all the people answered together: All that the Lord has spoken, we will do. And when Moses had related the people’s words to the Lord, 9 the Lord said to him: Lo, now will I come to you in the darkness of a cloud, that the people may hear me speaking to you, and may believe you for ever. And Moses told the words of the people to the Lord. 10 And he said to him: Go to the people, and sanctify them today, and tomorrow, and let them wash their garments. 11 And let them be ready against the third day; for on the third day the Lord will come down in the sight of all the people, upon Mount Sinai. 12 And you shall appoint certain limits to the people round about, and you shall say to them: Take heed that you not go up into the mount, and that you touch not the borders thereof: every one that touches the mount, dying he shall die. 13 No hands shall touch him, but he shall be stoned to death, or he shall be shot through with arrows: whether it be beast, or man, he shall not live. When the trumpet shall begin to sound, then let them go up into the mount. 14 And Moses came down from the mount to the people, and sanctified them. And when they had washed their garments, 15 he said to them: Be ready against the third day, and come not near your wives. 16 And now the third day had come, and the morning appeared: and behold thunders began to be heard, and lightning to flash, and a very thick cloud to cover the mount, and the noise of the trumpet sounded exceeding loud; and the people that was in the camp, feared. 17 And when Moses had brought them forth to meet God, from the place of the camp, they stood at the bottom of the mount. 18 And all Mount Sinai was on a smoke: because the Lord had come down upon it in fire, and the smoke arose from it as out of a furnace: and all the mount was terrible. 19 And the sound of the trumpet grew by degrees louder and louder, and was drawn out to a greater length: Moses spoke, and God answered him. 20 And the Lord came down upon Mount Sinai, in the very top of the mount, and he called Moses unto the top thereof. And when he had gone up thither, [And Moses went up to God… Moses went up to mount Sinai, where God spoke to him. (Challoner)]

Exodus 33, 18 – 23 18 And he said: Show me your glory. 19 He answered: I will show you all good, and I will proclaim in the name of the Lord before you: and I will have mercy on whom I will, and I will be merciful to whom it shall please me. 20 And again he said: You can not see my face: for man shall not see me, and live. 21 And again he said: Behold there is a place with me, and you shall stand upon the rock. 22 And when my glory shall pass, I will set you in a hole of the rock, and protect you with my righthand till I pass: 23 And I will take away my hand, and you shall see my back parts: but my face you can not see. [See my back parts… The Lord by his angel, usually spoke to Moses in the pillar of the cloud; so that he could not see the glory of him that spoke familiarly with him. In the vision here mentioned he was allowed to see something of him, in an assumed corporeal form: not in the face, the rays of which were too bright for mortal eye to bear, but to view him as it were behind, when his face was turned from him. (Challoner)]

Numbers 20, 1 – 13 1 And the children of Israel, and all the multitude came into the desert of Sin, in the first month: and the people abode in Cades. And Mary died there, and was buried in the same place. 2 And the people wanting water, came together against Moses and Aaron: 3 And making a sedition, they said: Would God we had perished among our brethren before the Lord. 4 Why have you brought out the church of the Lord into the wilderness, that both we and our cattle should die? 5 Why have you made us come up out of Egypt, and have brought us into this wretched place which cannot be sowed, nor brings forth figs, nor vines, nor pomegranates, neither is there any water to drink? 6 And Moses and Aaron leaving the multitude, went into the tabernacle of the covenant, and fell flat upon the ground, and cried to the Lord, and said. O Lord God, hear the cry of this people, and open to them your treasure, a fountain of living water, that being satisfied, they may cease to murmur. And the glory of the Lord appeared over them. 7 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 8 Take the rod, and assemble the people together, you and Aaron your brother, and speak to the rock before them, and it shall yield waters. And when you have brought forth water out of the rock, all the multitude and their cattle shall drink. 9 Moses therefore took the rod, which was before the Lord, as he had commanded him, 10 and having gathered together the multitude before the rock, he said to them: Hear, you rebellious and incredulous: Can we bring you forth water out of this rock? 11 And when Moses had lifted up his hand, and struck the rock twice with the rod, there came forth water in great abundance, so that the people and their cattle drank, 12 and the Lord said to Moses and Aaron: Because you have not believed me, to sanctify me before the children of Israel, you shall not bring these people into the land, which I will give them. 13 This is the Water of contradiction, where the children of Israel strove with words against the Lord, and he was sanctified in them. [The rock… This rock was a figure of Christ, and the water that issued out from the rock, of his precious blood, the source of all our good. (Challoner) You have not believed, etc… The fault of Moses and Aaron, on this occasion, was a certain diffidence and weakness of faith; not doubting of God’s power or veracity; but apprehending the unworthiness of that rebellious and incredulous people, and therefore speaking with some ambiguity. (Challoner) The Water of contradiction… Or strife. Hebrew, Meribah. (Challoner)]

1 Samuel 6, 19 n 19 But he slew of the men of Bethsames, because they had seen the ark of the Lord, and he slew of the people seventy men, and fifty thousand of the common people. And the people lamented, because the Lord had smitten the people with a great slaughter. 20 And the men of Bethsames said: Who shall be able to stand before the Lord this holy God? And to whom shall he go up from us?

2 Samuel 6, 7-11 7 And the indignation of the Lord was enkindled against Oza, and he struck him for his rashness: and he died there before the ark of God. 8 And David was grieved because the Lord had struck Oza, and the name of that place was called: The striking of Oza, to this day. 9 And David was afraid of the Lord that day, saying: How shall the ark of the Lord come to me? 10 And he would not have the ark of the Lord brought in to himself into the city of David: but he caused it to be carried into the house of Obededom the Gethite. 11 And the ark of the Lord abode in the house of Obededom the Gethite three months: and the Lord blessed Obededom, and all his household.

Psalm 22 1 Unto the end, for the morning protection, a psalm for David. O God my God, look upon me: why have you forsaken me? Far from my salvation are the words of my sins. 3 O my God, I shall cry by day, and you will not hear: and by night, and it shall not be reputed as folly in me. 4 But you dwell in the holy place, the praise of Israel. 5 In you have our fathers hoped: they have hoped, and you have delivered them. 6 They cried to you, and they were saved: they trusted in you, and were not confounded. 7 But I am a worm, and no man: the reproach of men, and the outcast of the people. 8 All they that saw me have laughed me to scorn: they have spoken with the lips, and wagged the head. 9 He hoped in the Lord, let him deliver him: let him save him, seeing he delights in him. 10 For you are he that have drawn me out of the womb: my hope from the breasts of my mother. 11 I was cast upon you from the womb. From my mother’s womb you are my God, 12 depart not from me. For tribulation is very near: for there is none to help me. 13 Many calves have surrounded me: fat bulls have besieged me. 14 They have opened their mouths against me, as a lion ravening and roaring. 15 I am poured out like water; and all my bones are scattered. My heart has become like wax melting in the midst of my bowels. 16 My strength is dried up like a potsherd, and my tongue has cleaved to my jaws: and you have brought me down into the dust of death. 17 For many dogs have encompassed me: the council of the malignant has besieged me. They have dug my hands and feet. 18 They have numbered all my bones. And they have looked and stared upon me. 19 They parted my garments amongst them; and upon my vesture they cast lots. 20 But you, O Lord, remove not your help to a distance from me; look towards my defence. 21 Deliver, O God, my soul from the sword: my only one from the hand of the dog. 22 Save me from the lion’s mouth; and my lowness from the horns of the unicorns. 23 I will declare your name to my brethren: in the midst of the church will I praise you. 24 You that fear the Lord, praise him: all you the seed of Jacob, glorify him. 25 Let all the seed of Israel fear him: because he has not slighted nor despised the supplication of the poor man. Neither has he turned away his face form me: and when I cried to him he heard me. 26 With you is my praise in a great church: I will pay my vows in the sight of them that fear him. 27 The poor shall eat and shall be filled: and they shall praise the Lord that seek him: their hearts shall live for ever and ever. 28 All the ends of the earth shall remember, and shall be converted to the Lord: And all the kindreds of the Gentiles shall adore in his sight. 29 For the kingdom is the Lord’s; and he shall have dominion over the nations. 30 All the fat ones of the earth have eaten and have adored: all they that go down to the earth shall fall before him. 31 And to him my soul shall live: and my seed shall serve him. 32 There shall be declared to the Lord a generation to come: and the heavens shall show forth his justice to a people that shall be born, which the Lord has made. [The words of my sins… That is, the sins of the world, which I have taken upon myself, cry out against me, and are the cause of all my sufferings. (Challoner)]

Psalm 33, 21 21 For in him our heart shall rejoice: and in his holy name we have trusted.

Psalm 71 A psalm for David. Of the sons of Jonadab, and the former captives. In you, O Lord, I have hoped, let me never be put to confusion: 2 Deliver me in your justice, and rescue me. Incline your ear unto me, and save me. 3 Be unto me a God, a protector, and a place of strength: that you may make me safe. For you are my firmament and my refuge. 4 Deliver me, O my God, out of the hand of the sinner, and out of the hand of the transgressor of the law and of the unjust. 5 For you are my patience, O Lord: my hope, O Lord, from my youth. 6 By you have I been confirmed from the womb: from my mother’s womb you are my protector. Of you I shall continually sing: 7 I have become unto many as a wonder, but you are a strong helper. 8 Let my mouth be filled with praise, that I may sing your glory; your greatness all the day long. 9 Cast me not off in the time of old age: when my strength shall fail, do not forsake me. 10 For my enemies have spoken against me; and they that watched my soul have consulted together, 11 saying: God has forsaken him: pursue and take him, for there is none to deliver him. 12 O God, be not far from me: O my God, make haste to my help. 13 Let them be confounded and come to nothing that detract my soul; let them be covered with confusion and blame that seek my hurt. 14 But I will always hope; and will add to all your praise. 15 My mouth shall show forth your justice; your salvation all the day long. Because I have not known learning, 16 I will enter into the powers of the Lord: O Lord, I will be mindful of your justice alone. 17 You have taught me, O God, from my youth: and till now I will declare your wonderful works. 18 And unto old age and grey hairs: O God, forsake me not, Until I show forth your arm to all the generation that is to come: Your power, 19 and your justice, O God, even to the highest great things you have done: O God, who is like to you? 20 How great troubles have you shown me, many and grievous: and turning you have brought me to life, and have brought me back again from the depths of the earth: 21 You have multiplied your magnificence; and turning to me you have comforted me. 22 For I will also confess to you your truth with the instruments of psaltery: O God, I will sing to you with the harp, you holy one of Israel. 23 My lips shall greatly rejoice, when I shall sing to you; and my soul which you have redeemed. 24 Yea and my tongue shall meditate on your justice all the day; when they shall be confounded and put to shame that seek evils to me. Of the sons of Jonadab… The Rechabites, of whom see Jeremiah 35. By this addition of the seventy-two interpreters, we gather that this psalm was usually sung in the synagogue, in the person of the Rechabites, and of those who were first carried away into captivity. (Challoner) Learning… As much as to say, I build not upon human learning, but only on the power and justice of God. (Challoner)

Isaiah 5, 24 24 Therefore as the tongue of the fire devours the stubble, and the heat of the flame consumes it: so shall their root be as ashes, and their bud shall go up as dust: for they have cast away the law of the Lord of hosts, and have blasphemed the word of the Holy One of Israel.

Isaiah 6, 1 – 5 In the year that King Ozias died, I saw the Lord sitting upon a throne high and elevated: and his train filled the temple. 2 Upon it stood the seraphims: the one had six wings, and the other had six wings: with two they covered his face, and with two they covered his feet, and with two they flew. 3 And they cried one to another, and said: Holy, holy, holy, the Lord God of hosts, all the earth is full of his glory, 4 and the lintels of the doors were moved at the voice of him that cried, and the house was filled with smoke. 5 And I said: Woe is me, because I have held my peace; because I am a man of unclean lips, and I dwell in the midst of a people that has unclean lips, and I have seen with my eyes the King the Lord of hosts.

Isaiah 10, 20 20 And it shall come to pass in that day, that the remnant of Israel, and they that shall escape of the house of Jacob, shall lean no more upon him that strikes them: but they shall lean upon the Lord the Holy One of Israel, in truth.

Isaiah 17, 7 7 In that day man shall bow down himself to his Maker, and his eyes shall look to the Holy One of Israel.

Isaiah 41, 14 – 20 14 Fear not, you worm of Jacob, you that are dead of Israel: I have helped you, says the Lord: and your Redeemer the Holy One of Israel. 15 I have made you as a new thrashing wain, with teeth like a saw: you shall thrash the mountains, and break them in pieces: and shall make the hills as chaff. 16 You shall fan them, and the wind shall carry them away, and the whirlwind shall scatter them: and you shall rejoice in the Lord, in the Holy One of Israel you shall be joyful. 17 The needy and the poor seek for waters, and there are none: their tongue has been dry with thirst. I the Lord will hear them, I the God of Israel will not forsake them. 18 I will open rivers in the high hills, and fountains in the midst of the plains: I will turn the desert into pools of waters, and the impassable land into streams of waters. 19 I will plant in the wilderness the cedar, and the thorn, and the myrtle, and the olive tree: I will set in the desert the fir tree, the elm, and the box tree together: 20 That they may see and know, and consider, and understand together that the hand of the Lord has done this, and the Holy One of Israel has created it.

Ezekiel 28, 25 n 25 Thus says the Lord God: When I shall have gathered together the house of Israel out of the people among whom they are scattered: I will be sanctified in them before the Gentiles: and they shall dwell in their own land, which I gave to my servant Jacob. 26 And they shall dwell therein secure, and they shall build houses, and shall plant vineyards, and shall dwell with confidence, when I shall have executed judgments upon all that are their enemies round about: and they shall know that I am the Lord their God.

Ezekiel 38, 21 nn 21 And I will call in the sword against him in all my mountains, says the Lord God: every man’s sword shall be pointed against his brother. 22 And I will judge him with pestilence, and with blood, and with violent rain, and vast hailstones: I will rain fire and brimstone upon him, and upon his army, and upon the many nations that are with him. 23 And I will be magnified, and I will be sanctified: and I will be known in the eyes of many nations and they shall know that I am the Lord.

Hosea 11, 9 9 I will not execute the fierceness of my wrath: I will not return to destroy Ephraim: because I am God, and not man: the holy one in the midst of you, and I will not enter into the city.

Amos 2, 7 7 They bruise the heads of the poor upon the dust of the earth, and turn aside the way of the humble: and the son and his father have gone to the same young woman, to profane my holy name.

Amos 4, 2 2 The Lord God has sworn by his holiness, that lo, the days shall come upon you, when they shall lift you up on pikes, and what shall remain of you in boiling pots.

Habakkuk 3, 3 3 God will come from the south, and the holy one from mount Pharan: His glory covered the heavens, and the earth is full of his praise. God will come from the south, etc… God himself will come to give us his law, and to conduct us into the true land of promise: as heretofore he came from the South (in the Hebrew Theman) and from mount Pharan to give his law to his people in the desert (see Deuteronomy 33:2). (Challoner)

1 John 4, 18 18 Fear is not in charity: but perfect charity casts out fear, because fear has sin. And he that fears is not perfected in charity. Fear is not in charity, etc… Perfect charity, or love, banishes human fear, that is, the fear of men; as also all perplexing fear, which makes men mistrust or despair of God’s mercy; and that kind of servile fear, which makes them fear the punishment of sin more than the offence offered to God. But it no way excludes the wholesome fear of God’s judgments, so often recommended in holy writ; nor that fear and trembling, with which we are told to work out our salvation (Philippians 2:12). (Challoner)

Leviticus 1 – 7 And the Lord called Moses, and spoke to him from the tabernacle of the testimony, saying: 2 Speak to the children of Israel, and you shall say to them: The man among you that shall offer to the Lord a sacrifice of the cattle, that is, offering victims of oxen and sheep: 3 If his offering be a holocaust, and of the herd, he shall offer a male without blemish, at the door of the testimony, to make the Lord favourable to him. 4 And he shall put his hand upon the head of the victim: and it shall be acceptable, and help to its expiation. 5 And he shall immolate the calf before the Lord: and the priests the sons of Aaron shall offer the blood thereof, pouring it round about the altar, which is before the door of the tabernacle. 6 And when they have flayed the victim, they shall cut the joints into pieces: 7 And shall put fire on the altar, having before laid in order a pile of wood. 8 And they shall lay the parts that are cut out in order thereupon: to wit, the head, and all things that cleave to the liver; 9 the entrails and feet being washed with water. And the priest shall burn them upon the altar for a holocaust, and a sweet savour to the Lord. 10 And if the offering be of the flocks, a holocaust of sheep or of goats, he shall offer a male without blemish. 11 And he shall immolate it at the side of the altar that looks to the north, before the Lord: but the sons of Aaron shall pour the blood thereof upon the altar round about. 12 And they shall divide the joints, the head, and all that cleave to the liver: and shall lay them upon the wood, under which the fire is to be put. 13 But the entrails and the feet they shall wash with water. And the priest shall offer it all and burn it all upon the altar for a holocaust, and most sweet savour to the Lord. 14 But if the oblation of a holocaust to the Lord be of birds, of turtles, or of young pigeons: 15 The priest shall offer it at the altar: and twisting back the neck, and breaking the place of the wound, he shall make the blood run down upon the brim of the altar. 16 But the crop of the throat, and the feathers he shall cast beside the altar at the east side, in the place where the ashes are wont to be poured out. 17 And he shall break the pinions thereof, and shall not cut, nor divide it with a knife: and shall burn it upon the altar, putting fire under the wood. It is a holocaust and oblation of most sweet savour to the Lord.

[A holocaust… That is, a whole burnt offering (olokauston), so called, because the whole victim was consumed with fire; and given in such manner to God as wholly to evaporate, as it were, for his honour and glory; without having any part of it reserved for the use of man. The other sacrifices in the Old Testament were either offerings for sin, or peace offerings: and these latter again were either offered in thanksgiving for blessings received; or by way of prayer for new favours or graces. So that sacrifices were then offered to God for four different ends or intentions, answerable to the different obligations which man has to God: 1. By way of adoration, homage, praise, and glory due to his divine majesty. 2. By way of thanksgiving for all benefits received from him. 3. By way of confessing and craving pardon for sins. 4. By way of prayer and petition for grace and relief in all necessities. In the New Law we have but one sacrifice, viz., that of the body and blood of Christ: but this one sacrifice of the New Testament perfectly answers all these four ends; and both priest and people, as often as it is celebrated, ought to join in offering it up for these four ends. (Challoner)]

When any one shall offer an oblation of sacrifice to the Lord, his offering shall be of fine flour: and he shall pour oil upon it, and put frankincense, 2 and shall bring it to the sons of Aaron the priests. And one of them shall take a handful of the flour and oil, and all the frankincense; and shall put it a memorial upon the altar for a most sweet savour to the Lord. 3 And the remnant of the sacrifice shall be Aaron’s, and his sons’, holy of holies of the offerings of the Lord. 4 But when you offer a sacrifice baked in the oven of flour, to wit, loaves without leaven, tempered with oil, and unleavened wafers, anointed with oil: 5 If your oblation be from the frying pan, of flour tempered with oil, and without leaven: 6 You shall divide it into little pieces, and shall pour oil upon it. 7 And if the sacrifice be from the gridiron, in like manner the flour shall be tempered with oil. 8 And when you offer it to the Lord, you shall deliver it to the hands of the priest. 9 And when he has offered it, he shall take a memorial out of the sacrifice, and burn it upon the altar for a sweet savour to the Lord. 10 And whatsoever is left, shall be Aaron’s, and his sons’: holy of holies of the offerings of the Lord. 11 Every oblation that is offered to the Lord shall be made without leaven: neither shall any leaven or honey be burnt in the sacrifice to the Lord. 12 You shall offer only the firstfruits of them and gifts: but they shall not be put upon the altar, for a savour of sweetness. 13 Whatsoever sacrifice you offer, you shall season it with salt: neither shall you take away the salt of the covenant of your God from your sacrifice. In all your oblations you shall offer salt. 14 But if you offer a gift of the firstfruits of your corn to the Lord, of the ears yet green, you shall dry it at the fire, and break it small like meal; and so shall you offer your firstfruits to the Lord: 15 Pouring oil upon it and putting on frankincense, because it is the oblation of the Lord. 16 Whereof the priest shall burn for a memorial of the gift, part of the corn broken small and of the oil, and all the frankincense.

[* Holy of holies… That is, most holy, as being dedicated to God, and set aside by his ordinance for the use of his priests. (Challoner) * Without leaven or honey… No leaven nor honey was to be used in the sacrifice offered to God; to signify that we are to exclude from the pure worship of the gospel, all double dealing and affection to carnal pleasures. (Challoner) * Salt… In every sacrifice salt was to be used, which is an emblem of wisdom and discretion, without which none of our performances are agreeable to God. (Challoner)]

And if his oblation be a sacrifice of peace offerings, and he will offer of the herd, whether male or female: he shall offer them without blemish before the Lord. 2 And he shall lay his hand upon the head of his victim, which shall be slain in the entry of the tabernacle of the testimony: and the sons of Aaron the priests shall pour the blood round about upon the altar. 3 And they shall offer of the sacrifice of peace offerings, for an oblation to the Lord: the fat that covers the entrails, and all the fat that is within, 4 the two kidneys with the fat wherewith the flanks are covered, and the caul of the liver with the two little kidneys. 5 And they shall burn them upon the altar, for a holocaust, putting fire under the wood: for an oblation of most sweet savour to the Lord. 6 But if his oblation and the sacrifice of peace offering be of the flock, whether he offer male or female, they shall be without blemish. 7 If he offer a lamb before the Lord: 8 He shall put his hand upon the head of the victim. And it shall be slain in the entry of the tabernacle of the testimony: and the sons of Aaron shall pour the blood thereof round about upon the altar. 9 And they shall offer of the victim of peace offerings, a sacrifice to the Lord: the fat and the whole rump, 10 with the kidneys, and the fat that covers the belly and all the vitals and both the little kidneys, with the fat that is about the flanks, and the caul of the liver with the little kidneys. 11 And the priest shall burn them upon the altar, for the food of the fire, and of the oblation of the Lord. 12 If his offering be a goat, and he offer it to the Lord: 13 He shall put his hand upon the head thereof: and shall immolate it in the entry of the tabernacle of the testimony. And the sons of Aaron shall pour the blood thereof round about upon the altar. 14 And they shall take of it for the food of the Lord’s fire, the fat that covers the belly, and that covers all the vital parts: 15 The two little kidneys with the caul that is upon them which is by the flanks, and the fat of the liver with the little kidneys. 16 And the priest shall burn them upon the altar, for the food of the fire, and of a most sweet savour. All the fat shall be the Lord’s. 17 By a perpetual law for your generations, and in all your habitations: neither blood nor fat shall you eat at all.

[* Peace offerings… Peace, in the scripture language, signifies happiness, welfare or prosperity; in a word, all kind of blessings. Such sacrifices, therefore, as were offered either on occasion of blessings received, or to obtain new favours, were called pacific or peace offerings. In these, some part of the victim was consumed with fire on the altar of God; other parts were eaten by the priests and by the persons for whom the sacrifice was offered. (Challoner) * Fat… It is meant of the fat, which by the prescription of the law was to be offered on God’s altar; not of the fat of meat, such as we commonly eat. (Challoner)]

And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 2 Say to the children of Israel: The soul that sins through ignorance, and does anything concerning any of the commandments of the Lord, which he commanded not to be done: 3 If the priest that is anointed shall sin, making the people to offend, he shall offer to the Lord for his sin a calf without blemish. 4 And he shall bring it to the door of the testimony before the Lord: and shall put his hand upon the head thereof, and shall sacrifice it to the Lord. 5 He shall take also of the blood of the calf: and carry it into the tabernacle of the testimony. 6 And having dipped his finger in the blood, he shall sprinkle with it seven times before the Lord, before the veil of the sanctuary. 7 And he shall put some of the same blood upon the horns of the altar of the sweet incense most acceptable to the Lord, which is in the tabernacle of the testimony. And he shall pour all the rest of the blood at the foot of the altar of holocaust in the entry of the tabernacle. 8 And he shall take off the fat of the calf for the sin offering, as well that which covers the entrails, as all the inwards: 9 The two little kidneys, and the caul that is upon them, which is by the flanks, and the fat of the liver with the little kidneys: 10 As it is taken off from the calf of the sacrifice of peace offerings. And he shall burn them upon the altar of holocaust. 11 But the skin and all the flesh with the head and the feet and the bowels and the dung: 12 And the rest of the body, he shall carry forth without the camp into a clean place where the ashes are wont to be poured out: and he shall burn them upon a pile of wood. They shall be burnt in the place where the ashes are poured out. 13 And if all the multitude of Israel shall be ignorant, and through ignorance shall do that which is against the commandment of the Lord, 14 and afterwards shall understand their sin: they shall offer for their sin a calf, and shall bring it to the door of the tabernacle. 15 And the ancients of the people shall put their hands upon the head thereof before the Lord. And the calf being immolated in the sight of the Lord: 16 The priest that is anointed shall carry of the blood into the tabernacle of the testimony. 17 And shall dip his finger in it and sprinkle it seven times before the veil. 18 And he shall put of the same blood on the horns of the altar that is before the Lord, in the tabernacle of the testimony. And the rest of the blood he shall pour at the foot of the altar of holocaust, which is at the door of the tabernacle of the testimony. 19 And all the fat thereof he shall take off, and shall burn it upon the altar: 20 Doing so with this calf, as he did also with that before. And the priest praying for them, the Lord will be merciful unto them. 21 But the calf itself he shall carry forth without the camp, and shall burn it as he did the former calf: because it is for the sin of the multitude. 22 If a prince shall sin, and through ignorance do any one of the things that the law of the Lord forbids, 23 and afterwards shall come to know his sin: he shall offer a buck goat without blemish, a sacrifice to the Lord. 24 And he shall put his hand upon the head thereof: and when he has immolated it in the place where the holocaust is wont to be slain before the Lord, because it is for sin, 25 the priest shall dip his finger in the blood of the victim for sin, touching therewith the horns of the altar of holocaust, and pouring out the rest at the foot thereof. 26 But the fat he shall burn upon it, as is wont to be done with the victims of peace offerings. And the priest shall pray for him, and for his sin: and it shall be forgiven him. 27 And if any one of the people of the land shall sin through ignorance, doing any of those things that by the law of the Lord are forbidden, and offending, 28 and shall come to know his sin: he shall offer a she goat without blemish. 29 And he shall put his hand upon the head of the victim that is for sin: and shall immolate it in the place of the holocaust. 30 And the priest shall take of the blood with his finger, and shall touch the horns of the altar of holocaust: and shall pour out the rest at the foot thereof. 31 But taking off all the fat, as is wont to be taken away of the victims of peace offerings, he shall burn it upon the altar, for a sweet savour to the Lord: and he shall pray for him, and it shall be forgiven him. 32 But if he offer of the flock a victim for his sin, to wit, an ewe without blemish: 33 He shall put his hand upon the head thereof, and shall immolate it in the place where the victims of holocausts are wont to be slain. 34 And the priest shall take of the blood thereof with his finger, and shall touch the horns of the altar of holocaust: and the rest he shall pour out at the foot thereof. 35 All the fat also he shall take off, as the fat of the ram that is offered for peace offerings is wont to be taken away: and shall burn it upon the altar, for a burnt sacrifice of the Lord. And he shall pray for him and his sin, and it shall be forgiven him.

[* Ignorance… To be ignorant of what we are bound to know is sinful; and for such culpable ignorance, these sacrifices, prescribed in this and the following chapter, were appointed. (Challoner) * The blood… As the figure of the blood of Christ shed for the remission of our sins, and carried by him into the sanctuary of heaven. (Challoner)]

If any one sin, and hear the voice of one swearing, and is a witness either because he himself has seen, or is privy to it: if he do not utter it, he shall bear his iniquity. 2 Whosoever touches any unclean thing, either that which has been killed by a beast, or died of itself, or any other creeping thing: and forgets his uncleanness, he is guilty, and has offended. 3 And if he touch anything of the uncleanness of man, according to any uncleanness wherewith he is wont to be defiled: and having forgotten it, come afterwards to know it, he shall be guilty of an offence. 4 The person that swears, and utters with his lips, that he would do either evil or good, and binds the same with an oath, and his word: and having forgotten it afterwards understands his offence, 5 let him do penance for his sin: 6 And offer of the flocks an ewe lamb, or a she goat, and the priest shall pray for him and for his sin. 7 But if he be not able to offer a beast, let him offer two turtles, or two young pigeons to the Lord, one for sin, and the other for a holocaust, 8 and he shall give them to the priest: who shall offer the first for sin, and twist back the head of it to the little pinions, so that it stick to the neck, and be not altogether broken off. 9 And of its blood he shall sprinkle the side of the altar: and whatever is left, he shall let it drop at the bottom thereof, because it is for sin. 10 And the other he shall burn for a holocaust, as is wont to be done. And the priest shall pray for him, and for his sin, and it shall be forgiven him. 11 And if his hand be not able to offer two turtles, or two young pigeons, he shall offer for his sin the tenth part of an ephi of flour. He shall not put oil upon it, nor put any frankincense thereon, because it is for sin. 12 And he shall deliver it to the priest, who shall take a handful thereof, and shall burn it upon the altar for a memorial of him that offered it: 13 Praying for him and making atonement. But the part that is left, he himself shall have for a gift. 14 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 15 If any one shall sin through mistake, transgressing the ceremonies in those things that are sacrificed to the Lord, he shall offer for his offence a ram without blemish out of the flocks, that may be bought for two sicles, according to the weight of the sanctuary. 16 And he shall make good the damage itself which he has done, and shall add the fifth part besides, delivering it to the priest, who shall pray for him, offering the ram: and it shall be forgiven him. 17 If any one sin through ignorance, and do one of those things which by the law of the Lord are forbidden, and being guilty of sin, understand his iniquity: 18 He shall offer of the flocks a ram without blemish to the priest, according to the measure and estimation of the sin. And the priest shall pray for him, because he did it ignorantly: And it shall be forgiven him, 19 because by mistake he trespassed against the Lord.

The Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 2 Whosoever shall sin, and despising the Lord, shall deny to his neighbour the thing delivered to his keeping, which was committed to his trust; or shall by force extort anything, or commit oppression; 3 or shall find a thing lost, and denying it, shall also swear falsely, or shall do any other of the many things, wherein men are wont to sin: 4 Being convicted of the offence, he shall restore 5 all that he would have gotten by fraud, in the principal, and the fifth part besides, to the owner, whom he wronged. 6 Moreover for his sin he shall offer a ram without blemish out of the flock: and shall give it to the priest, according to the estimation and measure of the offence. 7 And he shall pray for him before the Lord: and he shall have forgiveness for everything in doing of which he has sinned. 8 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 9 Command Aaron and his sons: This is the law of a holocaust. It shall be burnt upon the altar, all night until morning: the fire shall be of the same altar. 10 The priest shall be vested with the tunick and the linen breeches; and he shall take up the ashes of that which the devouring fire has burnt: and putting them beside the altar, 11 shall put off his former vestments, and being clothed with others, shall carry them forth without the camp, and shall cause them to be consumed to dust in a very clean place. 12 And the fire on the altar shall always burn, and the priest shall feed it, putting wood on it every day in the morning: and laying on the holocaust, shall burn thereupon the fat of the peace offerings. 13 This is the perpetual fire which shall never go out on the altar. 14 This is the law of the sacrifice and libations, which the children of Aaron shall offer before the Lord, and before the altar. 15 The priest shall take a handful of the flour that is tempered with oil, and all the frankincense that is put upon the flour: and he shall burn on the altar for a memorial of most sweet odour to the Lord. 16 And the part of the flour that is left, Aaron and his sons shall eat, without leaven: and he shall eat it in the holy place of the court of the tabernacle. 17 And therefore it shall not be leavened, because part thereof is offered for the burnt sacrifice of the Lord. It shall be most holy, as that which is offered for sin and for trespass. 18 The males only of the race of Aaron shall eat it. It shall be an ordinance everlasting in your generations concerning the sacrifices of the Lord: Every one that touches them shall be sanctified. 19 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 20 This is the oblation of Aaron, and of his sons, which they must offer to the Lord, in the day of their anointing. They shall offer the tenth part of an ephi of flour for a perpetual sacrifice, half of it in the morning, and half of it in the evening. 21 It shall be tempered with oil, and shall be fried in a frying pan. 22 And the priest that rightfully succeeds his father, shall offer it hot, for a most sweet odour to the Lord: and it shall he wholly burnt on the altar. 23 For every sacrifice of the priest shall be consumed with fire: neither shall any man eat thereof. 24 And the Lord spoke to Moses. saying: 25 Say to Aaron and his sons: This is the law of the victim for sin. In the place where the holocaust is offered, it shall be immolated before the Lord. It is holy of holies. 26 The priest that offers it, shall eat it in a holy place, in the court of the tabernacle. 27 Whatsoever shall touch the flesh thereof, shall be sanctified. If a garment be sprinkled with the blood thereof, it shall be washed in a holy place. 28 And the earthen vessel, wherein it was sodden, shall be broken: but if the vessel be of brass, it shall be scoured, and washed with water. 29 Every male of the priestly race shall eat of the flesh thereof, because it is holy of holies. 30 For the victim that is slain for sin, the blood of which is carried into the tabernacle of the testimony to make atonement in the sanctuary, shall not be eaten, but shall be burnt with fire.

[The perpetual fire… This fire came from heaven (Leviticus 9:24), and was always kept burning on the altar, as a figure of the heavenly fire of divine love, which ought to be always burning in the heart of a Christian. (Challoner)]

This also is the law of the sacrifice for a trespass: it is most holy. 2 Therefore where the holocaust is immolated, the victim also for a trespass shall be slain: the blood thereof shall be poured round about the altar. 3 They shall offer thereof the rump and the fat that covers the entrails: 4 The two little kidneys, and the fat which is by the flanks, and the caul of the liver with the little kidneys. 5 And the priest shall burn them upon the altar: it is the burnt sacrifice of the Lord for a trespass. 6 Every male of the priestly race, shall eat this flesh in a holy place, because it is most holy. 7 As the sacrifice for sin is offered, so is also that for a trespass: the same shall be the law of both these sacrifices. It shall belong to the priest that offers it. 8 The priest that offers the victim of holocaust, shall have the skin thereof. 9 And every sacrifice of flour that is baked in the oven, and whatsoever is dressed on the gridiron, or in the frying pan, shall be the priest’s that offers it. 10 Whether they be tempered with oil, or dry, all the sons of Aaron shall have one as much as another. 11 This is the law of the sacrifice of peace offerings that is offered to the Lord. 12 If the oblation be for thanksgiving, they shall offer loaves without leaven tempered with oil, and unleavened wafers anointed with oil, and fine flour fried, and cakes tempered and mingled with oil. 13 Moreover loaves of leavened bread with the sacrifice of thanks, which is offered for peace offerings: 14 Of which one shall be offered to the Lord for firstfruits, and shall be the priest’s that shall pour out the blood of the victim. 15 And the flesh of it shall be eaten the same day: neither shall any of it remain until the morning. 16 If any man by vow, or of his own accord offer a sacrifice, it shall in like manner be eaten the same day. And if any of it remain until the morrow, it is lawful to eat it. 17 But whatsoever shall be found on the third day shall be consumed with fire. 18 If any man eat of the flesh of the victim of peace offerings on the third day, the oblation shall be of no effect: neither shall it profit the offerer. Yea rather, whatsoever soul shall defile itself with such meat, shall be guilty of transgression. 19 The flesh that has touched any unclean thing, shall not be eaten: but shall be burnt with fire. He that is clean shall eat of it. 20 If any one that is defiled shall eat of the flesh of the sacrifice of peace offerings, which is offered to the Lord, he shall be cut off from his people. 21 And he that has touched the uncleanness of man, or of beast, or of anything that can defile, and shall eat of such kind of flesh: shall be cut off from his people. 22 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 23 Say to the children of Israel: The fat of a sheep, and of an ox, and of a goat you shall not eat. 24 The fat of a carcass that has died of itself, and of a beast that was caught by another beast, you shall have for divers uses. 25 If any man eat the fat that should be offered for the burnt sacrifice of the Lord, he shall perish out of his people. 26 Moreover you shall not eat the blood of any creature whatsoever, whether of birds or beasts. 27 Every one that eats blood, shall perish from among the people. 28 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 29 Speak to the children of Israel, saying: He that offers a victim of peace offerings to the Lord, let him offer therewith a sacrifice also, that is, the libations thereof. 30 He shall hold in his hands the fat of the victim, and the breast. And when he has offered and consecrated both to the Lord, he shall deliver them to the priest, 31 who shall burn the fat upon the altar. But the breast shall be Aaron’s and his sons’. 32 The right shoulder also of the victim, of peace offerings shall fall to the priest for firstfruits. 33 He among the sons of Aaron, that offers the blood, and the fat: he shall have the right shoulder also for his portion. 34 For the breast that is elevated and the shoulder that is separated I have taken of the children of Israel, from off their victims of peace offerings: and have given them to Aaron the priest, and to his sons, by a law for ever, from all the people of Israel. 35 This is the anointing of Aaron and his sons, in the ceremonies of the Lord, in the day when Moses offered them, that they might do the office of priesthood, 36 and the things that the Lord commanded to be given them by the children of Israel, by a perpetual observance in their generations. 37 This is the law of holocaust, and of the sacrifice for sin, and for trespass, and for consecration, and the victims of peace offerings: 38 Which the Lord appointed to Moses in mount Sinai, when he commanded the children of Israel, that they should offer their oblations to the Lord in the desert of Sinai.

[Trespass… Trespasses, for which these offerings were to be made, were lesser offences than those for which the sin offerings were appointed. (Challoner)]

Leviticus 9, 6 – 23 6 Moses said: This is the word, which the Lord has commanded. Do it, and his glory will appear to you. 7 And he said to Aaron: Approach to the altar, and offer sacrifice for your sin. Offer the holocaust, and pray for yourself and for the people: and when you have slain the people’s victim, pray for them, as the Lord has commanded. 8 And forthwith Aaron, approaching to the altar, immolated the calf for his sin. 9 And his sons brought him the blood of it: and he dipped his finger therein, and touched the horns of the altar, and poured the rest at the foot thereof. 10 And the fat, and the little kidneys, and the caul of the liver, which are for sin, he burnt upon the altar, as the Lord had commanded Moses. 11 But the flesh and skins thereof he burnt with fire without the camp. 12 He immolated also the victim of holocaust: and his sons brought him the blood thereof, which he poured round about on the altar. 13 And the victim being cut into pieces, they brought to him the head and all the members: all which he burnt with fire upon the altar. 14 Having first washed the entrails and the feet with water. 15 Then offering for the sin of the people, he slew the he goat: and expiating the altar, 16 he offered the holocaust. 17 Adding in the sacrifice the libations, which are offered withal, and burning them upon the altar, besides the ceremonies of the morning holocaust. 18 He immolated also the bullock and the ram, and peace offerings of the people: and his sons brought him the blood, which he poured upon the altar round about. 19 The fat also of the bullock, and the rump of the ram, and the two little kidneys with their fat, and the caul of the liver, 20 they put upon the breasts. And after the fat was burnt upon the altar, 21 Aaron separated their breasts, and the right shoulders, elevating them before the Lord, as Moses had commanded. 22 And stretching forth his hands to the people, he blessed them. And so the victims for sin, and the holocausts, and the peace offerings being finished, he came down. 23 And Moses and Aaron went into the tabernacle of the testimony, and afterwards came forth and blessed the people. And the glory of the Lord appeared to all the multitude.

Leviticus 10, 1 nn nd Nadab and Abiu, the sons of Aaron, taking their censers, put fire therein, and incense on it, offering before the Lord strange fire: which was not commanded them. 2 And fire coming out from the Lord destroyed them: and they died before the Lord. 3 And Moses said to Aaron: This is what the Lord has spoken. I will be sanctified in them that approach to me: and I will be glorified in the sight of all the people. And when Aaron heard this, he held his peace.

Leviticus 12 – 15 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 2 Speak to the children of Israel, and you shall say to them: If a woman having received seed shall bear a man child, she shall be unclean seven days, according to the days of separation of her flowers. 3 And on the eighth day the infant shall be circumcised: 4 But she shall remain three and thirty days in the blood of her purification. She shall touch no holy thing: neither shall she enter into the sanctuary, until the days of her purification, be fulfilled. 5 But if she shall bear a maid child, she shall be unclean two weeks, according to the custom of her monthly courses. And she shall remain in the blood of her purification sixty-six days. 6 And when the days of her purification are expired, for a son, or for a daughter, she shall bring to the door of the tabernacle of the testimony, a lamb of a year old for a holocaust, and a young pigeon or a turtle for sin: and shall deliver them to the priest. 7 Who shall offer them before the Lord, and shall pray for her: and so she shall be cleansed from the issue of her blood. This is the law for her that bears a man child or a maid child. 8 And if her hand find not sufficiency, and she is not able to offer a lamb, she shall take two turtles, or two young pigeons, one for a holocaust, and another for sin: and the priest shall pray for her, and so she shall be cleansed.

And the Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying: 2 The man in whose skin or flesh shall arise a different colour or a blister, or as it were something shining, that is the stroke of the leprosy, shall be brought to Aaron the priest, or any or of his sons. 3 And if he see the leprosy in his skin, and the hair turned white and the place where the leprosy appears lower than the skin and the rest of the flesh: it is the stroke of the leprosy, and upon his judgment he shall be separated. But if there be a shining whiteness in the skin, and not lower than the other flesh, and the hair be of the former colour, the priest shall shut him up seven days. 5 And the seventh day he shall look on him: and if the leprosy be grown no farther, and has not spread itself in the skin, he shall shut him up again other seven days. 6 And on the seventh day, he shall look on him. If the leprosy be somewhat obscure, and not spread in the skin, he shall declare him clean, because it is but a scab: and the man shall wash his clothes, and shall be clean. 7 But, if the leprosy grow again, after he was seen by the priest and restored to cleanness, he shall be brought to him: 8 And shall be condemned of uncleanness. 9 If the stroke of the leprosy be in a man, he shall be brought to the priest: 10 And he shall view him. And when there shall be a white colour in the skin, and it shall have changed the look of the hair, and the living flesh itself shall appear: 11 It shall be judged an inveterate leprosy, and grown into the skin. The priest therefore shall declare him unclean: and shall not shut him up, because he is evidently unclean. 12 But if the leprosy spring out running about in the skin, and cover all the skin from the head to the feet, whatsoever falls under the sight of the eyes: 13 The priest shall view him, and shall judge that the leprosy which he has is very clean: because it is all turned into whiteness, and therefore the man shall be clean. 14 But when the live flesh shall appear in him: 15 Then by the judgment of the priest he shall be defiled, and shall be reckoned among the unclean. For live flesh, if it be spotted with leprosy, is unclean. 16 And if again it be turned into whiteness, and cover all the man: 17 The priest shall view him, and shall judge him to be clean. 18 When also there has been an ulcer in the flesh and the skin, and it has been healed: 19 And in the place of the ulcer, there appears a white scar, or somewhat red, the man shall be brought to the priest. 20 And when he shall see the place of the leprosy lower than the other flesh, and the hair turned white: he shall declare him unclean, for the plague of leprosy is broken out in the ulcer. 21 But if the hair be of the former colour, and the scar somewhat obscure, and be not lower than the flesh that is near it: he shall shut him up seven days. 22 And if it spread, he shall judge him to have the leprosy: 23 But if it stay in its place, it is but the scar of an ulcer: and the man shall be clean. 24 The flesh also and skin that has been burnt, and after it is healed has a white or a red scar: 25 The priest shall view it, and if he see it turned white, and the place thereof is lower than the other skin: he shall declare him unclean, because the evil of leprosy is broken out in the scar. 26 But if the colour of the hair be not changed, nor the blemish lower than the other flesh, and the appearance of the leprosy be somewhat obscure: he shall shut him up seven days, 27 and on the seventh day he shall view him. If the leprosy be grown farther in the skin, he shall declare him unclean. 28 But if the whiteness stay in its place, and be not very clear, it is the sore of a burning: and therefore he shall be cleansed, because it is only the scar of a burning. 29 If the leprosy break out in the head or the beard of a man or woman, the priest shall see them, 30 and if the place be lower than the other flesh, and the hair yellow, and thinner than usual: he shall declare them unclean, because it is the leprosy of the head and the beard; 31 but if he perceive the place of the spot is equal with the flesh that is near it, and the hair black: he shall shut him up seven days, 32 and on the seventh day he shall look upon it. If the spot be not grown, and the hair keep its colour, and the place of the blemish be even with the other flesh: 33 The man shall be shaven all but the place of the spot: and he shall be shut up other seven days. 34 If on the seventh day the evil seem to have stayed in its place, and not lower than the other flesh, he shall cleanse him: and his clothes being washed he shall be clean. 35 But if after his cleansing the spot spread again in the skin: 36 He shall seek no more whether the hair be turned yellow, because he is evidently unclean. 37 But if the spot be stayed, and the hair be black, let him know that the man is healed: and let him confidently pronounce him clean. 38 If a whiteness appear in the skin of a man or a woman, 39 the priest shall view them. If he find that a darkish whiteness shines in the skin, let him know that it is not the leprosy, but a white blemish, and that the man is clean. 40 The man whose hair falls off from his head, he is bald and clean: 41 And if the hair fall from his forehead, he is bald before and clean. 42 But if in the bald head or in the bald forehead there be risen a white or reddish colour: 43 And the priest perceive this, he shall condemn him undoubtedly of leprosy which is risen in the bald part. 44 Now whosoever shall be defiled with the leprosy, and is separated by the judgment of the priest: 45 Shall have his clothes hanging loose, his head bare, his mouth covered with a cloth: and he shall cry out that he is defiled and unclean. 46 All the time that he is a leper and unclean he shall dwell alone without the camp. 47 A woollen or linen garment that shall have the leprosy 48 in the warp, and the woof: or skin, or whatsoever is made of a skin: 49 If it be infected with a white or red spot, it shall be accounted the leprosy, and shall be shown to the priest. 50 And he shall look upon it and shall shut it up seven days. 51 And on the seventh day when he looks on it again, if he find that it is grown, it is a fixed leprosy. He shall judge the garment unclean, and everything wherein it shall be found. 52 And therefore it shall be burnt with fire. 53 But if he see that it is not grown, 54 he shall give orders, and they shall wash that part wherein the leprosy is: and he shall shut it up other seven days. 55 And when he shall see that the former colour is not returned, nor yet the leprosy spread, he shall judge it unclean: and shall burn it with fire, for the leprosy has taken hold of the outside of the garment, or through the whole. 56 But if the place of the leprosy be somewhat dark, after the garment is washed, he shall tear it off, and divide it from that which is sound. 57 And if after this there appear in those places that before were without spot, a flying and wandering leprosy: it must be burnt with fire. 58 If it cease, he shall wash with water the parts that are pure, the second time: and they shall be clean. 59 This is the law touching the leprosy of any woollen or linen garment, either in the warp or woof, or anything of skins: how it ought to be cleaned, or pronounced unclean.

And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 2 This is the rite of a leper, when he is to be cleansed. He shall be brought to the priest: 3 Who going out of the camp, when he shall find that the leprosy is cleansed, 4 shall command him that is to be purified, to offer for himself two living sparrows, which it is lawful to eat, and cedar wood, and scarlet, and hyssop. 5 And he shall command one of the sparrows to be immolated in an earthen vessel over living waters. 6 But the other that is alive, he shall dip, with the cedar wood, and the scarlet and the hyssop, in the blood of the sparrow that is immolated: 7 Wherewith he shall sprinkle him that is to be cleansed seven times, that he may be rightly purified. And he shall let go the living sparrow, that it may fly into the field. 8 And when the man has washed his clothes, he shall shave all the hair of his body, and shall be washed with water: and being purified he shall enter into the camp, yet so that he tarry without his own tent seven days. 9 And on the seventh day he shall shave the hair of his head, and his beard and his eyebrows, and the hair of all his body. And having washed again his clothes, and his body, 10 on the eighth day, he shall take two lambs without blemish, and an ewe of a year old without blemish, and three tenths of flour tempered with oil for a sacrifice, and a sextary of oil apart. 11 And when the priest that purifies the man, has presented him, and all these things before the Lord, at the door of the tabernacle of the testimony: 12 He shall take a lamb, and offer it for a trespass offering with the sextary of oil. And having offered all before the Lord, 13 he shall immolate the lamb, where the victim for sin is wont to be immolated, and the holocaust, that is, in the holy place. For as that which is for sin, so also the victim for a trespass offering pertains to the priest: it is holy of holies. 14 And the priest taking of the blood of the victim that was immolated for trespass, shall put it upon the tip of the right ear of him that is cleansed, and upon the thumb of his right hand and the great toe of his right foot. 15 And he shall pour of the sextary of oil into his own left hand, 16 and shall dip his right finger in it, and sprinkle it before the Lord seven times. 17 And the rest of the oil in his left hand, he shall pour upon the tip of the right ear of him that is cleansed, and upon the thumb of his right hand and the great toe of his right foot, and upon the blood that was shed for trespass: 18 And upon his head. 19 And he shall pray for him before the Lord, and shall offer the sacrifice for sin. Then shall he immolate the holocaust. 20 And put it on the altar with the libations thereof: and the man shall be rightly cleansed. 21 But if he be poor, and his hand cannot find the things aforesaid: he shall take a lamb for an offering for trespass, that the priest may pray for him, and a tenth part of flour tempered with oil for a sacrifice, and a sextary of oil: 22 And two turtles or two young pigeons, of which one may be for sin, and the other for a holocaust. 23 And he shall offer them on the eighth day of his purification to the priest, at the door of the tabernacle of the testimony before the Lord. 24 And the priest receiving the lamb for trespass, and the sextary of oil, shall elevate them together. 25 And the lamb being immolated, he shall put of the blood thereof upon the tip of the right ear of him that is cleansed, and upon the thumb of his right hand, and the great toe of his right foot. 26 But he shall pour part of the oil into his own left hand, 27 and dipping the finger of his right hand in it, he shall sprinkle it seven times before the Lord. 28 And he shall touch the tip of the right ear of him that is cleansed, and the thumb of his right hand and the great toe of his right foot, in the place of the blood that was shed for trespass. 29 And the other part of the oil that is in his left hand, he shall pour upon the head of the purified person, that he may appease the Lord for him. 30 And he shall offer a turtle, or young pigeon: 31 One for trespass, and the other for a holocaust, with their libations. 32 This is the sacrifice of a leper, that is not able to have all things that appertain to his cleansing. 33 And the Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying: 34 When you shall come into the land of Chanaan, which I will give you for a possession, if there be the plague or leprosy in a house: 35 He whose house it is, shall go and tell the priest, saying: It seems to me, that there is the plague of leprosy in my house, 36 and he shall command, that they carry forth all things out of the house, before he go into it, and see whether it have the leprosy, let all things become unclean that are in the house. And afterwards he shall go in to view the leprosy of the house. 37 And if he see in the walls thereof as it were little dints, disfigured with paleness or redness, and lower than all he rest: 38 He shall go out of the door of the house, and forthwith shut it up seven days, 39 and returning on the seventh day, he shall look upon it. If he find that the leprosy is spread, 40 he shall command, that the stones wherein the leprosy is, be taken out, and cast without the city into an unclean place: 41 And that the house be scraped on the inside round about, and the dust of the scrapings be scattered without the city into an unclean place: 42 And that other stones be laid in the place of them that were taken away, and the house be plastered with other mortar. 43 But if after the stones be taken out, and the dust scraped off, and it be plastered with other earth. 44 The priest going in perceive that the leprosy is returned, and the walls full of spots, it is a lasting leprosy, and the house is unclean. 45 And they shall destroy it forthwith, and shall cast the stones and timber thereof, and all the dust without the town into an unclean place. 46 He that enters into the house when it is shut, shall be unclean until evening, 47 and he that sleeps in it, and eats anything, shall wash his clothes. 48 But if the priest going in perceive that the leprosy is not spread in the house, after it was plastered again, he shall purify it, it being cured. 49 And for the purification thereof he shall take two sparrows, and cedar wood, and scarlet, and hyssop. 50 And having immolated one sparrow in an earthen vessel, over living waters, 51 he shall take the cedar wood, and the hyssop, and the scarlet, and the living sparrow, and shall dip all in the blood of the sparrow that is immolated, and in the living water: and he shall sprinkle the house seven times. 52 And shall purify it as well with the blood of the sparrow, as with the living water, and with the living sparrow, and with the cedar wood, and the hyssop, and the scarlet. 53 And when he has let go the sparrow to fly freely away into the field, he shall pray for the house: and it shall be rightly cleansed. 54 This is the law of every kind of leprosy and stroke. 55 Of the leprosy of garments and houses, 56 of a scar and of blisters breaking out of a shining spot, and when the colours are diversely changed: 57 That it may be known when a thing is clean or unclean.

[* Living waters… That is, waters taken from a spring, brook, or river. (Challoner) * A sextary… Hebrew log: a measure of liquids, which was the twelfth part of a hin; and held about as much as six eggs. (Challoner) * Taking of the blood, etc… These ceremonies used in the cleansing of a leper, were mysterious and very significative. The sprinkling seven times with the blood of the little bird, the washing himself and his clothes, the shaving his hair and his beard, signify the means which are to be used in the reconciliation of a sinner, and the steps by which he is to return to God, viz., by the repeated application of the blood of Christ: the washing his conscience with the waters of compunction: and retrenching all vanities and superfluities, by employing all that is over and above what is necessary in alms deeds. The sin offering, and the holocaust or burnt offering, which he was to offer at his cleansing, signify the sacrifice of a contrite and humble heart, and that of adoration in spirit and truth, with gratitude and thankfulness, for the forgiveness of sins, with which we are ever to appear before the Almighty. The touching the right ear, the thumb of the right hand, and the great toe of the right foot, first with the blood of the victim, and then with the remainder of the oil, which had been sprinkled seven times before the Lord, signify the application of the blood of Christ, and the unction of the sevenfold grace of the Holy Ghost; to the sinner’s right ear, that he may duly hearken to and obey the law of God; and to his right hand and foot, that the works of his hands, and all the steps or affections of his soul, signified by the feet, may be rightly directed to God. (Challoner)]

Leviticus 22, 31 nn 31 Keep my commandments, and do them. I am the Lord. 32 Profane not my holy name, that I may be sanctified in the midst of the children of Israel. I am the Lord who sanctify you: 33 And who brought you out of the land of Egypt, that I might be your God. I am the Lord.

Deuteronomy 20, 12 12 But if they will not make peace, and shall begin war against you, you shall besiege it.

1 Samuel 2, 17 17 Wherefore the sin of the young men was exceeding great before the Lord: because they withdrew men from the sacrifice of the Lord.

1 Samuel 3, 11 nn 11 And the Lord said to Samuel: Behold I do a thing in Israel: and whosoever shall hear it, both his ears shall tingle. 12 In that day I will raise up against Heli all the things I have spoken concerning his house: I will begin, and I will make an end. 13 For I have foretold unto him, that I will judge his house for ever, for iniquity, because he knew that his sons did wickedly, and did not chastise them.

Kings 8, 10 nn 10 And it came to pass, when the priests had come out of the sanctuary, that a cloud filled the house of the Lord, 11 and the priests could not stand to minister because of the cloud: for the glory of the Lord had filled the house of the Lord. 12 Then Solomon said: The Lord said that he would dwell in a cloud.

Psalm 99, 3 – 9 3 Let them give praise to your great name: for it is terrible and holy: 4 And the king’s honour loves judgment. You have prepared directions: you have done judgment and justice in Jacob. 5 Exalt the Lord our God, and adore his footstool, for it is holy. 6 Moses and Aaron among his priests: and Samuel among them that call upon his name. They called upon the Lord, and he heard them: 7 He spoke to them in the pillar of the cloud. They kept his testimonies, and the commandment which he gave them. 8 You heard them, O Lord our God: you were a merciful God to them, and taking vengeance on all their inventions. 9 Exalt the Lord our God, and adore at his holy mountain: for the Lord our God is holy.

[* Loves judgment… Requires discretion. — Ibid. (Challoner) * Directions… Most right and just laws to direct men. (Challoner) * Adore his footstool… The ark of the covenant was called, in the Old Testament, God’s footstool: over which he was understood to sit, on his propitiatory, or mercy seat, as on a throne, between the wings of the cherubims, in the sanctuary: to which the children of Israel paid a great veneration. But as this psalm evidently relates to Christ, and the New Testament, where the ark has no place, the holy fathers understand this text, of the worship paid by the Church to the body and blood of Christ in the sacred mysteries: inasmuch as the humanity of Christ is, as it were, the footstool of the divinity. So St. Ambrose, L. 3. De Spiritu Sancto, c. 12. And St. Augustine upon this psalm. (Challoner) * Moses and Aaron among his priests… By this it is evident, that Moses also was a priest, and indeed the chief priest, inasmuch as he consecrated Aaron, and offered sacrifice for him. Leviticus 8. So that his pre-eminence over Aaron makes nothing for lay church headship. (Challoner) * All their inventions… that is, all the enterprises of their enemies against them, as in the case of Core, Dathan, and Abiron. (Challoner)]

Isaiah 8, 13 13 Sanctify the Lord of hosts himself: and let him be your fear, and let him be your dread

Exodus 33, 12 – 17 12 And Moses said to the Lord: You command me to lead forth this people; and you do not let me know whom you will send with me, especially whereas you have said: I know you by name, and you have found favour in my sight. 13 If therefore I have found favour in your sight, show me your face, that I may know you, and may find grace before your eyes: look upon your people this nation. 14 And the Lord said: My face shall go before you, and I will give you rest. 15 And Moses said: If you yourself do not go before, bring us not out of this place. 16 For how shall we be able to know, I and your people, that we have found grace in your sight, unless you walk with us, that we may be glorified by all people that dwell upon the earth? 17 And the Lord said to Moses: This word also, which you have spoken, will I do; for you have found grace before me, and you I have known by name. [I know thee by name… In the language of the scriptures, God is said to know such as he approves and loves: and to know by name, those whom he favours in a most singular manner, as he did his servant Moses. (Challoner)]

Leviticus 11, 31 31 All these are unclean. He that touches their carcasses shall be unclean until the evening.

Leviticus 15, 4 – 27 4 Every bed on which he sleeps, shall be unclean, and every place on which he sits. 5 If any man touch his bed, he shall wash his clothes and being washed with water, he shall be unclean until the evening. 6 If a man sit where that man has sitten, he also shall wash his clothes: and being washed with water, shall be unclean until the evening. 7 He that touches his flesh, shall wash his clothes: and being himself washed with water shall be unclean until the evening. 8 If such a man cast his spittle upon him that is clean, he shall wash his clothes: and being washed with water, he shall be unclean until the evening. 9 The saddle on which he has sitten shall be unclean. 10 And whatsoever has been under him that has the issue of seed, shall be unclean until the evening. He that carries any of these things, shall wash his clothes: and being washed with water, he shall be unclean until the evening. 11 Every person whom such a one shall touch, not having washed his hands before, shall wash his clothes: and being washed with water, shall be unclean until the evening. 12 If he touch a vessel of earth, it shall be broken: but if a vessel of wood, it shall be washed with water. 13 If he who suffers this disease be healed, he shall number seven days after his cleansing: and having washed his clothes, and all his body in living water, he shall be clean. 14 And on the eighth day he shall take two turtles, or two young pigeons, and he shall come before the Lord, to the door of the tabernacle of the testimony, and shall give them to the priest. 15 Who shall offer one for sin, and the other for a holocaust: and he shall pray for him before the Lord, that he may be cleansed of the issue of his seed. 16 The man from whom the seed of copulation goes out, shall wash all his body with water: and he shall be unclean until the evening. 17 The garment or skin that he wears, he shall wash with water: and it shall be unclean until the evening. 18 The woman, with whom he copulates, shall be washed with water: and shall be unclean until the evening. 19 The woman, who at the return of the month, has her issue of blood, shall be separated seven days. 20 Every one that touches her, shall be unclean until the evening. 21 And everything that she sleeps on, or that she sits on in the days of her separation, shall be defiled. 22 He that touches her bed shall wash his clothes: and being himself washed with water, shall be unclean until the evening. 23 Whosoever shall touch any vessel on which she sits, shall wash his clothes: and himself being washed with water, shall be defiled until the evening. 24 If a man copulates with her in the time of her flowers, he shall be unclean seven days: and every bed on which he shall sleep, shall be defiled. 25 The woman that has still issue of blood many days out of her ordinary time, or that ceases not to flow after the monthly courses, as long as she is subject to this disease, shall be unclean, in the same manner as if she were in her flowers. 26 Every bed on which she sleeps, and every vessel on which she sits, shall be defiled. 27 Whosoever touches them shall wash his clothes: and himself being washed with water, shall be unclean until the evening.

Leviticus 16, 1 – 16 And the Lord spoke to Moses, after the death of the two sons of Aaron when they were slain upon their offering strange fire: 2 And he commanded him, saying: Speak to Aaron your brother, that he enter not at all into the sanctuary, which is within the veil before the propitiatory, with which the ark is covered, lest he die, (for I will appear in a cloud over the oracle), 3 unless he first do these things. He shall offer a calf for sin, and a ram for a holocaust. 4 He shall be vested with a linen tunick: he shall cover his nakedness with linen breeches: he shall be girded with a linen girdle, and he shall put a linen mitre upon his head. For these are holy vestments: all which he shall put on, after he is washed. 5 And he shall receive from the whole multitude of the children of Israel two buck goats for sin, and one ram for a holocaust. 6 And when he has offered the cattle and prayed for himself and for his own house: 7 He shall make the two buck goats to stand before the Lord in the door of the tabernacle of the testimony. 8 And casting lots upon them both, one to be offered to the Lord, and the other to be the emissary goat: 9 That whose lot fell to be offered to the Lord, he shall offer for sin. 10 But that whose lot was to be the emissary goat, he shall present before the Lord, that he may pour prayers upon him, and let him go into the wilderness. 11 After these things are duly celebrated, he shall offer the calf: and praying for himself and for his own house, he shall immolate it. 12 And taking the censer, which he has filled with the burning coals of the altar, and taking up with his hands the compounded perfume for incense, he shall go in within the veil into the holy place: 13 That when the perfumes are put upon the fire, the cloud and vapour thereof may cover the oracle, which is over the testimony, and he may not die. 14 He shall take also of the blood of the calf, and sprinkle with his finger seven times towards the propitiatory to the east. 15 And when he has killed the buck goat for the sin of the people, he shall carry in the blood thereof within the veil, as he was commanded to do with the blood of the calf, that he may sprinkle it over against the oracle: 16 And may expiate the sanctuary from the uncleanness of the children of Israel, and from their transgressions, and all their sins. According to this rite shall he do to the tabernacle of the testimony, which is fixed among them in the midst of the filth of their habitation. [Enter not… No one but the high priest, and he but once a year, could enter into the sanctuary; to signify that no one could enter into the sanctuary of heaven, till Christ our high priest opened it by his passion. Hebrews 10:8. (Challoner)]

Leviticus 21 he Lord said also to Moses: Speak to the priests the sons of Aaron, and you shall say for them: Let not a priest incur an uncleanness at the death of his citizens. 2 But only for his kin, such as are near in blood: that is to say, for his father and for his mother, and for his son, and for his daughter, for his brother also: 3 And for a maiden sister, who has had no husband. 4 But not even for the prince of his people shall he do anything that may make him unclean. 5 Neither shall they shave their head, nor their beard, nor make incisions in their flesh. 6 They shall be holy to their God, and shall not profane his name. For they offer the burnt offering of the Lord, and the bread of their God: and therefore they shall be holy. 7 They shall not take to wife a harlot or a vile prostitute, nor one that has been put away from her husband: because they are consecrated to their God, 8 and offer the loaves of proposition. Let them therefore be holy because I also am holy: the Lord, who sanctify them. 9 If the daughter of a priest be taken in whoredom and dishonour the name of her father, she shall be burnt with fire. 10 The high priest, that is to say, the priest who is the greatest among his brethren, upon whose head the oil of unction has been poured; and whose hands have been consecrated for the priesthood; and who has been vested with the holy vestments. He shall not uncover his head: he shall not rend his garments. 11 Nor shall he go in at all to any dead person: not even for his father, or his mother, shall he be defiled. 12 Neither shall he go out of the holy places, lest he defile the sanctuary of the Lord: because the oil of the holy unction of his God is upon him. I am the Lord. 13 He shall take a virgin unto his wife. 14 But a widow or one that is divorced, or defiled, or a harlot, he shall not take: but a maid of his own people. 15 He shall not mingle the stock of his kindred with the common people of this nation: for I am the Lord who sanctify him. 16 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 17 Say to Aaron: Whosoever of your seed throughout their families, has a blemish, he shall not offer bread to his God. 18 Neither shall he approach to minister to him: If he be blind; if he be lame; if he have a little, or a great, or a crooked nose; 19 if his foot, or if his hand be broken; 20 if he be crookbacked; or blear eyed; or have a pearl in his eye, or a continual scab, or a dry scurf in his body, or a rupture. 21 Whosoever of the seed of Aaron the priest has a blemish: he shall not approach to offer sacrifices to the Lord, nor bread to his God. 22 He shall eat nevertheless of the loaves that are offered in the sanctuary. 23 Yet so that he enter not within the veil, nor approach to the altar: because he has a blemish, and he must not defile my sanctuary. I am the Lord who sanctify them. 24 Moses, therefore spoke to Aaron, and to his sons and to all Israel, all the things that had been commanded him. [An uncleanness… Viz., such as was contracted in laying out the dead body, or touching it; or in going into the house, or assisting at the funeral, etc. (Challoner)]

Leviticus 23, 31 – 33 31 You shall do no work therefore on that day: it shall be an everlasting ordinance unto you in all your generations, and dwellings. 32 It is a sabbath of rest, and you shall afflict your souls beginning on the ninth day of the month. From evening until evening you shall celebrate your sabbaths. 33 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: (34)

Numbers 4, 1. 20 1 And the Lord spoke to Moses, and Aaron, saying: (2) 20 Let not others by any curiosity see the things that are in the sanctuary before they be wrapped up, otherwise they shall die.

Deuteronomy 7, 1 – 6 1 When the Lord your God shall have brought you into the land, which you are going in to possess, and shall have destroyed many nations before you, the Hethite, and the Gergezite, and the Amorrhite, and the Chanaanite, and the Pherezite, and the Hevite, and the Jebusite, seven nations much more numerous than you are, and stronger than you: 2 And the Lord your God shall have delivered them to you, you shall utterly destroy them. You shall make no league with them, nor show mercy to them: 3 Neither shall you make marriages with them. You shall not give your daughter to his son, nor take his daughter for your son: 4 For she will turn away your son from following me, that he may rather serve strange gods, and the wrath of the Lord will be kindled, and will quickly destroy you. 5 But thus rather shall you deal with them: Destroy their altars, and break their statues, and cut down their groves, and burn their graven things. 6 Because you are a holy people to the Lord your God. The Lord your God has chosen you, to be his peculiar people of all peoples that are upon the earth.

Job 15, 15 15 Behold among his saints none is unchangeable, and the heavens are not pure in his sight.

Isaiah 7, 9 9 And the head of Ephraim is Samaria, and the head of Samaria is the son of Romelia. If you will not believe, you shall not continue.

Isaiah 41, 14 – 20 14 Fear not, you worm of Jacob, you that are dead of Israel: I have helped you, says the Lord: and your Redeemer the Holy One of Israel. 15 I have made you as a new thrashing wain, with teeth like a saw: you shall thrash the mountains, and break them in pieces: and shall make the hills as chaff. 16 You shall fan them, and the wind shall carry them away, and the whirlwind shall scatter them: and you shall rejoice in the Lord, in the Holy One of Israel you shall be joyful. 17 The needy and the poor seek for waters, and there are none: their tongue has been dry with thirst. I the Lord will hear them, I the God of Israel will not forsake them. 18 I will open rivers in the high hills, and fountains in the midst of the plains: I will turn the desert into pools of waters, and the impassable land into streams of waters. 19 I will plant in the wilderness the cedar, and the thorn, and the myrtle, and the olive tree: I will set in the desert the fir tree, the elm, and the box tree together: 20 That they may see and know, and consider, and understand together that the hand of the Lord has done this, and the Holy One of Israel has created it.

Isaiah 43, 3 – 14 3 For I am the Lord your God, the Holy One of Israel, your Saviour: I have given Egypt for your atonement, Ethiopia and Saba for you. 4 Since you became honourable in my eyes, you are glorious: I have loved you, and I will give men for you, and people for your life. 5 Fear not, for I am with you: I will bring your seed from the east, and gather you from the west. 6 I will say to the north: Give up: and to the south: Keep not back: bring my sons from afar, and my daughters from the ends of the earth. 7 And every one that calls upon my name, I have created him for my glory. I have formed him, and made him. 8 Bring forth the people that are blind, and have eyes: that are deaf, and have ears. 9 All the nations are assembled together, and the tribes are gathered: who among you can declare this, and shall make us hear the former things? Let them bring forth their witnesses, let them be justified, and hear, and say: It is truth. 10 You are my witnesses, says the Lord, and my servant whom I have chosen: that you may know, and believe me, and understand that I myself am. Before me there was no God formed, and after me there shall be none. 11 I am, I am the Lord: and there is no saviour besides me. 12 I have declared, and have saved. I have made it heard, and there was no strange one among you. You are my witnesses, says the Lord, and I am God. 13 And from the beginning I am the same, and there is none that can deliver out of my hind: I will work, and who shall turn it away? 14 Thus says the Lord your redeemer, the Holy One of Israel: For your sake I sent to Babylon, and have brought down all their bars, and the Chaldeans glorying in their ships.

Isaiah 49, 7 7 Thus says the Lord the redeemer of Israel, his Holy One, to the soul that is despised, to the nation that is abhorred, to the servant of rulers: Kings shall see, and princes shall rise up, and adore for the Lord’s sake, because he is faithful, and for the Holy One of Israel, who has chosen you.

Isaiah 54, 1 – 5 1 Give praise, O you barren, that bear not: sing forth praise, and make a joyful noise, you that did not travail with child: for many are the children of the desolate, more than of her that has a husband, says the Lord. 2 Enlarge the place of your tent, and stretch out the skins of your tabernacles, spare not: lengthen your cords, and strengthen your stakes. 3 For you shall pass on to the right hand, and to the left: and your seed shall inherit the Gentiles, and shall inhabit the desolate cities. 4 Fear not, for you shall not be confounded, nor blush: for you shall not be put to shame, because you shall forget the shame of your youth, and shall remember no more the reproach of your widowhood. 5 For he that made you shall rule over you, the Lord of hosts is his name: and your Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel, shall be called the God of all the earth.

Iz 60, 9 – 14 9 For, the islands wait for me, and the ships of the sea in the beginning: that I may bring your sons from afar: their silver, and their gold with them, to the name of the Lord your God, and to the Holy One of Israel, because he has glorified you. 10 And the children of strangers shall build up your walls, and their kings shall minister to you: for in my wrath have I struck you, and in my reconciliation have I had mercy upon you. 11 And your gates shall be open continually: they shall not be shut day nor night, that the strength of the Gentiles may be brought to you, and their kings may be brought. 12 For the nation and the kingdom that will not serve you, shall perish: and the Gentiles shall be wasted with desolation. 13 The glory of Libanus shall come to you, the fir tree, and the box tree, and the pine tree together, to beautify the place of my sanctuary: and I will glorify the place of my feet. 14 And the children of them that afflict you, shall come bowing down to you, and all that slandered you shall worship the steps of your feet, and shall call you the city of the Lord, the Sion of the Holy One of Israel.

Ezekiel 1, 1 – 28 1 Now it came to pass in the thirtieth year, in the fourth month, on the fifth day of the month, when I was in the midst of the captives by the river Chobar, the heavens were opened, and I saw the visions of God. 2 On the fifth day of the month, the same was the fifth year of the captivity of King Joachin, 3 the word of the Lord came to Ezechiel the priest the son of Buzi in the land of the Chaldeans, by the river Chobar: and the hand of the Lord was there upon him. 4 And I saw, and behold a whirlwind came out of the north: and a great cloud, and a fire infolding it, and brightness was about it: and out of the midst thereof, that is, out of the midst of the fire, as it were the resemblance of amber: 5 And in the midst thereof the likeness of four living creatures: and this was their appearance: there was the likeness of a man in them. 6 Every one had four faces, and every one four wings. 7 Their feet were straight feet, and the sole of their foot was like the sole of a calf’s foot, and they sparkled like the appearance of glowing brass. 8 And they had the hands of a man under their wings on their four sides: and they had faces, and wings on the four sides, 9 and the wings of one were joined to the wings of another. They turned not when they went: but every one went straight forward. 10 And as for the likeness of their faces: there was the face of a man, and the face of a lion on the right side of all the four: and the face of an ox, on the left side of all the four: and the face of an eagle over all the four. 11 And their faces, and their wings were stretched upward: two wings of every one were joined, and two covered their bodies: 12 And every one of them went straight forward: whither the impulse of the spirit was to go, thither they went: and they turned not when they went. 13 And as for the likeness of the living creatures, their appearance was like that of burning coals of fire, and like the appearance of lamps. This was the vision running to and fro in the midst of the living creatures, a bright fire, and lightning going forth from the fire. 14 And the living creatures ran and returned like flashes of lightning. 15 Now as I beheld the living creatures, there appeared upon the earth by the living creatures one wheel with four faces. 16 And the appearance of the wheels, and the work of them was like the appearance of the sea: and the four had all one likeness: and their appearance and their work was as it were a wheel in the midst of a wheel. 17 When they went, they went by their four parts: and they turned not when they went. 18 The wheels had also a size, and a height, and a dreadful appearance: and the whole body was full of eyes round about all the four. 19 And, when the living creatures went, the wheels also went together by them: and when the living creatures were lifted up from the earth, the wheels also were lifted up with them. 20 Whithersoever the spirit went, thither as the spirit went the wheels also were lifted up withal, and followed it: for the spirit of life was in the wheels. 21 When those went these went, and when those stood these stood, and when those were lifted up from the earth, the wheels were lifted up together, and followed them: for the spirit of life was in the wheels. 22 And over the heads of the living creatures was the likeness of the firmament, the appearance of crystal terrible to behold, and stretched out over their heads above. 23 And under the firmament were their wings straight, the one toward the other, every one with two wings covered his body, and the other was covered in like manner. 24 And I heard the noise of their wings, like the noise of many waters, as it were the voice of the most high God: when they walked, it was like the voice of a multitude, like the noise of an army, and when they stood, their wings were let down. 25 For when a voice came from above the firmament, that was over their heads, they stood, and let down their wings. 26 And above the firmament that was over their heads, was the likeness of a throne, as the appearance of the sapphire stone, and upon the likeness of the throne, was the likeness of the appearance of a man above upon it. 27 And I saw as it were the resemblance of amber as the appearance of fire within it round about: from his loins and upward, and from his loins downward, I saw as it were the resemblance of fire shining round about. 28 As the appearance of the rainbow when it is in a cloud on a rainy day: this was the appearance of the brightness round about. [* The thirtieth year… Either of the age of Ezechiel; or, as others will have it, from the solemn covenant made in the eighteenth year of the reign of Josias. 2 Kings 23. (Challoner) * Living creatures… Cherubims (as appears from Sirach 49:10) represented to the prophet under these mysterious shapes, as supporting the throne of God, and as it were drawing his chariot. All this chapter appeared so obscure, and so full of mysteries to the ancient Hebrews, that, as we learn from St. Jerome (Ep. ad Paulin.), they suffered none to read it before they were thirty years old. (Challoner) * When they went, they went by their four parts… That is, indifferently to any of their sides either forward or backward: to the right or to the left. (Challoner)]

Ezekiel 20, 12 – 24 12 Moreover I gave them also my sabbaths, to be a sign between me and them: and that they might know that I am the Lord that sanctify them. 13 But the house of Israel provoked me in the desert: they walked not in my statutes, and they cast away my judgments, which if a man do he shall live in them: and they grievously violated my sabbaths. I said therefore that I would pour out my indignation upon them in the desert, and would consume them. 14 But I spared them for the sake of my name, lest it should be profaned before the nations, from which I brought them out, in their sight. 15 So I lifted up my hand over them in the desert, not to bring them into the land which I had given them flowing with milk and honey, the best of all lands. 16 Because they cast off my judgments, and walked not in my statutes, and violated my sabbaths: for their heart went after idols. 17 Yet my eye spared them, so that I destroyed them not: neither did I consume them in the desert. 18 And I said to their children in the wilderness: Walk not in the statutes of your fathers, and observe not their judgments, nor be defiled with their idols: 19 I am the Lord your God: walk in my statutes, and observe my judgments, and do them. 20 And sanctify my sabbaths, that they may be a sign between me and you: and that you may know that I am the Lord your God. 21 But their children provoked me, they walked not in my commandments, nor observed my judgments to do them: which if a man do, he shall live in them: and they violated my sabbaths: and I threatened to pour out my indignation upon them, and to accomplish my wrath in them in the desert. 22 But I turned away my hand, and wrought for my name’s sake, that it might not be violated before the nations, out of which I brought them forth in their sight. 23 Again I lifted up my hand upon them in the wilderness, to disperse them among the nations, and scatter them through the countries: 24 Because they had not done my judgments, and had cast off my statutes, and had violated my sabbaths, and their eyes had been after the idols of their fathers.

Hosea 11, 9 9 I will not execute the fierceness of my wrath: I will not return to destroy Ephraim: because I am God, and not man: the holy one in the midst of you, and I will not enter into the city.

Exodus 19, 10 – 15 10 And he said to him: Go to the people, and sanctify them today, and tomorrow, and let them wash their garments. 11 And let them be ready against the third day; for on the third day the Lord will come down in the sight of all the people, upon Mount Sinai. 12 And you shall appoint certain limits to the people round about, and you shall say to them: Take heed that you not go up into the mount, and that you touch not the borders thereof: every one that touches the mount, dying he shall die. 13 No hands shall touch him, but he shall be stoned to death, or he shall be shot through with arrows: whether it be beast, or man, he shall not live. When the trumpet shall begin to sound, then let them go up into the mount. 14 And Moses came down from the mount to the people, and sanctified them. And when they had washed their garments, 15 he said to them: Be ready against the third day, and come not near your wives.

Leviticus 17 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 2 Speak to Aaron and his sons, and to all the children of Israel, saying to them: This is the word, which the Lord has commanded, saying: 3 Any man whosoever of the house of Israel, if he kill an ox, or a sheep, or a goat in the camp, or without the camp, 4 and offer it not at the door of the tabernacle an oblation to the Lord, shall be guilty of blood. As if he had shed blood, so shall he perish from the midst of his people. 5 Therefore the children of Israel shall bring to the priest their victims, which they kill in the field, that they may be sanctified to the Lord before the door of the tabernacle of the testimony: and they may sacrifice them for peace offerings to the Lord. 6 And the priest shall pour the blood upon the altar of the Lord, at the door of the tabernacle of the testimony: and shall burn the fat for a sweet odour to the Lord. 7 And they shall no more sacrifice their victims to devils, with whom they have committed fornication. It shall be an ordinance for ever to them and to their posterity. 8 And you shall say to them: The man of the house of Israel, and of the strangers who sojourn among you, that offers a holocaust or a victim, 9 and brings it not to the door of the tabernacle of the testimony, that it may be offered to the Lord, shall perish from among his people. 10 If any man whosoever of the house of Israel, and of the strangers that sojourn among them, eat blood, I will set my face against his soul, and will cut him off from among his people. 11 Because the life of the flesh is in the blood: and I have given it to you, that you may make atonement with it upon the altar for your souls, and the blood may be for an expiation of the soul. 12 Therefore I have said to the children of Israel: No soul of you, nor of the strangers that sojourn among you, shall eat blood. 13 Any man whosoever of the children of Israel, and of the strangers that sojourn among you, if by hunting or fowling, he take a wild beast or a bird, which is lawful to eat, let him pour out its blood, and cover it with earth. 14 For the life of all flesh is in the blood. Therefore I said to the children of Israel: you shall not eat the blood of any flesh at all, because the life of the flesh is in the blood, and whosoever eats it, shall be cut off. 15 The soul that eats that which died of itself, or has been caught by a beast, whether he be one of your own country or a stranger, shall wash his clothes and himself with water, and shall be defiled until the evening: and in this manner he shall be made clean. 16 But if he do not wash his clothes, and his body, he shall bear his iniquity. [* If he kill, etc… That is, in order to sacrifice. The law of God forbids sacrifices to be offered in any other place but at the tabernacle or temple of the Lord; to signify that no sacrifice would be acceptable to God, out of his true temple, the one holy, catholic, apostolic church. (Challoner) * Eat blood… To eat blood was forbidden in the law; partly, because God reserved it to himself, to be offered in sacrifices on the altar, as to the Lord of life and death; and as a figure of the blood of Christ; and partly, to give men a horror of shedding blood. Genesis 9:4-6. (Challoner)]

Leviticus 18 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 2 Speak to the children of Israel, and you shall say to them: I am the Lord your God. 3 You shall not do according to the custom of the land of Egypt, in which you dwelt: neither shall you act according to the manner of the country of Chanaan, into which I will bring you. Nor shall you walk in their ordinances. 4 You shall do my judgments, and shall observe my precepts, and shall walk in them. I am the Lord your God. 5 Keep my laws and my judgments: which if a man do, he shall live in them, I am the Lord. 6 No man shall approach to her that is near of kin to him, to uncover her nakedness. I am the Lord. 7 You shall not uncover the nakedness of your father, or the nakedness of your mother: she is your mother, you shall not uncover her nakedness. 8 You shall not uncover the nakedness of your father’s wife: for it is the nakedness of your father. 9 You shall not uncover the nakedness of your sister by father or by mother: whether born at home or abroad. 10 You shall not uncover the nakedness of your son’s daughter, or your daughter’s daughter: because it is your own nakedness. 11 You shall not uncover the nakedness of your father’s wife’s daughter, whom she bore to your father: and who is your sister. 12 You shall not uncover the nakedness of your father’s sister: because she is the flesh of your father. 13 You shall not uncover the nakedness of your mother’s sister: because she is your mother’s flesh. 14 You shall not uncover the nakedness of your father’s brother: neither shall you approach to his wife, who is joined to you by affinity. 15 You shall not uncover the nakedness of your daughter in law: because she is your son’s wife, neither shall you discover her shame. 16 You shall not uncover the nakedness of your brother’s wife: because it is the nakedness of your brother. 17 You shall not uncover the nakedness of your wife and her daughter. You shall not take her son’s daughter or her daughter’s daughter, to discover her shame: because they are her flesh, and such copulation is incest. 18 You shall not take your wife’s sister for a harlot, to rival her: neither shall you discover her nakedness, while she is yet living. 19 You shall not approach to a woman having her flowers: neither shall you uncover her nakedness. 20 You shall not lie with your neighbour’s wife: nor be defiled with mingling of seed. 21 You shall not give any of your seed to be consecrated to the idol Moloch, nor defile the name of your God. I am the Lord. 22 You shall not lie with mankind as with womankind: because it is an abomination. 23 You shall not copulate with any beast: neither shall you be defiled with it. A woman shall not lie down to a beast, nor copulate with it: because it is a heinous crime. 24 Defile not yourselves with any of these things with which all the nations have been defiled, which I will cast out before you, 25 and with which the land is defiled: the abominations of which I will visit, that it may vomit out its inhabitants. 26 Keep my ordinances and my judgments: and do not any of these abominations. Neither any of your own nation, nor any stranger that sojourns among you. 27 For all these detestable things the inhabitants of the land have done, that were before you, and have defiled it. 28 Beware then, lest in like manner, it vomit you also out, if you do the like things: as it vomited out the nation that was before you. 29 Every soul that shall commit any of these abominations, shall perish from the midst of his people. 30 Keep my commandments. Do not the things which they have done, that have been before you: and be not defiled therein. I am the Lord your God. [Because it is a heinous crime… In Hebrew, this word heinous crime is expressed by the word confusion, signifying the shamefulness and baseness of this abominable sin. (Challoner)]

Leviticus 19 The Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 2 Speak to all the congregation of the children of Israel. And you shall say to them: Be holy, because I the Lord your God am holy. 3 Let every one fear his father, and his mother. Keep my sabbaths. I am the Lord your God. 4 Turn not to idols: nor make to yourselves molten gods. I am the Lord your God. 5 If you offer in sacrifice a peace offering to the Lord, that he may be favourable: 6 You shall eat it on the same day it was offered, and the next day. And whatsoever shall be left until the third day, you shall burn with fire. 7 If after two days any man eat thereof, he shall be profane and guilty of impiety: 8 And shall bear his iniquity, because he has defiled the holy thing of the Lord. And that soul shall perish from among his people. 9 When you reap the corn of your land, you shall not cut down all that is on the face of the earth to the very ground: nor shall you gather the ears that remain. 10 Neither shall you gather the bunches and grapes that fall down in your vineyard: but shall leave them to the poor and the strangers to take. I am the Lord your God. 11 You shall not steal. You shall not lie: neither shall any man deceive his neighbour. 12 You shall not swear falsely by my name, nor profane the name of your God. I am the Lord. 13 You shall not calumniate your neighbour, nor oppress him by violence. The wages of him that has been hired by you shall not abide with you until the morning. 14 You shall not speak evil of the deaf, nor put a stumbling block before the blind: but you shall fear the Lord your God, because I am the Lord. 15 You shall not do that which is unjust, nor judge unjustly. Respect not the person of the poor: nor honour the countenance of the mighty. But judge your neighbour according to justice. 16 You shall not be a detractor nor a whisperer among the people. You shall not stand against the blood of your neighbour. I am the Lord. 17 You shall not hate your brother in your heart: But reprove him openly, lest you incur sin through him. 18 Seek not revenge, nor be mindful of the injury of your citizens. You shall love your friend as yourself. I am the Lord. 19 Keep my laws. You shall not make your cattle to gender with beasts of any other kind. You shall not sow your field with different seeds. You shall not wear a garment that is woven of two sorts. 20 If a man carnally lie with a woman that is a bondservant and marriageable, and yet not redeemed with a price, nor made free: they both shall be scourged: and they shall not be put to death, because she was not a free woman. 21 And for his trespass he shall offer a ram to the Lord, at the door of the tabernacle of the testimony. 22 And the priest shall pray for him: and for his sin before the Lord: and he shall have mercy on him, and the sin shall be forgiven. 23 When you shall be come into the land, and shall have planted in it fruit trees, you shall take away the firstfruits of them. The fruit that comes forth shall be unclean to you: neither shall you eat of them. 24 But in the fourth year, all their fruit shall be sanctified, to the praise of the Lord. 25 And in the fifth year you shall eat the fruits thereof, gathering the increase thereof. I am the Lord your God. 26 You shall not eat with blood. You shall not divine nor observe dreams. 27 Nor shall you cut your hair roundwise: nor shave your beard. 28 You shall not make any cuttings in your flesh, for the dead: neither shall you make in yourselves any figures or marks. I am the Lord. 29 Make not your daughter a common strumpet, lest the land be defiled, and filled with wickedness. 30 Keep my sabbaths, and reverence my sanctuary. I am the Lord. 31 Go not aside after wizards: neither ask anything of soothsayers, to be defiled by them. I am the Lord your God. 32 Rise up before the hoary head, and honour the person of the aged man: and fear the Lord your God. I am the Lord. 33 If a stranger dwell in your land, and abide among you, do not upbraid hin: 34 But let him be among you as one of the same country. And you shall love him as yourselves: for you were strangers in the land of Egypt. I am the Lord your God. 35 Do not any unjust thing in judgment, in rule, in weight, or in measure. 36 Let the balance be just and the weights equal, the bushel just, and the sextary equal. I am the Lord your God, that brought you out of the land of Egypt. 37 Keep all my precepts, and all my judgments: and do them. I am the Lord. [* Different seeds, etc… This law tends to recommend simplicity and plain dealing in all things, and to teach the people not to join any false worship or heresy with the worship of the true God. (Challoner) * Firstfruits… Proeputia, literally, their foreskins; it alludes to circumcision, and signifies that for the first three years the trees were to be as uncircumcised, and their fruit unclean: till in the fourth year their increase was sanctified and given to the Lord, that is, to the priests. (Challoner)]

Leviticus 20 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 2 Thus shall you say to the children of Israel: If any man of the children of Israel, or of the strangers that dwell in Israel, give of his seed to the idol Moloch, dying let him die. The people of the land shall stone him. 3 And I will set my face against him: and I will cut him off from the midst of his people, because he has given of his seed to Moloch, and has defiled my sanctuary, and profaned my holy name. 4 And if the people of the land neglecting, and as it were little regarding my commandment, let alone the man that has given of his seed to Moloch, and will not kill him: 5 I will set my face against that man, and his kindred, and will cut off both him and all that consented with him, to commit fornication with Moloch, out of the midst of their people. 6 The soul that shall go aside after magicians, and soothsayers, and shall commit fornication with them: I will set my face against that soul, and destroy it out of the midst of its people. 7 Sanctify yourselves, and be holy: because I am the Lord your God. 8 Keep my precepts, and do them. I am the Lord that sanctify you. 9 He that curses his father, or mother, dying let him die. He has cursed his father, and mother: let his blood be upon him. 10 If any man commit adultery with the wife of another, and defile his neighbour’s wife: let them be put to death, both the adulterer and the adulteress. 11 If a man lie with his stepmother, and discover the nakedness of his father, let them both be put to death: their blood be upon them. 12 If any man lie with his daughter in law: let both die, because they have done a heinous crime. Their blood be upon them. 13 If any one lie with a man as with a woman, both have committed an abomination: let them be put to death. Their blood be upon them. 14 If any man after marrying the daughter, marry her mother, he has done a heinous crime. He shall be burnt alive with them: neither shall so great an abomination remain in the midst of you. 15 He that shall copulate with any beast or cattle, dying let him die: the beast also you shall kill. 16 The woman that shall lie under any beast, shall be killed together with the same. Their blood be upon them. 17 If any man take his sister, the daughter of his father, or the daughter of his mother, and see her nakedness, and she behold her brother’s shame: they have committed a crime. They shall be slain, in the sight of their people, because they have discovered one another’s nakedness. And they shall bear their iniquity. 18 If any man lie with a woman in her flowers, and uncover her nakedness, and she open the fountain of her blood: both shall be destroyed out of the midst of their people. 19 You shall not uncover the nakedness of your aunt by your mother, and of your aunt by your father. He that does this, has uncovered the shame of his own flesh: both shall bear their iniquity. 20 If any man lie with the wife of his uncle by the father, or of his uncle by the mother, and uncover the shame of his near akin, both shall bear their sin. They shall die without children. 21 He that marries his brother’s wife, does an unlawful thing: he has uncovered his brother’s nakedness. They shall be without children. 22 Keep my laws and my judgments, and do them: lest the land into which you are to enter to dwell therein, vomit you also out. 23 Walk not after the laws of the nations, which I will cast out before you. For they have done all these things: and therefore I abhorred them. 24 But to you I say: Possess their land which I will give you for an inheritance, a land flowing with milk and honey. I am the Lord your God, who have separated you from other people. 25 Therefore do you also separate the clean beast from the unclean, and the clean fowl from the unclean. Defile not your souls with beasts, or birds, or any things that move on the earth, and which I have shown you to be unclean: 26 You shall be holy unto me, because I the Lord am holy: and I have separated you from other people, that you should be mine. 27 A man, or woman, in whom there is a pythonical or divining spirit, dying let them die. They shall stone them. Their blood be upon them. [The beast also ye shall kill… The killing of the beast was for the greater horror of the crime, and to prevent the remembrance of such abomination. (Challoner)]

Leviticus 21 The Lord said also to Moses: Speak to the priests the sons of Aaron, and you shall say for them: Let not a priest incur an uncleanness at the death of his citizens. 2 But only for his kin, such as are near in blood: that is to say, for his father and for his mother, and for his son, and for his daughter, for his brother also: 3 And for a maiden sister, who has had no husband. 4 But not even for the prince of his people shall he do anything that may make him unclean. 5 Neither shall they shave their head, nor their beard, nor make incisions in their flesh. 6 They shall be holy to their God, and shall not profane his name. For they offer the burnt offering of the Lord, and the bread of their God: and therefore they shall be holy. 7 They shall not take to wife a harlot or a vile prostitute, nor one that has been put away from her husband: because they are consecrated to their God, 8 and offer the loaves of proposition. Let them therefore be holy because I also am holy: the Lord, who sanctify them. 9 If the daughter of a priest be taken in whoredom and dishonour the name of her father, she shall be burnt with fire. 10 The high priest, that is to say, the priest who is the greatest among his brethren, upon whose head the oil of unction has been poured; and whose hands have been consecrated for the priesthood; and who has been vested with the holy vestments. He shall not uncover his head: he shall not rend his garments. 11 Nor shall he go in at all to any dead person: not even for his father, or his mother, shall he be defiled. 12 Neither shall he go out of the holy places, lest he defile the sanctuary of the Lord: because the oil of the holy unction of his God is upon him. I am the Lord. 13 He shall take a virgin unto his wife. 14 But a widow or one that is divorced, or defiled, or a harlot, he shall not take: but a maid of his own people. 15 He shall not mingle the stock of his kindred with the common people of this nation: for I am the Lord who sanctify him. 16 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 17 Say to Aaron: Whosoever of your seed throughout their families, has a blemish, he shall not offer bread to his God. 18 Neither shall he approach to minister to him: If he be blind; if he be lame; if he have a little, or a great, or a crooked nose; 19 if his foot, or if his hand be broken; 20 if he be crookbacked; or blear eyed; or have a pearl in his eye, or a continual scab, or a dry scurf in his body, or a rupture. 21 Whosoever of the seed of Aaron the priest has a blemish: he shall not approach to offer sacrifices to the Lord, nor bread to his God. 22 He shall eat nevertheless of the loaves that are offered in the sanctuary. 23 Yet so that he enter not within the veil, nor approach to the altar: because he has a blemish, and he must not defile my sanctuary. I am the Lord who sanctify them. 24 Moses, therefore spoke to Aaron, and to his sons and to all Israel, all the things that had been commanded him. [An uncleanness… Viz., such as was contracted in laying out the dead body, or touching it; or in going into the house, or assisting at the funeral, etc. (Challoner)]

Leviticus 22 And the Lord spoke to Moses saying: 2 Speak to Aaron and to his sons, that they beware of those things that are consecrated of the children of Israel: and defile not the name of the things sanctified to me, which they offer. I am the Lord. 3 Say to them and to their posterity: Every man of your race, that approaches to those things that are consecrated, and which the children of Israel have offered to the Lord, in whom there is uncleanness, shall perish before the Lord. I am the Lord. 4 The man of the seed of Aaron, that is a leper, or that suffers a running of the seed, shall not eat of those things that are sanctified to me, until he be healed. He that touches anything unclean by occasion of the dead: and he whose seed goes from him as in generation: 5 And he that touches a creeping thing, or any unclean thing, the touching of which is defiling: 6 Shall be unclean until the evening, and shall not eat those things that are sanctified. But when he has washed his flesh with water, 7 and the sun is down, then being purified, he shall eat of the sanctified things, because it is his meat. 8 That which dies of itself, and that which was taken by a beast, they shall not eat, nor be defiled therewith. I am the Lord. 9 Let them keep my precepts, that they may not fall into sin, and die in the sanctuary, when they shall have defiled it. I am the Lord who sanctify them. 10 No stranger shall eat of the sanctified things: a sojourner of the priests, or a hired servant, shall not eat of them. 11 But he whom the priest has bought, and he that is his servant, born in his house, these shall eat of them. 12 If the daughter of a priest be married to any of the people, she shall not eat of those things that are sanctified nor of the firstfruits. 13 But if she be a widow, or divorced, and having no children return to her father’s house, she shall eat of her father’s meats, as she was wont to do when she was a maid. No stranger has leave to eat of them. 14 He that eats of the sanctified things through ignorance, shall add the fifth part with that which he ate, and shall give it to the priest into the sanctuary. 15 And they shall not profane the sanctified things of the children of Israel, which they offer to the Lord: 16 Lest perhaps they bear the iniquity of their trespass, when they shall have eaten the sanctified things. I am the Lord who sanctify them. 17 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 18 Speak to Aaron, and to his sons, and to all the children of Israel, and you shall say to them: The man of the house of Israel, and of the strangers who dwell with you, that offers his oblation, either paying his vows, or offering of his own accord, whatsoever it be which he presents for a holocaust of the Lord, 19 to be offered by you: it shall be a male without blemish of the beeves, or of the sheep, or of the goats. 20 If it have a blemish you shall not offer it: neither shall it be acceptable. 21 The man that offers a victim of peace offerings to the Lord, either paying his vows, or offering of his own accord, whether of beeves or of sheep, shall offer it without blemish, that it may be acceptable. There shall be no blemish in it. 22 If it be blind, or broken, or have a scar or blisters, or a scab, or a dry scurf: you shall not offer them to the Lord, nor burn anything of them upon the Lord’s altar. 23 An ox or a sheep, that has the ear and the tail cut off, you may offer voluntarily: but a vow may not be paid with them. 24 You shall not offer to the Lord any beast that has the testicles bruised, or crushed, or cut and taken away: neither shall you do any such things in your land. 25 You shall not offer bread to your God, from the hand of a stranger, nor any other thing that he would give: because they are all corrupted, and defiled. You shall not receive them. 26 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 27 When a bullock, or a sheep, or a goat, is brought forth, they shall be seven days under the udder of their dam: but the eighth day, and thenceforth, they may be offered to the Lord. 28 Whether it be a cow, or a sheep, they shall not be sacrificed the same day with their young ones. 29 If you immolate a victim for thanksgiving to the Lord, that he may be favourable, 30 you shall eat it the same day. There shall not any of it remain until the morning of the next day. I am the Lord. 31 Keep my commandments, and do them. I am the Lord. 32 Profane not my holy name, that I may be sanctified in the midst of the children of Israel. I am the Lord who sanctify you: 33 And who brought you out of the land of Egypt, that I might be your God. I am the Lord. [Approaches, etc… This is to give us to understand, with what purity of soul we are to approach to the blessed sacrament of which these meats that had been offered in sacrifice were a figure. (Challoner)]

Leviticus 23 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 2 Speak to the children of Israel, and you shall say to them: These are the feasts of the Lord, which you shall call holy. 3 Six days shall you do work: the seventh day, because it is the rest of the sabbath, shall be called holy. You shall do no work on that day: it is the sabbath of the Lord in all your habitations. 4 These also are the holy days of the Lord, which you must celebrate in their seasons. 5 The first month, the fourteenth day of the month at evening, is the phase of the Lord. 6 And the fifteenth day of the same month is the solemnity of the unleavened bread of the Lord. Seven days shall you eat unleavened bread. 7 The first day shall be most solemn unto you, and holy: you shall do no servile work therein. 8 But you shall offer sacrifice in fire to the Lord seven days. And the seventh day shall be more solemn, and more holy: and you shall do no servile work therein. 9 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 10 Speak to the children of Israel, and you shall say to them: When you shall have entered into the land which I will give you, and shall reap your corn, you shall bring sheaves of ears, the firstfruits of your harvest to the priest. 11 Who shall lift up the sheaf before the Lord, the next day after the sabbath, that it may be acceptable for you, and shall sanctify it. 12 And on the same day that the sheaf is consecrated, a lamb without blemish of the first year shall be killed for a holocaust of the Lord. 13 And the libations shall be offered with it: two tenths of flour tempered with oil, for a burnt offering of the Lord, and a most sweet odour. Libations also of wine, the fourth part of a hin. 14 You shall not eat either bread, or parched corn, or frumenty or the harvest, until the day that you shall offer thereof to your God. It is a precept for ever throughout your generations, and all your dwellings. 15 You shall count therefore from the morrow after the sabbath, wherein you offered the sheaf of firstfruits, seven full weeks. 16 Even unto the morrow after the seventh week be expired, that is to say, fifty days: and so you shall offer a new sacrifice to the Lord. 17 Out of all your dwellings, two loaves of the firstfruits, of two tenths of flour leavened, which you shall bake for the firstfruits of the Lord. 18 And you shall offer with the loaves seven lambs without blemish of the first year, and one calf from the herd, and they shall be for a holocaust with their two rams: and they shall be for a holocaust with their libations for a most sweet odour to the Lord. 19 You shall offer also a buck goat for sin, and two lambs of the first year for sacrifices of peace offerings. 20 And when the priest has lifted them up with the loaves of the firstfruits before the Lord, they shall fall to his use. 21 And you shall call this day most solemn, and most holy. You shall do no servile work therein. It shall be an everlasting ordinance in all your dwellings and generations. 22 And when you reap the corn of your land, you shall not cut it to the very ground: neither shall you gather the ears that remain. But you shall leave them for the poor and for the strangers. I am the Lord your God. 23 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 24 Say to the children of Israel: The seventh month, on the first day of the month, you shall keep a sabbath, a memorial, with the sound of trumpets, and it shall be called holy. 25 You shall do no servile work therein, and you shall offer a holocaust to the Lord. 26 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 27 Upon the tenth day of this seventh month shall be the day of atonement. It shall be most solemn, and shall be called holy: and you shall await your souls on that day, and shall offer a holocaust to the Lord. 28 You shall do no servile work in the time of this day: because it is a day of propitiation, that the Lord your God may be merciful unto you. 29 Every soul that is not afflicted on this day, shall perish from among his people. 30 And every soul that shall do any work, the same will I destroy from among his people. 31 You shall do no work therefore on that day: it shall be an everlasting ordinance unto you in all your generations, and dwellings. 32 It is a sabbath of rest, and you shall afflict your souls beginning on the ninth day of the month. From evening until evening you shall celebrate your sabbaths. 33 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 34 Say to the children of Israel: From the fifteenth day of this same seventh month, shall be kept the feast of tabernacles, seven days to the Lord. 35 The first day shall be called most solemn and most holy: you shall do no servile work therein. And seven days you shall offer holocausts to the Lord. 36 The eighth day also shall be most solemn and most holy: and you shall offer holocausts to the Lord. For it is the day of assembly and congregation. You shall do no servile work therein. 37 These are the feasts of the Lord which you shall call most solemn and most holy, and shall offer on them oblations to the Lord: holocausts and libations according to the rite of every day. 38 Besides the sabbaths of the Lord, and your gifts, and those things that you offer by vow, or which you shall give to the Lord voluntarily. 39 So from the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when you shall have gathered in all the fruits of your land, you shall celebrate the feast of the Lord seven days. On the first day and the eighth shall be a sabbath: that is a day of rest. 40 And you shall take to you on the first day the fruits of the fairest tree, and branches of palm trees, and boughs of thick trees, and willows of the brook: And you shall rejoice before the Lord your God. 41 And you shall keep the solemnity thereof seven days in the year. It shall be an everlasting ordinance in your generations. In the seventh month shall you celebrate this feast. 42 And you shall dwell in bowers seven days. Every one that is of the race of Israel, shall dwell in tabernacles: 43 That your posterity may know, that I made the children of Israel to dwell in tabernacles, when I brought them out of the land of Egypt. I am the Lord your God. 44 And Moses spoke concerning the feasts of the Lord to the children of Israel.

Leviticus 24 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 2 Command the children of Israel, that they bring unto you the finest and clearest oil of olives, to furnish the lamps continually, 3 without the veil of the testimony in the tabernacle of the covenant. And Aaron shall set them from evening until morning before the Lord, by a perpetual service and rite in your generations. 4 They shall be set upon the most pure candlestick before the Lord continually. 5 You shall take also fine flour, and shall bake twelve loaves thereof, two tenths shall be in every loaf. 6 And you shall set them six and six, one against another, upon the most clean table before the Lord. 7 And you shall put upon them the clearest frankincense, that the bread may be for a memorial of the oblation of the Lord. 8 Every sabbath they shall be changed before the Lord: being received of the children of Israel by an everlasting covenant. 9 And they shall be Aaron’s and his sons’, that they may eat them in the holy place: because it is most holy of the sacrifices of the Lord by a perpetual right. 10 And behold there went out the son of a woman of Israel, whom she had of an Egyptian, among the children of Israel: and fell at words in the camp with a man of Israel. 11 And when he had blasphemed the name, and had cursed it, he was brought to Moses. (Now his mother was called Salumith, the daughter of Dabri, of the tribe of Dan.) 12 And they put him into prison, till they might know what the Lord would command. 13 And the Lord spoke to Moses, 14 saying: Bring forth the blasphemer without the camp: and let them that heard him, put their hands upon his head: and let all the people stone him. 15 And you shall speak to the children of Israel: The man that curses his God, shall bear his sin: 16 And he that blasphemes the name of the Lord, dying let him die. All the multitude shall stone him, whether he be a native or a stranger. He that blasphemes the name of the Lord, dying let him die. 17 He that strikes and kills a man: dying let him die. 18 He that kills a beast, shall make it good that is to say, shall give beast for beast. 19 He that gives a blemish to any of his neighbours: as he has done, so shall it be done to him: 20 Breach for breach, eye for eye, tooth for tooth, shall he restore. What blemish he gave, the like shall he be compelled to suffer. 21 He that strikes a beast, shall render another. He that strikes a man shall be punished. 22 Let there be equal judgment among you, whether he be a stranger, or a native that offends: because I am the Lord your God. 23 And Moses spoke to the children of Israel. And they brought forth him that had blasphemed, without the camp: and they stoned him. And the children of Israel did as the Lord had commanded Moses.

Leviticus 25 And the Lord spoke to Moses in mount Sinai, saying: 2 Speak to the children of Israel, and you shall say to them: When you shall have entered into the land which I will give you, observe the rest of the sabbath of the Lord. 3 Six years you shall sow your field and six years you shall prune your vineyard, and shall gather the fruits thereof. 4 But in the seventh year there shall be a sabbath to the land, of the resting of the Lord. You shall not sow your field, nor prune your vineyard. 5 What the ground shall bring forth of itself, you shall not reap: neither shall you gather the grapes or the firstfruits as a vintage. For it is a year of rest to the land. 6 But they shall be unto you for meat, to you and to your manservant, to your maidservant and your hireling, and to the strangers that sojourn with you. 7 All things that grow shall be meat to your beasts and to your cattle. 8 You shall also number to you seven weeks of years: that is to say, seven times seven, which together make forty-nine years. 9 And you shall sound the trumpet in the seventh month, the tenth day of the month, in the time of the expiation in all your land. 10 And you shall sanctify the fiftieth year, and shall proclaim remission to all the inhabitants of your land: for it is the year of jubilee. Every man shall return to his possession, and every one shall go back to his former family: 11 Because it is the jubilee and the fiftieth year. You shall not sow, nor reap the things that grow in the field of their own accord, neither shall you gather the firstfruits of the vines, 12 because of the sanctification of the jubilee. But as they grow you shall presently eat them. 13 In the year of the jubilee all shall return to their possessions. 14 When you shall sell anything to your neighbour, or shall buy of him: grieve not your brother. But you shall buy of him according to the number of years from the jubilee. 15 And he shall sell to you according to the computation of the fruits. 16 The more years remain after the jubilee, the more shall the price increase: and the less time is counted, so much the less shall the purchase cost. For he shall sell to you the time of the fruits. 17 Do not afflict your countrymen: but let every one fear his God. Because I am the Lord your God. 18 Do my precepts, and keep my judgments, and fulfil them: that you may dwell in the land without any fear. 19 And the ground may yield you its fruits, of which you may eat your fill, fearing no man’s invasion. 20 But if you say: What shall we eat the seventh year, if we sow not, nor gather our fruits? 21 I will give you my blessing the sixth year: and it shall yield the fruits of three years. 22 And the eighth year you shall sow, and shall eat of the old fruits, until the ninth year: till new grow up, you shall eat the old store. 23 The land also shall not be sold for ever: because it is mine, and you are strangers and sojourners with me. 24 For which cause all the country of your possession shall be under the condition of redemption. 25 If your brother being impoverished sell his little possession, and his kinsman will: he may redeem what he had sold. 26 But if he have no kinsman, and he himself can find the price to redeem it: 27 The value of the fruits shall be counted from that time when he sold it. And the overplus he shall restore to the buyer, and so shall receive his possession again. 28 But if his hands find not the means to repay the price, the buyer shall have what he bought, until the year of the jubilee. For in that year all that is sold shall return to the owner, and to the ancient possessor. 29 He that sells a house within the walls of a city, shall have the liberty to redeem it, until one year be expired. 30 If he redeem it not, and the whole year be fully out, the buyer shall possess it, and his posterity for ever, and it cannot be redeemed, not even in the jubilee. 31 But if the house be in a village, that has no walls, it shall be sold according to the same law as the fields. If it be not redeemed before, in the jubilee it shall return to the owner. 32 The houses of Levites, which are in cities, may always be redeemed. 33 If they be not redeemed, in the jubilee they shall all return to the owners: because the houses of the cities of the Levites are for their possessions among the children of Israel. 34 But let not their suburbs be sold, because it is a perpetual possession. 35 If your brother be impoverished, and weak of hand, and you receive him as a stranger and sojourner, and he live with you: 36 Take not usury of him nor more than you gave. Fear your God, that your brother may live with you. 37 You shall not give him your money upon usury: nor exact of him any increase of fruits. 38 I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, that I might give you the land of Chanaan, and might be your God. 39 If your brother constrained by poverty, sell himself to you: you shall not oppress him with the service of bondservants. 40 But he shall be as a hireling, and a sojourner: he shall work with you until the year of the jubilee. 41 And afterwards he shall go out with his children: and shall return to his kindred and to the possession of his fathers. 42 For they are my servants, and I brought them out of the land of Egypt: let them not be sold as bondmen. 43 Afflict him not by might: but fear your God. 44 Let your bondmen, and your bondwomen, be of the nations that are round about you: 45 And of the strangers that sojourn among you, or that were born of them in your land. These you shall have for servants: 46 And by right of inheritance shall leave them to your posterity, and shall possess them for ever. But oppress not your brethren the children of Israel by might. 47 If the hand of a stranger or a sojourner grow strong among you, and your brother being impoverished sell himself to him, or to any of his race: 48 After the sale he may be redeemed. He that will of his brethren shall redeem him: 49 Either his uncle, or his uncle’s son, or his kinsman, by blood, or by affinity. But if he himself be able also, he shall redeem himself: 50 Counting only the years from the time of his selling unto the year of the jubilee: and counting the money that he was sold for, according to the number of the years and the reckoning of a hired servant. 51 If there be many years that remain until the jubilee, according to them shall he also repay the price. 52 If few, he shall make the reckoning with him according to the number of the years: and shall repay to the buyer of what remains of the years. 53 His wages being allowed for which he served before: he shall not afflict him violently in your sight. 54 And if by these means he cannot be redeemed, in the year of the jubilee he shall go out with his children. 55 For the children of Israel are my servants, whom I brought forth out of the land of Egypt. [Remission… That is, a general release and discharge from debts and bondage, and a reinstating of every man in his former possessions. (Challoner)]

Leviticus 26 am the Lord your God. You shall not make to yourselves any idol or graven thing: neither shall you erect pillars, nor set up a remarkable stone in your land, to adore it. For I am the Lord your God. 2 Keep my sabbaths, and reverence my sanctuary. I am the Lord. 3 If you walk in my precepts, and keep my commandments, and do them, I will give you rain in due seasons. 4 And the ground shall bring forth its increase: and the trees shall be filled with fruit. 5 The threshing of your harvest shall reach unto the vintage, and the vintage shall reach unto the sowing time: and you shall eat your bread to the full, and dwell in your land without fear. 6 I will give peace in your coasts: you shall sleep, and there shall be none to make you afraid. I will take away evil beasts: and the sword shall not pass through your quarters. 7 You shall pursue your enemies: and they shall fall before you. 8 Five of yours shall pursue a hundred others: and a hundred of you ten thousand. Your enemies shall fall before you by the sword. 9 I will look on you, and make you increase: you shall be multiplied, and I will establish my covenant with you. 10 You shall eat the oldest of the old store: and, new coming on, you shall cast away the old. 11 I will set my tabernacle in the midst of you: and my soul shall not cast you off. 12 I will walk among you, and will be your God: and you shall be my people. 13 I am the Lord your God: who have brought you out of the land of the Egyptians, that you should not serve them: and who have broken the chains of your necks, that you might go upright. 14 But if you will not hear me, nor do all my commandments: 15 If you despise my laws, and contemn my judgments so as not to do those things which are appointed by me, and to make void my covenant: 16 I also will do these things to you. I will quickly visit you with poverty, and burning heat, which shall waste your eyes, and consume your lives. You shall sow your seed in vain, which shall be devoured by your enemies. 17 I will set my face against you, and you shall fall down before your enemies: and shall be made subject to them that hate you. You shall flee when no man pursues you. 18 But if you will not yet for all this obey me: I will chastise you seven times more for your sins. 19 And I will break the pride of your stubbornness: and I will make to you the heaven above as iron, and the earth as brass. 20 Your labour shall be spent in vain: the ground shall not bring forth her increase: nor the trees yield their fruit. 21 If you walk contrary to me, and will not hearken to me, I will bring seven times more plagues upon you for your sins. 22 And I will send in upon you the beasts of the field, to destroy you and your cattle, and make you few in number: and that your highways may be desolate. 23 And if even so you will not amend, but will walk contrary to me: 24 I also will walk contrary to you, and will strike you seven times for your sins. 25 And I will bring in upon you the sword that shall avenge my covenant. And when you shall flee into the cities, I will send the pestilence in the midst of you. And you shall be delivered into the hands of your enemies, 26 after I shall have broken the staff of your bread: so that ten women shall bake your bread in one oven, and give it out by weight: and you shall eat, and shall not be filled, 27 but if you will not for all this hearken to me, but will walk against me, 28 I will also go against you with opposite fury: and I will chastise you with seven plagues for your sins, 29 so that you shall eat the flesh of your sons and of your daughters. 30 I will destroy your high places, and break your idols. You shall fall among the ruins of your idols, and my soul shall abhor you. 31 Insomuch that I will bring your cities to be a wilderness: and I will make your sanctuaries desolate: and will receive no more your sweet odours. 32 And I will destroy your land: and your enemies shall be astonished at it, when they shall be the inhabitants thereof. 33 And I will scatter you among the Gentiles: and I will draw out the sword after you. And your land shall be desert, and your cities destroyed. 34 Then shall the land enjoy her sabbaths all the days of her desolation. When you shall be 35 in the enemy’s land, she shall keep a sabbath, and rest in the sabbaths of her desolation: because she did not rest in your sabbaths, when you dwelt therein. 36 And as to them that shall remain of you I will send fear in their hearts in the countries of their enemies. The sound of a flying leaf shall terrify them: and they shall flee as it were from the sword. They shall fall, when no man pursues them. 37 And they shall every one fall upon their brethren as fleeing from wars: none of you shall dare to resist your enemies. 38 You shall perish among the Gentiles: and an enemy’s land shall consume you. 39 And if of them also some remain, they shall pine away in their iniquities, in the land of their enemies: and they shall be afflicted for the sins of their fathers, and their own. 40 Until they confess their iniquities, and the iniquities of their ancestors, whereby they have transgressed against me, and walked contrary unto me. 41 Therefore I also will walk against them, and bring them into their enemies’ land until their uncircumcised mind be ashamed. Then shall they pray for their sins. 42 And I will remember my covenant, that I made with Jacob, and Isaac, and Abraham. I will remember also the land: 43 Which when she shall be left by them, shall enjoy her sabbaths, being desolate for them. But they shall pray for their sins, because they rejected my judgments, and despised my laws. 44 And yet for all that when they were in the land of their enemies, I did not cast them off altogether. Neither did I so despise them that they should be quite consumed: and I should make void my covenant with them. For I am the Lord their God. 45 And I will remember my former covenant, when I brought them out of the land of Egypt, in the sight of the Gentiles, to be their God. I am the Lord. 46 These are the judgments, and precepts, and laws, which the Lord gave between him and the children of Israel, in mount Sinai, by the hand of Moses.

Deuteronomy 6, 4 – 9 4 Hear, O Israel, the Lord our God is one Lord. 5 You shall love the Lord your God with your whole heart, and with your whole soul, and with your whole strength. 6 And these words which I command you this day, shall be in your heart: 7 And you shall tell them to your children, and you shall meditate upon them sitting in your house, and walking on your journey, sleeping and rising. 8 And you shall bind them as a sign on your hand, and they shall be and shall move between your eyes. 9 And you shall write them in the entry, and on the doors of your house.

Psalm 34, 10 10 Fear the Lord, all you his saints: for there is no want to them that fear him.

Psalm 51 1 Unto the end, a psalm of David, 2 when Nathan the prophet came to him, after he had sinned with Bethsabee. 3 Have mercy on me, O God, according to your great mercy. And according to the multitude of your tender mercies blot out my iniquity. 4 Wash me yet more from my iniquity, and cleanse me from my sin. 5 For I know my iniquity, and my sin is always before me. 6 To you only have I sinned, and have done evil before you: that you may be justified in your words, and may overcome when you are judged. 7 For behold I was conceived in iniquities; and in sins did my mother conceive me. 8 For behold you have loved truth: the uncertain and hidden things of your wisdom you have made manifest to me. 9 You shall sprinkle me with hyssop, and I shall be cleansed: you shall wash me, and I shall be made whiter than snow. 10 To my hearing you shall give joy and gladness: and the bones that have been humbled shall rejoice. 11 Turn away your face from my sins, and blot out all my iniquities. 12 Create a clean heart in me, O God: and renew a right spirit within my bowels. 13 Cast me not away from your face; and take not your holy spirit from me. 14 Restore unto me the joy of your salvation, and strengthen me with a perfect spirit. 15 I will teach the unjust your ways: and the wicked shall be converted to you. 16 Deliver me from blood, O God, you God of my salvation: and my tongue shall extol your justice. 17 O Lord, you will open my lips: and my mouth shall declare your praise. 18 For if you had desired sacrifice, I would indeed have given it: with burnt offerings you will not be delighted. 19 A sacrifice to God is an afflicted spirit: a contrite and humbled heart, O God, you will not despise. 20 Deal favourably, O Lord, in your good will with Sion; that the walls of Jerusalem may be built up. 21 Then shall you accept the sacrifice of justice, oblations and whole burnt offerings: then shall they lay calves upon your altar.

Isaiah 1, 4 – 20 4 Woe to the sinful nation, a people laden with iniquity, a wicked seed, ungracious children: they have forsaken the Lord, they have blasphemed the Holy One of Israel, they have gone away backwards. 5 For what shall I strike you any more, you that increase transgression? The whole head is sick, and the whole heart is sad. 6 From the sole of the foot unto the top of the head, there is no soundness therein: wounds and bruises and swelling sores: they are not bound up, nor dressed, nor fomented with oil. 7 Your land is desolate, your cities are burnt with fire: your country strangers devour before your face, and it shall be desolate as when wasted by enemies. 8 And the daughter of Sion shall be left as a covert in a vineyard, and as a lodge in a garden of cucumbers, and as a city that is laid waste. 9 Except the Lord of hosts had left us seed, we had been as Sodom, and we should have been like to Gomorrha. 10 Hear the word of the Lord, you rulers of Sodom, give ear to the law of our God, you people of Gomorrha. 11 To what purpose do you offer me the multitude of your victims, says the Lord? I am full, I desire not holocausts of rams, and fat of fatlings, and blood of calves, and lambs, and buck goats. 12 When you came to appear before me, who required these things at your hands, that you should walk in my courts? 13 Offer sacrifice no more in vain: incense is an abomination to me. The new moons, and the sabbaths and other festivals I will not abide, your assemblies are wicked. 14 My soul hates your new moons, and your solemnities: they have become troublesome to me, I am weary of bearing them. 15 And when you stretch forth your hands, I will turn away my eyes from you: and when you multiply prayer, I will not hear: for your hands are full of blood. 16 Wash yourselves, be clean, take away the evil of your devices from my eyes, cease to do perversely, 17 learn to do well: seek judgment, relieve the oppressed, judge for the fatherless, defend the widow. 18 And then come, and accuse me, says the Lord: if your sins be as scarlet, they shall be made as white as snow: and if they be red as crimson, they shall be white as wool. 19 If you be willing, and will hearken to me, you shall eat the good things of the land. 20 But if you will not, and will provoke me to wrath: the sword shall devour you because the mouth of the Lord has spoken it.

Isaiah 4, 3 3 And it shall come to pass, that every one that shall be left in Sion, and that shall remain in Jerusalem, shall be called holy, every one that is written in life in Jerusalem.

Daniel 7, 18 – 22 18 But the saints of the most high God shall take the kingdom: and they shall possess the kingdom for ever and ever. 19 After this I would diligently learn concerning the fourth beast, which was very different from all, and exceeding terrible: his teeth and claws were of iron: he devoured and broke in pieces, and the rest he stamped upon with his feet: 20 And concerning the ten horns that he had on his head: and concerning the other that came up, before which three horns fell: and of that horn that had eyes, and a mouth speaking great things, and was greater than the rest. 21 I beheld, and lo, that horn made war against the saints, and prevailed over them, 22 till the ancient of days came and gave judgment to the saints of the most High, and the time came, and the saints obtained the kingdom.

Matthew 1, 18 Now the generation of Christ was in this wise. When as his mother Mary was espoused to Joseph, before they came together, she was found with child, of the Holy Ghost.

Matthew 6, 9 9 Thus therefore shall you pray: Our Father who art in heaven, hallowed be your name.

Matthew 16, 16 16 Simon Peter answered and said: You are Christ, the Son of the living God.

Mark 1, 24 24 saying: What have we to do with you, Jesus of Nazareth? Are you come to destroy us? I know who you are, the Holy One of God.

Mark 3, 11 3 And he said to the man who had the withered hand: Stand up in the midst.

Mark 6, 20 20 For Herod feared John, knowing him to be a just and holy man: and kept him, and when he heard him, did many things: and he heard him willingly.

Mark 8, 38 38 For he that shall be ashamed of me and of my words, in this adulterous and sinful generation: the Son of man also will be ashamed of him, when he shall come in the glory of his Father with the holy angels.

Mark 16, 19 19 And the Lord Jesus, after he had spoken to them, was taken up into heaven and sits on the right hand of God.

Luke 1, 35 35 And the angel answering, said to her: The Holy Ghost shall come upon you and the power of the Most High shall overshadow you. And therefore also the Holy which shall be born of you shall be called the Son of God.

Luke 1, 49 49 Because he that is mighty has done great things to me: and holy is his name.

Luke 1, 70 70 As he spoke by the mouth of his holy prophets, who are from the beginning.

Luke 1, 72 72 To perform mercy to our fathers and to remember his holy testament.

Luke 3, 22 22 And the Holy Ghost descended in a bodily shape, as a dove, upon him. And a voice came from heaven: You are my beloved Son. In you I am well pleased.

Luke 4, 1 And Jesus being full of the Holy Ghost, returned from the Jordan and was led the by the spirit into the desert,

Luke 5, 8 /compare Isaiah 6, 5/ 8 Which when Simon Peter saw, he fell down at Jesus’ knees, saying: Depart from me, for I am a sinful man, O Lord.

Isaiah 6, 5 5 And I said: Woe is me, because I have held my peace; because I am a man of unclean lips, and I dwell in the midst of a people that has unclean lips, and I have seen with my eyes the King the Lord of hosts.

John 6, 69 69 And we have believed and have known that you are the Christ, the Son of God.”

John 17, 11 11 And now I am not in the world, and these are in the world, and I come to you. Holy Father, keep them in your name whom you have given me: that they may be one, as we also are.

John 17, 19 19 And for them do I sanctify myself, that they also may be sanctified in truth.

Acts 3, 14.15 14 But you denied the Holy One and the Just: and desired a murderer to be granted unto you. 15 But the author of life you killed, whom God has raised from the dead: of which we are witnesses.

Acts 4, 27.30 27 For of a truth there assembled together in this city against your holy child Jesus, whom you have anointed, Herod, and Pontius Pilate, with the Gentiles and the people of Israel, 30 by stretching forth your hand to cures and signs and wonders, to be done by the name of your holy Son, Jesus.

Acts 10, 38 38 Jesus of Nazareth: how God anointed him with the Holy Ghost and with power, who went about doing good and healing all that were oppressed by the devil, for God was with him.

Romans 1, 2 2 Which he had promised before, by his prophets, in the holy scriptures,

Romans 1, 4 4 who was predestinated the Son of God in power, according to the spirit of sanctification, by the resurrection of our Lord Jesus Christ from the dead: (5)

Romans 7, 12 12 Wherefore the law indeed is holy: and the commandment holy and just and good.

1 Corinthians 3, 17 17 But if any man violate the temple of God, him shall God destroy. For the temple of God is holy, which you are.

Philippians 2, 9 9 For which cause, God also has exalted him and has given him a name which is above all names: (10)

1 Peter 1, 15.16 /compare Leviticus 19, 2/ 15 but according to him that has called you, who is holy, be you also in all manner of conversation holy: 16 Because it is written: You shall be holy, for I am holy.

Leviticus 19, 2 2 Speak to all the congregation of the children of Israel. And you shall say to them: Be holy, because I the Lord your God am holy.

Revelation 3, 7 7 And to the angel of the church of Philadelphia write: These things says the Holy One and the true one, he that has the key of David, he that opens and no man shuts, shuts and no man opens: (8)

Revelation 4, 8 8 And the four living creatures had each of them six wings: and round about and within they are full of eyes. And they rested not day and night, saying: Holy, Holy, Holy, Lord God Almighty, who was and who is and who is to come.

Revelation 6, 10 10 And they cried with a loud voice, saying: How long, O Lord (Holy and True), do you not judge and revenge our blood on them that dwell on the earth?

Revelation 21, 2 2 And I, John, saw the holy city, the new Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband.

Luke 3, 16 16 John answered, saying unto all: “I indeed baptize you with water; but there shall come one mightier than I, the latchet of whose shoes I am not worthy to loose. He shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost and with fire; [“While water signifies birth and the fruitfulness of life given in the Holy Spirit, fire symbolizes the transforming energy of the Holy Spirit’s actions.” (Catechism of the Catholic Church, 696)]

John 17, 19 19 And for them do I sanctify myself, that they also may be sanctified in truth.

Acts 1, 5 5 For John indeed baptized with water: but you shall be baptized with the Holy Ghost, not many days hence.

Acts 11, 16 16 And I remembered the word of the Lord, how that he said: John indeed baptized with water but you shall be baptized with the Holy Ghost.

1 Corinthians 1, 2 2 to the church of God that is at Corinth, to them that are sanctified in Christ Jesus, called to be saints, with all that invoke the name of our Lord Jesus Christ in every place of theirs and ours.

1 Corinthians 1, 30 30 But of him are you in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us wisdom and justice and sanctification and redemption: (31)

1 Corinthians 3, 16 – 17 16 Know you not that you are the temple of God and that the Spirit of God dwells in you? 17 But if any man violate the temple of God, him shall God destroy. For the temple of God is holy, which you are.

Ephesians 2, 22 22 In whom you also are built together into an habitation of God in the Spirit.

Ephesians 5, 26 26 That he might sanctify it, cleansing it by the laver of water in the word of life: (27)

Philippians 1, 1 1 Paul and Timothy, the servants of Jesus Christ: to all the saints in Christ Jesus who are at Philippi, with the bishops and deacons.

Hebrews 9, 11 – 14 11 But Christ, being come an high priest of the good things to come, by a greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hand, that is, not of this creation: 12 Neither by the blood of goats or of calves, but by his own blood, entered once into the Holies, having obtained eternal redemption. 13 For if the blood of goats and of oxen, and the ashes of an heifer, being sprinkled, sanctify such as are defiled, to the cleansing of the flesh: 14 How much more shall the blood of Christ, who by the Holy Ghost offered himself unspotted unto God, cleanse our conscience from dead works, to serve the living God?

Hebrews 10, 10 10 In the which will, we are sanctified by the oblation of the body of Jesus Christ once.

1 John 2, 20 20 But you have the unction from the Holy One and know all things. [The unction from the Holy One… That is, grace and wisdom from the Holy Ghost. (Challoner)]

Luke 1, 15 15 For he shall be great before the Lord and shall drink no wine nor strong drink: and he shall be filled with the Holy Ghost, even from his mother’s womb.

Luke 7, 28 28 For I say to you: Amongst those that are born of men, there is not a greater prophet than John the Baptist. But he that is the lesser in the kingdom of God is greater than he.

Acts 2, 16 – 38 16 But this is that which was spoken of by the prophet Joel: 17 And it shall come to pass, in the last days, (says the Lord), I will pour out of my Spirit upon all flesh: and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy: and your young men shall see visions, and your old men shall dream dreams. 18 And upon my servants indeed and upon my handmaids will I pour out in those days of my spirit: and they shall prophesy. 19 And I will show wonders in the heaven above, and signs on the earth beneath: blood and fire, and vapour of smoke. 20 The sun shall be turned into darkness and the moon into blood, before the great and manifest day of the Lord to come. 21 And it shall come to pass, that whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved. 22 You men of Israel, hear these words: Jesus of Nazareth, a man approved of God among you by miracles and wonders and signs, which God did by him, in the midst of you, as you also know: 23 This same being delivered up, by the determinate counsel and foreknowledge of God, you by the hands of wicked men have crucified and slain. 24 Whom God has raised up, having loosed the sorrows of hell, as it was impossible that he should be holden by it. 25 For David says concerning him: I foresaw the Lord before my face: because he is at my right hand, that I may not be moved. 26 For this my heart has been glad, and my tongue has rejoiced: moreover my flesh also shall rest in hope. 27 Because you will not leave my soul in hell: nor suffer your Holy One to see corruption. 28 You have made known to me the ways of life: you shall make me full of joy with your countenance. 29 You men, brethren, let me freely speak to you of the patriarch David: that he died and was buried; and his sepulchre is with us to this present say. 30 Whereas therefore he was a prophet and knew that God has sworn to him with an oath, that of the fruit of his loins one should sit upon his throne. 31 Foreseeing this, he spoke of the resurrection of Christ. For neither was he left in hell: neither did his flesh see corruption. 32 This Jesus has God raised again, whereof all we are witnesses. 33 Being exalted therefore by the right hand of God and having received of the Father the promise of the Holy Ghost, he has poured forth this which you see and hear. 34 For David ascended not into heaven; but he himself said: The Lord said to my Lord: Sit on my right hand, 35 until I make your enemies your footstool. 36 Therefore let all the house of Israel know most certainly that God has made both Lord and Christ, this same Jesus, whom you have crucified. 37 Now when they had heard these things, they had compunction in their heart and said to Peter and to the rest of the apostles: What shall we do, men and brethren? 38 But Peter said to them: Do penance: and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ, for the remission of your sins. And you shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost. [* By the determinate, etc… God delivered up his Son; and his Son delivered up himself, for the love of us, and for the sake of our salvation; and so Christ’s being delivered up was holy, and was God’s own determination. But they who betrayed and crucified him, did wickedly, following therein their own malice and the instigation of the devil; not the will and determination of God, who was by no means the author of their wickedness; though he permitted it; because he could, and did draw out of it so great a good, viz., the salvation of man. (Challoner) * Having loosed the sorrow, etc… Having overcome the grievous pains of death and all the power of hell. (Challoner)]

Acts 10, 47 47 Then Peter answered: Can any man forbid water, that these should not be baptized, who have received the Holy Ghost, as well as we?

Acts 19, 1 – 7 And it came to pass, while Apollo was at Corinth, that Paul, having passed through the upper coasts, came to Ephesus and found certain disciples. 2 And he said to them: Have you received the Holy Ghost since you believed? But they said to him: We have not so much as heard whether there be a Holy Ghost. 3 And he said: In what then were you baptized? Who said: In John’s baptism. 4 Then Paul said: John baptized the people with the baptism of penance saying: That they should believe in him, who was to come after him, that is to say, in Jesus. 5 Having heard these things, they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus. 6 And when Paul had imposed his hands on them, the Holy Ghost came upon them: and they spoke with tongues and prophesied. 7 And all the men were about twelve.

Romans 8, 14 – 17 14 For whosoever are led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God. 15 For you have not received the spirit of bondage again in fear: but you have received the spirit of adoption of sons, whereby we cry: Abba (Father). 16 For the Spirit himself gives testimony to our spirit that we are the sons of God. 17 And if sons, heirs also; heirs indeed of God and joint heirs with Christ: yet so, if we suffer with him, that we may be also glorified with him. [The Spirit himself, etc… By the inward motions of divine love, and the peace of conscience, which the children of God experience, they have a kind of testimony of God’s favour; by which they are much strengthened in their hope of their justification and salvation; but yet not so as to pretend to an absolute assurance: which is not usually granted in this mortal life: during which we are taught to work out our salvation with fear and trembling. Phil. 2.12. And that he that thinks himself to stand, must take heed lest he fall. 1 Corinthians 10:12. See also Romans 11:20-22. (Challoner)]

1 Corinthians 3, 16 – 17 16 Know you not that you are the temple of God and that the Spirit of God dwells in you? 17 But if any man violate the temple of God, him shall God destroy. For the temple of God is holy, which you are.

1 Corinthians 6, 11. 20 11 And such some of you were. But you are washed: but you are sanctified: but you are justified: in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ and the Spirit of our God. 20 For you are bought with a great price. Glorify and bear God in your body.

2 Corinthians 13, 13 13 The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ and the charity of God and the communication of the Holy Ghost be with you all. Amen.

Acts 9, 13 13 But Ananias answered: Lord, I have heard by many of this man, how much evil he has done to your saints in Jerusalem.

Acts 9, 31 – 41 31 Now, the church had peace throughout all Judea and Galilee and Samaria: and was edified, walking in the fear of the Lord: and was filled with the consolation of the Holy Ghost. 32 And it came to pass that Peter, as he passed through, visiting all, came to the saints who dwelt at Lydda. 33 And he found there a certain man named Eneas, who had kept his bed for eight years, who was ill of the palsy. 34 And Peter said to him: Eneas, the Lord Jesus Christ heals you. Arise and make your bed. And immediately he arose. 35 And all that dwelt at Lydda and Saron saw him: who were converted to the Lord. 36 And in Joppe there was a certain disciple named Tabitha, which by interpretation is called Dorcas. This woman was full of good works and almsdeeds which she did. 37 And it came to pass in those days that she was sick and died. Whom when they had washed, they laid her in an upper chamber. 38 And forasmuch as Lydda was near to Joppe, the disciples, hearing that Peter was there, sent unto him two men, desiring him that he would not be slack to come unto them. 39 And Peter rising up went with them. And when he had come, they brought him into the upper chamber. And all the widows stood about him, weeping and showing him the coats and garments which Dorcas made them. 40 And they all being put forth, Peter, kneeling down, prayed. And turning to the body, he said: Tabitha, arise. And she opened her eyes and, seeing Peter, sat up. 41 And giving her his hand, he lifted her up. And when he had called the saints and the widows, he presented her alive.

Romans 1, 7 7 To all that are at Rome, the beloved of God, called to be saints. Grace to you and peace, from God our Father and from the Lord Jesus Christ.

Romans 6, 19 19 I speak an human thing, because of the infirmity of your flesh. For as you have yielded your members to serve uncleanness and iniquity, unto iniquity: so now yield your members to serve justice, unto sanctification.

Romans 12, 1 I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercy of God, that you present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, pleasing unto God, your reasonable service.

Romans 15, 16 16 that I should be the minister of Christ Jesus among the Gentiles: sanctifying the gospel of God, that the oblation of the Gentiles may be made acceptable and sanctified in the Holy Ghost.

Romans 16, 2 2 That you receive her in the Lord as becomes saints and that you assist her in whatsoever business she shall have need of you. For she also has assisted many, and myself also.

1 Corinthians 1, 2 2 to the church of God that is at Corinth, to them that are sanctified in Christ Jesus, called to be saints, with all that invoke the name of our Lord Jesus Christ in every place of theirs and ours.

1 Corinthians 6, 9 – 11 9 Know you not that the unjust shall not possess the kingdom of God? Do not err: Neither fornicators nor idolaters nor adulterers: 10 Nor the effeminate nor liers with mankind nor thieves nor covetous nor drunkards nor railers nor extortioners shall possess the kingdom of God. 11 And such some of you were. But you are washed: but you are sanctified: but you are justified: in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ and the Spirit of our God.

1 Corinthians 16, 1 Now concerning the collections that are made for the saints: as I have given order to the churches of Galatia, so do also.

2 Corinthians 1, 1 1 Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, and Timothy our brother: to the church of God that is at Corinth, with all the saints that are in all Achaia: (2)

2 Corinthians 1, 12 12 For our glory is this: the testimony of our conscience, that in simplicity of heart and sincerity of God, and not in carnal wisdom, but in the grace of God, we have conversed in this world: and more abundantly towards you.

2 Corinthians 13, 12 12 Salute one another with a holy kiss. All the saints salute you.

Ephesians 2, 21 21 In whom all the building, being framed together, grows up into an holy temple in the Lord.

Ephesians 3, 5 5 which in other generations was not known to the sons of men, as it is now revealed to his holy apostles and prophets in the Spirit: (6)

Ephesians 4, 30 – 5, 1 30 And grieve not the holy Spirit of God: whereby you are sealed unto the day of redemption. 31 Let all bitterness and anger and indignation and clamour and blasphemy be put away from you, with all malice. 32 And be kind one to another: merciful, forgiving one another, even as God has forgiven you in Christ. Be therefore followers of God, as most dear children: (2)

Philippians 2, 17 17 Yea, and if I be made a victim upon the sacrifice and service of your faith, I rejoice and congratulate with you all.

Philippians 3, 10 – 14 10 that I may know him and the power of his resurrection, and may share his sufferings, becoming like him in his death, 11 that if possible I may attain the resurrection from the dead. 12 Not that I have already obtained this or am already perfect; but I press on to make it my own, because Christ Jesus has made me his own. 13 Brethren, I do not consider that I have made it my own; but one thing I do, forgetting what lies behind and straining forward to what lies ahead, 14 I press on toward the goal for the prize of the upward call of God in Christ Jesus.

1 Thessalonians 4, 3 3 For this is the will of God, your sanctification; that you should abstain from fornication; 4 that every one of you should know how to possess his vessel in sanctification and honour,

Titus 3, 4 – 7 4 But when the goodness and kindness of God our Saviour appeared: 5 Not by the works of justice which we have done, but according to his mercy, he saved us, by the laver of regeneration and renovation of the Holy Ghost. 6 Whom he has poured forth upon us abundantly, through Jesus Christ our Saviour: 7 That, being justified by his grace, we may be heirs according to hope of life everlasting.

1 Peter 2, 9 9 But you are a chosen generation, a kingly priesthood, a holy nation, a purchased people: that you may declare his virtues, who has called you out of darkness into his marvelous light:

Zechariah 14, 20 – 21 20 In that day that which is upon the bridle of the horse shall be holy to the Lord: and the caldrons in the house of the Lord shall be as the phials before the altar. 21 And every caldron in Jerusalem and Juda shall be sanctified to the Lord of hosts: and all that sacrifice shall come, and take of them, and shall seethe in them: and the merchant shall be no more in the house of the Lord of hosts in that day. [- That which is upon the bridle, etc… The golden ornaments of the bridles, etc., shall be turned into offerings in the house of God. And there shall be an abundance of caldrons and phials for the sacrifices of the temple; by which is meant, under a figure, the great resort there shall be to the temple, that is, to the church of Christ, and her sacrifice. (Challoner) – The merchant shall be no more, etc… Or, as some render it, The Chanaanite shall be no more, etc., that is, the profane and unbelievers shall have no title to be in the house of the Lord. Or there shall be no occasion for buyers or sellers of oxen, or sheep, or doves, in the house of God, such as Jesus Christ cast out of the temple. (Challoner)]

1 Corinthians 6, 2 – 3 2 Know you not that the saints shall judge this world? And if the world shall be judged by you, are you unworthy to judge the smallest matters? 3 Know you not that we shall judge angels? How much more things of this world?

1 Thessalonians 3, 13 13 so that he may establish your hearts unblamable in holiness before our God and Father, at the coming of our Lord Jesus with all his saints.

2 Thessalonians 1, 10 10 When he shall come to be glorified in his saints and to be made wonderful in all them who have believed; because our testimony was believed upon you in that day.

2 Thessalonians 2, 14 14 Whereunto also he has called you by our gospel, unto the purchasing of the glory of our Lord Jesus Christ.

1 John 4, 8 8 He that loves not knows not God: for God is charity.

Revelation 21 I saw a new heaven and a new earth. For the first heaven and the first earth was gone: and the sea is now no more. 2 And I, John, saw the holy city, the new Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband. 3 And I heard a great voice from the throne, saying: Behold the tabernacle of God with men: and he will dwell with them. And they shall be his people: and God himself with them shall be their God. 4 And God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes: and death shall be no more. Nor mourning, nor crying, nor sorrow shall be any more, for the former things are passed away. 5 And he that sat on the throne, said: Behold, I make all things new. And he said to me: Write. For these words are most faithful and true. 6 And he said to me: It is done. I am Alpha and Omega: the Beginning and the End. To him that thirsts, I will give of the fountain of the water of life, freely. 7 He that shall overcome shall possess these things. And I will be his God: and he shall be my son. 8 But the fearful and unbelieving and the abominable and murderers and whoremongers and sorcerers and idolaters and all liars, they shall have their portion in the pool burning with fire and brimstone, which is the second death. 9 And there came one of the seven angels, who had the vials full of the seven last plagues, and spoke with me, saying: Come and I will show you the bride, the wife of the Lamb. 10 And he took me up in spirit to a great and high mountain: and he showed me the holy city Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, 11 having the glory of God, and the light thereof was like to a precious stone, as to the jasper stone even as crystal. 12 And it had a wall great and high, having twelve gates, and in the gates twelve angels, and names written thereon, which are the names of the twelve tribes of the children of Israel. 13 On the east, three gates: and on the north, three gates: and on the south, three gates: and on the west, three gates. 14 And the wall of the city had twelve foundations: And in them, the twelve names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb, 15 and he that spoke with me had a measure of a reed of gold, to measure the city and the gates thereof and the wall. 16 And the city lies in a four-square: and the length thereof is as great as the breadth. And he measured the city with the golden reed for twelve thousand furlongs: and the length and the height and the breadth thereof are equal. 17 And he measured the wall thereof an hundred forty-four cubits, the measure of a man, which is of an angel. 18 And the building of the wall thereof was of jasper stone: but the city itself pure gold like to clear glass. 19 And the foundations of the wall of the city were adorned with all manner of precious stones. The first foundation was jasper: the second, sapphire: the third; a chalcedony: the fourth, an emerald: 20 The fifth, sardonyx: the sixth, sardius: the seventh, chrysolite: the eighth, beryl: the ninth, a topaz: the tenth, a chrysoprasus: the eleventh, a jacinth: the twelfth, an amethyst. 21 And the twelve gates are twelve pearls, one to each: and every several gate was of one several pearl. And the street of the city was pure gold, as it were, transparent glass. 22 And I saw no temple therein. For the Lord God Almighty is the temple thereof, and the Lamb. 23 And the city has no need of the sun, nor of the moon, to shine in it. For the glory of God has enlightened it: and the Lamb is the lamp thereof. 24 And the nations shall walk in the light of it: and the kings of the earth shall bring their glory and honour into it. 25 And the gates thereof shall not be shut by day: for there shall be no night there. 26 And they shall bring the glory and honour of the nations into it. 27 There shall not enter into it anything defiled or that works abomination or makes a lie: but they that are written in the book of life of the Lamb. [ – The first heaven and the first earth was gone, being changed, not as to their substance, but in their qualities. (Challoner) – The measure of a man, i.e., According to the measure of men, and used by the angel… This seems to be the true meaning of these words. (Challoner)]

Revelation 22 And he showed me a river of water of life, clear as crystal, proceeding from the throne of God and of the Lamb. 2 In the midst of the street thereof, and on both sides of the river, was the tree of life, bearing twelve fruits, yielding its fruits every month: the leaves of the tree for the healing of the nations. 3 And there shall be no curse any more: but the throne of God and of the Lamb shall be in it. And his servants shall serve him. 4 And they shall see his face: and his name shall be on their foreheads. 5 And night shall be no more. And they shall not need the light of the lamp, nor the light of the sun, because the Lord God shall enlighten them. And they shall reign for ever and ever. 6 And he said to me: These words are most faithful and true. And the Lord God of the spirits of the prophets sent his angel to show his servant the things which must be done shortly. 7 And: Behold I come quickly. Blessed is he that keeps the words of the prophecy of this book. 8 And I, John, who have heard and seen these things. And, after I had heard and seen, I fell down to adore before the feet of the angel who showed me these things. 9 And he said to me: See thou do it not. For I am your fellow servant, and of your brethren the prophets and of them that keep the words of the prophecy of this book. Adore God. 10 And he says to me: Seal not the words of the prophecy of this book. For the time is at hand. 11 He that hurts, let him hurt still: and he that is filthy, let him be filthy still: and he that is just, let him be justified still: and he that is holy, let him be sanctified still. 12 Behold, I come quickly: and my reward is with me, to render to every man according to his works. 13 I am Alpha and Omega, the First and the Last, the Beginning and the End. 14 Blessed are they that wash their robes in the blood of the Lamb: that they may have a right to the tree of life and may enter in by the gates into the city. 15 Without are dogs and sorcerers and unchaste and murderers and servers of idols and every one that loves and makes a lie. 16 I, Jesus, have sent my angel, to testify to you these things in the churches. I am the root and stock of David, the bright and morning star. 17 And the spirit and the bride say: Come. And he that hears, let him say: Come. And he that thirsts, let him come. And he that will, let him take the water of life, freely. 18 For I testify to every one that hears the words of the prophecy of this book: If any man shall add to these things, God shall add unto him the plagues written in this book. 19 And if any man shall take away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God shall take away his part out of the book of life, and out of the holy city, and from these things that are written in this book. 20 He that gives testimony of these things, says: Surely, I come quickly: Amen. Come, Lord Jesus. 21 The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all. Amen. [ – For the time is at hand… That is, when compared to eternity, all time and temporal things vanish, and are but of short duration. As to the time when the chief predictions should come to pass, we have no certainty, as appears by the different opinions, both of the ancient fathers and late interpreters. Many think that most things set down from the fourth chapter to the end, will not be fulfilled till a little time before the end of the world. Others are of opinion, that a great part of them, and particularly the fall of the wicked Babylon, happened at the destruction of paganism, by the destruction of heathen Rome, and its persecuting heathen emperors. Of these interpretations, see Aleazar, in his long commentary; see the learned Bossuet, bishop of Meaux, in his treatise on this Book; and P. Alleman, in his notes on the same Apocalypse, tom. 12, who in his Preface says, that this, in a great measure, may be now looked upon as the opinion followed by the learned men. In fine, others think that St. John’s design was in a mystical way, by metaphors and allegories, to represent the attempts and persecutions of the wicked against the servants of God, the punishments that should in a short time fall upon Babylon, that is, upon all the wicked in general: the eternal happiness and reward, which God had reserved for the pious inhabitants of Jerusalem, that is, for his faithful servants, after their short trials and the tribulations of this mortal life. In the mean time we meet with many profitable instructions and admonitions, which we may easily enough understand: but we have no certainty when we apply these predictions to particular events: for as St. Jerome takes notice, the Revelation has as many mysteries as words, or rather mysteries in every word. Apocalypsis Joannis tot habet Sacramenta quot verba — parum dixi, in verbis singulis multiplices latent intelligentiae. (Ep. ad Paulin, t. 4. p. 574. Edit. Benedict.) (Challoner) – Let him hurt still… It is not an exhortation, or license to go on in sin; but an intimation, that how far soever the wicked may proceed, their progress shall quickly end, and then they must expect to meet with proportionable punishments. (Challoner)]

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'Τις Θεός Μέγας' = 'The Great God'  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y9RuK-BgLrY&feature=endscreen&NR=1

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Use of:
– The Bible.
– Dictionary of Biblical Theology.
– Internet.

 

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